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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-25 T09:40:30 PDT
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For refcode 2016A&A...588A..23A:
Retrieve 21 NED objects in this reference.
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NED Abstract

Copyright by European Southern Observatory (ESO). Reproduced by permission
2016A&A...588A..23A Molecular gas in low-metallicity starburst galaxies:. Scaling relations and the CO-to-H_2_ conversion factor Amorin, R.; Munoz-Tunon, C.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Planesas, P. Abstract. Context. Tracing the molecular gas-phase in low-mass star-forming galaxies becomes extremely challenging due to significant UV photo-dissociation of CO molecules in their low-dust, low-metallicity ISM environments. Aims: We aim to study the molecular content and the star-formation efficiency of a representative sample of 21 blue compact dwarf galaxies (BCDs), previously characterized on the basis of their spectrophotometric properties. Methods: We present CO (1-0) and (2-1) observations conducted at the IRAM-30m telescope. These data are further supplemented with additional CO measurements and multiwavelength ancillary data from the literature. We explore correlations between the derived CO luminosities and several galaxy-averaged properties. Results: We detect CO emission in seven out of ten BCDs observed. For two galaxies these are the first CO detections reported so far. We find the molecular content traced by CO to be correlated with the stellar and Hi masses, star formation rate (SFR) tracers, the projected size of the starburst, and its gas-phase metallicity. BCDs appear to be systematically offset from the Schmidt-Kennicutt (SK) law, showing lower average gas surface densities for a given Sigma_SFR_, and therefore showing extremely low (<~0.1 Gyr) H_2_ and H_2_ +Hi depletion timescales. The departure from the SK law is smaller when considering H_2_ +Hi rather than H_2_ only, and is larger for BCDs with lower metallicity and higher specific SFR. Thus, the molecular fraction (Sigma_H_2_/ Sigma_HI_) and CO depletion timescale (Sigma_H_2_/ Sigma_SFR_) of BCDs is found to be strongly correlated with metallicity. Using this, and assuming that the empirical correlation found between the specific SFR and galaxy-averaged H_2_ depletion timescale of more metal-rich galaxies extends to lower masses, we derive a metallicity-dependent CO-to-H_2_ conversion factor {alpha}_CO,Z_ is proportional to (Z/Z_sun_)^- y^, with y = 1.5(+/-0.3)in qualitative agreement with previous determinations, dust-based measurements, and recent model predictions. Consequently, our results suggest that in vigorously star-forming dwarfs the fraction of H_2_ traced by CO decreases by a factor of about 40 from Z ~ Z_sun_ to Z ~ 0.1 Z_sun_, leading to a strong underestimation of the H_2_ mass in metal-poor systems when a Galactic {alpha}_CO,MW_ is considered. Adopting our metallicity-dependent conversion factor {alpha}_CO,Z_ we find that departures from the SK law are partially resolved. Conclusions: Our results suggest that starbursting dwarfs have shorter depletion gas timescales and lower molecular fractions compared to normal late-type disc galaxies, even accounting for the molecular gas not traced by CO emission in metal-poor environments, raising additional constraints to model predictions. Based on observations carried out with the IRAM 30m Telescope. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany) and IGN (Spain). Key words: galaxies: ISM, radio lines: ISM, galaxies: starburst, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: general
Retrieve 21 NED objects in this reference.
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