NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-03-25 T10:54:52 PDT
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For refcode 2015ApJS..217...25G:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2015ApJS..217...25G The G Infrared Search for Extraterrestrial Civilizations with Large Energy Supplies. III. The Reddest Extended Sources in WISE Griffith, Roger L.; Wright, Jason T.; Maldonado, Jessica; Povich, Matthew S.; Sigurdsson, Steinn; Mullan, Brendan Abstract. Nearby Type III (galaxy-spanning) Kardashev supercivilizations would have high mid-infrared (MIR) luminosities. We have used the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) to survey ~ 1x {{10}^5^} galaxies for extreme MIR emission, 1 x 10^3^ times more galaxies than the only previous such search. We have calibrated the WISE All-sky Catalog pipeline products to improve their photometry for extended sources. We present 563 extended sources with |b|>=slant 10 and red MIR colors, having visually vetted them to remove artifacts. No galaxies in our sample host an alien civilization reprocessing more than 85% of its starlight into the MIR, and only 50 galaxies, including Arp 220, have MIR luminosities consistent with \gt 50% reprocessing. Ninety of these (likely) extragalactic sources have little literature presence; in most cases, they are likely barely resolved galaxies or pairs of galaxies undergoing large amounts of star formation. Five are new to science and deserve further study. The Be star 48 Librae sits within a MIR nebula, and we suggest that it may be creating dust. WISE, 2MASS, and Spitzer imagery shows that IRAS 04287+6444 is consistent with a previously unnoticed, heavily extinguished cluster of young stellar objects. We identify five "passive" (i.e., red) spiral galaxies with unusually high MIR and low NUV luminosity. We search a set of H I dark galaxies for MIR emission and find none. These 90 poorly understood sources and 5 anomalous passive spirals deserve follow-up via both SETI and conventional astrophysics. Key words: extraterrestrial intelligence, infrared: galaxies
Retrieve 168 NED objects in this reference.
Please click here for ADS abstract

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