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Date and Time of the Query: 2018-12-11 T03:11:47 PST
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For refcode 2011ApJ...733...74L:
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2011ApJ...733...74L The Space Density of Extended Ultraviolet (XUV) Disks in the Local Universe and Implications for Gas Accretion onto Galaxies Lemonias, Jenna J.; Schiminovich, David; Thilker, David; Wyder, Ted K.; Martin, D. Christopher; Seibert, Mark; Treyer, Marie A.; Bianchi, Luciana; Heckman, Timothy M.; Madore, Barry F.; Rich, R. Michael Abstract. We present results of the first unbiased search for extended ultraviolet (XUV)-disk galaxies undertaken to determine the space density of such galaxies. Our sample contains 561 local (0.001 < z < 0.05) galaxies that lie in the intersection of available Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) deep imaging (exposure time >1.5 x 10^4^ s) and Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 footprints. We explore modifications to the standard classification scheme for our sample that includes both disk- and bulge-dominated galaxies. Visual classification of each galaxy in the sample reveals an XUV-disk frequency of up to 20% for the most nearby portion of our sample. On average over the entire sample (out to z = 0.05) the frequency ranges from a hard limit of 4%-14%. The GALEX imaging allows us to detect XUV disks beyond 100 Mpc. The XUV regions around XUV-disk galaxies are consistently bluer than the main bodies. We find a surprisingly high frequency of XUV emission around luminous red (NUV-r > 5) and green valley (3 < NUV-r < 5) galaxies. The XUV-disk space density in the local universe is >(1.5-4.2) x 10^-3^ Mpc^-3^. Using the XUV emission as an indicator of recent gas accretion, we estimate that the cold gas accretion rate onto these galaxies is >(1.7-4.6) x 10^-3^ M_sun_ Mpc^-3^ yr^-1^. The number of XUV disks in the green valley and the estimated accretion rate onto such galaxies points to the intriguing possibility that 7%-18% of galaxies in this population are transitioning away from the red sequence. Key words: galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, galaxies: structure, surveys, ultraviolet: galaxies
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