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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-05-23 T16:35:56 PDT
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For refcode 2013ApJ...772...19F:
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2013ApJ...772...19F On the Lira Law and the Nature of Extinction toward Type Ia Supernovae Forster, Francisco; Gonzalez-Gaitan, Santiago; Folatelli, Gaston; Morrell, Nidia Abstract. We have studied the relation between the color evolution of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) from maximum light to the Lira law regime and the presence of narrow absorption features. Based on a nearby sample of 89 SNe Ia, we have found that the rate of change of B -- V colors at late phases (between 35 and 80 days after maximum) varies significantly among different SNe Ia. At maximum light, faster Lira law B -- V decliners have significantly higher equivalent widths of blended Na I D1 and D2 narrow absorption lines, redder colors, and lower R_V_ reddening laws. We do not find faster Lira law B -- V decliners to have a strong preference for younger galaxy environments, where higher interstellar material (ISM) column densities would be expected. We interpret these results as evidence for the presence of circumstellar material. The differences in colors and reddening laws found at maximum light are also present 55 days afterward, but unlike the colors at maximum they show a significant variation among different host galaxy morphological types. This suggests that the effect of ISM on the colors is more apparent at late times. Finally, we discuss how the transversal expansion of the ejecta in an inhomogeneous ISM could mimic some of these findings. Key words: distance scale, supernovae: general
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