NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-17 T13:44:09 PDT
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For refcode 2016AJ....151...94F:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2016AJ....151...94F The Impact of Molecular Gas on Mass Models of Nearby Galaxies Frank, B. S.; de Blok, W. J. G.; Walter, F.; Leroy, A.; Carignan, C. Abstract. We present CO velocity fields and rotation curves for a sample of nearby galaxies, based on data from HERACLES. We combine our data with THINGS, SINGS, and KINGFISH results to provide a comprehensive sample of mass models of disk galaxies inclusive of molecular gas. We compare the kinematics of the molecular (CO from HERACLES) and atomic (H I from THINGS) gas distributions to determine the extent to which CO may be used to probe the dynamics in the inner part of galaxies. In general, we find good agreement between the CO and H I kinematics, with small differences in the inner part of some galaxies. We add the contribution of the molecular gas to the mass models in our galaxies by using two different conversion factors {alpha}_CO_ to convert CO luminosity to molecular gas mass surface density---the constant Milky Way value and the radially varying profiles determined in recent work based on THINGS, HERACLES, and KINGFISH data. We study the relative effect that the addition of the molecular gas has on the halo rotation curves for Navarro-Frenk-White and the observationally motivated pseudo-isothermal halos. The contribution of the molecular gas varies for galaxies in our sample---for those galaxies where there is a substantial molecular gas content, using different values of {alpha}_CO_ can result in significant differences to the relative contribution of the molecular gas and hence the shape of the dark matter halo rotation curves in the central regions of galaxies. Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, ISM: kinematics and dynamics
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