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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-26 T08:06:59 PDT
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For refcode 2015ApJ...803...34B:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2015ApJ...803...34B UV Luminosity Functions at Redshifts z ~ 4 to z ~ 10: 10,000 Galaxies from HST Legacy Fields Bouwens, R. J.; Illingworth, G. D.; Oesch, P. A.; Trenti, M.; Labbe, I.; Bradley, L.; Carollo, M.; van Dokkum, P. G.; Gonzalez, V.; Holwerda, B.; Franx, M.; Spitler, L.; Smit, R.; Magee, D. Abstract. The remarkable Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data sets from the CANDELS, HUDF09, HUDF12, ERS, and BoRG/HIPPIES programs have allowed us to map the evolution of the rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF) from z~ 10 to z~ 4. We develop new color criteria that more optimally utilize the full wavelength coverage from the optical, near-IR, and mid-IR observations over our search fields, while simultaneously minimizing the incompleteness and eliminating redshift gaps. We have identified 5859, 3001, 857, 481, 217, and 6 galaxy candidates at z~ 4, z~ 5, z~ 6, z~ 7, z~ 8, and z~ 10, respectively, from the ~1000 arcmin^2^ area covered by these data sets. This sample of >10,000 galaxy candidates at z>=slant 4 is by far the largest assembled to date with HST. The selection of z ~ 4--8 candidates over the five CANDELS fields allows us to assess the cosmic variance; the largest variations are at z>=slant 7. Our new LF determinations at z~ 4 and z~ 5 span a 6 mag baseline and reach to --16 AB mag. These determinations agree well with previous estimates, but the larger samples and volumes probed here result in a more reliable sampling of \gt {{L}^*^} galaxies and allow us to reassess the form of the UV LFs. Our new LF results strengthen our earlier findings to 3.4sigma significance for a steeper faint-end slope of the UV LF at z\gt 4, with {alpha} evolving from {alpha} =-1.64+/- 0.04 at z~ 4 to {alpha} =-2.06+/- 0.13 at z~ 7 (and {alpha} =-2.02+/- 0.23 at z~ 8), consistent with that expected from the evolution of the halo mass function. We find less evolution in the characteristic magnitude M^*^ from z~ 7 to z~ 4; the observed evolution in the LF is now largely represented by changes in {{phi}^*^}. No evidence for a non-Schechter-like form to the z ~ 4--8 LFs is found. A simple conditional LF model based on halo growth and evolution in the M/L ratio (is proportional to {{(1+z)}^-1.5^}) of halos provides a good representation of the observed evolution. Based on observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of CFHT and CEA/IRFU, at the Canada--France--Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Science de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based in part on data products produced at Terapix available at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada--France--Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS. Key words: galaxies: evolution, galaxies: high-redshift
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