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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-24 T05:15:07 PDT
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For refcode 2012ApJ...752...93W:
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2012ApJ...752...93W Evidence for Low Extinction in Actively Star-forming Galaxies at z > 6.5 Walter, F.; Decarli, R.; Carilli, C.; Riechers, D.; Bertoldi, F.; Weiss, A.; Cox, P.; Neri, R.; Maiolino, R.; Ouchi, M.; Egami, E.; Nakanishi, K. Abstract. We present a search for the [C II] 158 micron fine structure line (a main cooling line of the interstellar medium) and the underlying far-infrared (FIR) continuum in three high-redshift (6.6 < z < 8.2) star-forming galaxies using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We targeted two Ly-{alpha}-selected galaxies (Ly-{alpha} emitters, LAEs) with moderate UV-based star formation rates (SFRs ~ 20 M_sun_ yr^-1^ Himiko at z = 6.6 and IOK-1 at z = 7.0) and a gamma-ray burst (GRB) host galaxy (GRB 090423 at z ~ 8.2). Based on our 3sigma rest-frame FIR continuum limits, previous (rest-frame) UV continuum measurements and spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting, we rule out SED shapes similar to highly obscured galaxies (e.g., Arp 220, M 82) and less extreme dust-rich nearby spiral galaxies (e.g., M 51) for the LAEs. Conservatively assuming an SED shape typical of local spiral galaxies we derive upper limits for the FIR-based star formation rates (SFRs) of ~70 M_sun_ yr^-1^, ~50 M_sun_ yr^-1^, and ~40 M_sun_ yr^-1^ for Himiko, IOK-1, and GRB 090423, respectively. For the LAEs these limits are only a factor ~3 higher than the published UV-based SFRs (uncorrected for extinction). This indicates that the dust obscuration in the z > 6 LAEs studied here is lower by a factor of a few than what has recently been found in some LAEs at lower redshift (2 < z < 3.5) with similar UV-based SFRs. A low obscuration in our z > 6 LAE sample is consistent with recent rest-frame UV studies of z ~ 7 Lyman break galaxies. Key words: cosmology: observations, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, infrared: galaxies
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