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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-04-20 T21:39:34 PDT
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For refcode 2012ApJ...744..159L:
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2012ApJ...744..159L New Constraints on the Evolution of the Stellar-to-dark Matter Connection: A Combined Analysis of Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing, Clustering, and Stellar Mass Functions from z = 0.2 to z =1 Leauthaud, Alexie; Tinker, Jeremy; Bundy, Kevin; Behroozi, Peter S.; Massey, Richard; Rhodes, Jason; George, Matthew R.; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Benson, Andrew; Wechsler, Risa H.; Busha, Michael T.; Capak, Peter; Cortes, Marina; Ilbert, Olivier; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Le Fevre, Oliver; Lilly, Simon; McCracken, Henry J.; Salvato, Mara; Schrabback, Tim; Scoville, Nick; Smith, Tristan; Taylor, James E. Abstract. Using data from the COSMOS survey, we perform the first joint analysis of galaxy-galaxy weak lensing, galaxy spatial clustering, and galaxy number densities. Carefully accounting for sample variance and for scatter between stellar and halo mass, we model all three observables simultaneously using a novel and self-consistent theoretical framework. Our results provide strong constraints on the shape and redshift evolution of the stellar-to-halo mass relation (SHMR) from z = 0.2 to z = 1. At low stellar mass, we find that halo mass scales as M_h_ v{prop}M ^0.46^_*_ and that this scaling does not evolve significantly with redshift from z = 0.2 to z = 1. The slope of the SHMR rises sharply at M_*_ > 5 x 10^10^ M_sun_ and as a consequence, the stellar mass of a central galaxy becomes a poor tracer of its parent halo mass. We show that the dark-to-stellar ratio, M_h_ /M_*_, varies from low to high masses, reaching a minimum of M_h_ /M_*_ ~ 27 at M_*_ = 4.5 x 10^10^ M_sun_ and M_h_ = 1.2 x 10^12^ M_sun_. This minimum is important for models of galaxy formation because it marks the mass at which the accumulated stellar growth of the central galaxy has been the most efficient. We describe the SHMR at this minimum in terms of the "pivot stellar mass," M ^piv^_*_, the "pivot halo mass," M ^piv^_ h_, and the "pivot ratio," (M_h_ /M_*_)^piv^. Thanks to a homogeneous analysis of a single data set spanning a large redshift range, we report the first detection of mass downsizing trends for both M ^piv^_ h_ and M ^piv^_*_. The pivot stellar mass decreases from M ^piv^_*_ = 5.75 +/- 0.13 x 10^10^ M_sun_ at z = 0.88 to M ^piv^_*_ = 3.55 +/- 0.17 x 10^10^ M_sun_ at z = 0.37. Intriguingly, however, the corresponding evolution of M ^piv^_ h_ leaves the pivot ratio constant with redshift at (M_h_ /M_*_)^piv^ ~ 27. We use simple arguments to show how this result raises the possibility that star formation quenching may ultimately depend on M_h_ /M_*_ and not simply on M_h_, as is commonly assumed. We show that simple models with such a dependence naturally lead to downsizing in the sites of star formation. Finally, we discuss the implications of our results in the context of popular quenching models, including disk instabilities and active galactic nucleus feedback. Key words: dark matter, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, galaxies: luminosity function, mass function, galaxies: stellar content, gravitational lensing: weak
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