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Date and Time of the Query: 2018-07-20 T07:08:52 PDT
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For refcode 2014AJ....147..103H:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2014AJ....147..103H The Radio Continuum-Star Formation Rate Relation in WSRT SINGS Galaxies Heesen, Volker; Brinks, Elias; Leroy, Adam K.; Heald, George; Braun, Robert; Bigiel, Frank; Beck, Rainer Abstract. We present a study of the spatially resolved radio continuum-star formation rate (RC-SFR) relation using state-of-the-art star formation tracers in a sample of 17 THINGS galaxies. We use SFR surface density (Sigma_SFR_) maps created by a linear combination of GALEX far-UV (FUV) and Spitzer 24 micron maps. We use RC maps at lambdalambda22 and 18 cm from the WSRT SINGS survey and Halpha emission maps to correct for thermal RC emission. We compare azimuthally averaged radial profiles of the RC and FUV/mid-IR (MIR) based Sigma_SFR_ maps and study pixel-by-pixel correlations at fixed linear scales of 1.2 and 0.7 kpc. The ratio of the integrated SFRs from the RC emission to that of the FUV/MIR-based SF tracers is R_int = 0.78+/- 0.38, consistent with the relation by Condon. We find a tight correlation between the radial profiles of the radio and FUV/MIR-based Sigma_SFR_ for the entire extent of the disk. The ratio R of the azimuthally averaged radio to FUV/MIR-based Sigma_SFR_ agrees with the integrated ratio and has only quasi-random fluctuations with galactocentric radius that are relatively small (25%). Pixel-by-pixel plots show a tight correlation in log-log diagrams of radio to FUV/MIR-based Sigma_SFR_, with a typical standard deviation of a factor of two. Averaged over our sample we find ({SIGMA}_{SFR}_)_{RC}_ is proportional to ({SIGMA}_{SFR}_)_{{hyb}_}^{0.63+/- 0.25}, implying that data points with high Sigma_SFR_ are relatively radio dim, whereas the reverse is true for low Sigma_SFR_. We interpret this as a result of spectral aging of cosmic-ray electrons (CREs), which are diffusing away from the star formation sites where they are injected into the interstellar medium. This is supported by our finding that the radio spectral index is a second parameter in pixel-by-pixel plots: those data points dominated by young CREs are relatively radio dim, while those dominated by old CREs are slightly more RC bright than what would be expected from a linear extrapolation. We studied the ratio R of radio to FUV/MIR-based integrated SFR as a function of global galaxy parameters and found no clear correlation. This suggests that we can use RC emission as a universal star formation tracer for galaxies with a similar degree of accuracy as other tracers, if we restrict ourselves to global or azimuthally averaged measurements. We can reconcile our finding of an almost linear RC-SFR relation and sub-linear resolved (on 1 kpc scale) RC-Sigma_SFR_ relation by proposing a non-linear magnetic field-SFR relation, B is proportional to SFR_{{hyb}_}^{0.30+/- 0.02}, which holds both globally and locally. Key words: cosmic rays, galaxies: fundamental parameters, galaxies: ISM, galaxies: magnetic fields, galaxies: star formation, galaxies: structure
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