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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-25 T17:18:10 PDT
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For refcode 2013ApJ...768..180L:
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2013ApJ...768..180L Star Formation Rates in Resolved Galaxies: Calibrations with Near- and Far-infrared Data for NGC 5055 and NGC 6946 Li, Yiming; Crocker, Alison F.; Calzetti, Daniela; Wilson, Christine D.; Kennicutt, Robert C.; Murphy, Eric J.; Brandl, Bernhard R.; Draine, B. T.; Galametz, M.; Johnson, B. D.; Armus, L.; Gordon, K. D.; Croxall, K.; Dale, D. A.; Engelbracht, C. W.; Groves, B.; Hao, C.-N.; Helou, G.; Hinz, J.; Hunt, L. K.; Krause, O.; Roussel, H.; Sauvage, M.; Smith, J. D. T. Abstract. We use the near-infrared Brgamma hydrogen recombination line as a reference star formation rate (SFR) indicator to test the validity and establish the calibration of the Herschel/PACS 70 micron emission as a SFR tracer for sub-galactic regions in external galaxies. Brgamma offers the double advantage of directly tracing ionizing photons and of being relatively insensitive to the effects of dust attenuation. For our first experiment, we use archival Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Brgamma and Ks images of two nearby galaxies: NGC 5055 and NGC 6946, which are also part of the Herschel program KINGFISH (Key Insights on Nearby Galaxies: a Far-Infrared Survey with Herschel). We use the extinction corrected Brgamma emission to derive the SFR(70) calibration for H II regions in these two galaxies. A comparison of the SFR(70) calibrations at different spatial scales, from 200 pc to the size of the whole galaxy, reveals that about 50% of the total 70 micron emission is due to dust heated by stellar populations that are unrelated to the current star formation. We use a simple model to qualitatively relate the increase of the SFR(70) calibration coefficient with decreasing region size to the star formation timescale. We provide a calibration for an unbiased SFR indicator that combines the observed Halpha with the 70 micron emission, also for use in H II regions. We briefly analyze the PACS 100 and 160 micron maps and find that longer wavelengths are not as good SFR indicators as 70 micron, in agreement with previous results. We find that the calibrations show about 50% difference between the two galaxies, possibly due to effects of inclination. Based on observations obtained with WIRCam, a joint project of CFHT, Taiwan, Korea, Canada, France, and the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institute National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii. Key words: galaxies: ISM, H II regions, infrared: galaxies, infrared: ISM, ISM: structure
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