NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-17 T17:01:59 PDT
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For refcode 2014ApJ...785...30V:
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2014ApJ...785...30V The Hard X-Ray Perspective on the Soft X-Ray Excess Vasudevan, Ranjan V.; Mushotzky, Richard F.; Reynolds, Christopher S.; Fabian, Andrew C.; Lohfink, Anne M.; Zoghbi, Abderahmen; Gallo, Luigi C.; Walton, Dominic Abstract. The X-ray spectra of many active galactic nuclei exhibit a "soft excess" below 1 keV, whose physical origin remains unclear. Diverse models have been suggested to account for it, including ionized reflection of X-rays from the inner part of the accretion disk, ionized winds/absorbers, and Comptonization. The ionized reflection model suggests a natural link between the prominence of the soft excess and the Compton reflection hump strength above 10 keV, but it has not been clear what hard X-ray signatures, if any, are expected from the other soft X-ray candidate models. Additionally, it has not been possible up until recently to obtain high-quality simultaneous measurements of both soft and hard X-ray emission necessary to distinguish these models but upcoming joint XMM-NuSTAR programs provide precisely this opportunity. In this paper, we present an extensive analysis of simulations of XMM-NuSTAR observations, using two candidate soft excess models as inputs, to determine whether such campaigns can disambiguate between them by using hard and soft X-ray observations in tandem. The simulated spectra are fit with the simplest "observer's model" of a blackbody and neutral reflection to characterize the strength of the soft and hard excesses. A plot of the strength of the hard excess against the soft excess strength provides a diagnostic plot which allows the soft excess production mechanism to be determined in individual sources and samples using current state-of-the-art and next generation hard X-ray enabled observatories. This approach can be straightforwardly extended to other candidate models for the soft excess. Key words: accretion, accretion disks, galaxies: active, X-rays: galaxies
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