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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-20 T14:51:34 PDT
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For refcode 2011MNRAS.412.2498M:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2011MNRAS.412.2498M Galaxy groups and clouds in the local (z~ 0.01) Universe Makarov, Dmitry; Karachentsev, Igor Abstract. We present an all-sky catalogue of 395 nearby galaxy groups revealed in the Local Supercluster and its surroundings. The groups and their associations are identified among 10 914 galaxies at |b| > 15^degree^ with radial velocities V_LG_ < 3500 km s^-1^. Our group-finding algorithm requires the group members to be located inside their zero-velocity surface. Hereby, we assume that individual galaxy masses are proportional to their total K-band luminosities, M/L_K_= 6 M_o_/L_o_. The sample of our groups, where each group has n>= 4 members, is characterized by the following medians: mean projected radius <R>= 268 kpc, radial velocity dispersion {sigma}_V_= 74 km s^-1^, K-band luminosity L_K_= 1.2 x 10^11^ L_o_, virial and projected masses M_vir_= 2.4 x 10^12^ and M_p_= 3.3 x 10^12^ M_o_, respectively. Accounting for measurement error reduces the median masses by 30 per cent. For 97 per cent of identified groups the crossing time does not exceed the cosmic time, 13.7 Gyr, with the median at 3.8 Gyr. We examine different properties of the groups, in particular of the known nearby groups and clusters in Virgo and Fornax. About a quarter of our groups can be classified as fossil groups where the dominant galaxy is at least 10 times brighter than the other group members. In total, our algorithm identifies 54 per cent of galaxies to be members of groups. Together with triple systems and pairs they gather 82 per cent of the K-band light in the local Universe. We have obtained the local value of matter density to be {OMEGA}_m_= 0.08 +/- 0.02 within a distance of ~40 Mpc assuming H_0_= 73 km s^-1^ Mpc^-1^. It is significantly smaller than the cosmic value, 0.28, in the standard {LAMBDA}CDM model. The discrepancy between the global and local quantities of {OMEGA}_m_ may be caused by the existence of a dark matter component unrelated to the virial masses of the galaxy systems. Key words: catalogues, galaxies: groups: general, cosmological parameters
Retrieve 390 NED objects in this reference.
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