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Date and Time of the Query: 2018-09-18 T09:20:20 PDT
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For refcode 2011ApJ...743..146C:
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2011ApJ...743..146C Active and Passive Galaxies at z ~ 2: Rest-frame Optical Morphologies with WFC3 Cameron, E.; Carollo, C. M.; Oesch, P. A.; Bouwens, R. J.; Illingworth, G. D.; Trenti, M.; Labbe, I.; Magee, D. Abstract. We use the high angular resolution in the near-infrared of the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) on the Hubble Space Telescope to determine YHVz color-color-selection criteria to identify and characterize 1.5 < z < 3.5 galaxies in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2009 (HUDF09) and Early Release Science (GOODS-South) fields. The WFC3 NIR images reveal galaxies at these redshifts that were undetected in the rest-frame UV HUDF/GOODS images, as well as true centers and regular disks in galaxies classified as highly irregular in rest-frame UV light. Across the 1.5 < z < 2.15 redshift range, regular disks are unveiled in the WFC3 images of ~25% of both intermediate and high mass galaxies, i.e., above 10^10^ M_sun_. Meanwhile, galaxies maintaining diffuse and/or irregular morphologies in the rest-frame optical light---i.e., not yet dynamically settled---at these epochs are almost entirely restricted to masses below 10^11^ M_sun_. In contrast at 2.25 < z < 3.5 these diffuse and/or irregular structures overwhelmingly dominate the morphological mix in both the intermediate and high mass regimes, while no regular disks, and only a small fraction (~25%) of smooth spheroids, are evident above 10^11^ M_sun_. Strikingly, by 1.5 < z < 2.25 roughly two out of every three galaxies at the highest masses are spheroids. In our small sample, the fraction of star-forming galaxies at these mass scales decreases concurrently from ~60% to ~5%. If confirmed, this indicates that z ~ 2 is the epoch of both the morphological transformation and quenching of star formation which assemble the first substantial population of massive ellipticals. Key words: galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, galaxies: high-redshift
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