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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-27 T05:30:56 PDT
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For refcode 2012MNRAS.424.2659M:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2012MNRAS.424.2659M Supernova 1998S at 14 years postmortem: continuing circumstellar interaction and dust formation Mauerhan, Jon; Smith, Nathan Abstract. We report late-time spectroscopic observations of the Type IIn supernova (SN) 1998S, taken 14 years after explosion using the Large Binocular Telescope. The optical spectrum exhibits strong, broad emission features of [O I], [O II] and Halpha, in addition to weaker features of [O III], Hbeta and [Fe II]. The last decade of evolution has exhibited a strengthening of the oxygen transitions relative to Halpha, evidence that the late-time emission is powered by increasingly metal-rich SN ejecta crossing the reverse shock. The Halpha luminosity of ~8000 L_sun_ requires that SN 1998S is still interacting with relatively dense circumstellar material (CSM), probably produced by the strong wind of a red supergiant progenitor at least ~10^3^ years before explosion. The emission lines exhibit asymmetric blueshifted profiles, which implies that the receding hemisphere of the SN is obscured by dust. The [O III] lambda5007 line, in particular, exhibits a complete suppression of its red wing. This could be the result of the expected wavelength dependence for dust extinction or a smaller radial distribution for [O III]. In the latter case, the red wing of [O III] could be absorbed by core dust, while both the blue and red wings are absorbed by dust within the cool dense shell between the forward and reverse shocks; this interpretation could explain why late-time [O III] emission from SNe is often weaker than models predict. The [O I] line exhibits double-peaked structure on top of the broader underlying profile, possibly due to emission from individual clumps of ejecta or ring-like structures of metal-rich debris. The centroids of the peaks are blueshifted and lack a red counterpart. However, an archival spectrum obtained on day 1093 exhibits a third, redshifted peak, which we suspect has become extinguished by dust that formed over the last decade, after day 1093. This implies that the 'missing' red components of multi-peaked oxygen profiles observed in other SNe might be obscured by varying degrees of dust extinction.
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