NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-25 T21:32:15 PDT
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For refcode 2016ApJ...818...12T:
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2016ApJ...818...12T The Global Implications of the Hard Excess. II. Analysis of the Local Population of Radio-quiet AGNs Tatum, M. M.; Turner, T. J.; Miller, L.; Reeves, J. N.; DiLiello, J.; Gofford, J.; Patrick, A.; Clayton, M. Abstract. Active galactic nuclei (AGNs) show evidence for reprocessing gas, outflowing from the accreting black hole. The combined effects of absorption and scattering from the circumnuclear material likely explain the "hard excess" of X-ray emission above 20 keV, compared with the extrapolation of spectra from lower X-ray energies. In a recent Suzaku study, we established that the ubiquitous hard excess in hard, X-ray-selected, radio-quiet type 1 AGNs is consistent with a reprocessing of the X-ray continuum in an ensemble of clouds, located tens to hundreds of gravitational radii from the nuclear black hole. Here we add hard X-ray-selected, type 2 AGNs to extend our original study and show that the gross X-ray spectral properties of the entire local population of radio-quiet AGNs may be described by a simple unified scheme. We find a broad, continuous distribution of spectral hardness ratio and Fe Kalpha equivalent width across all AGN types, which can be reproduced by varying the observer's sightline through a single, simple model cloud ensemble, provided that the radiative transfer through the model cloud distribution includes not only photoelectric absorption but also three-dimensional (3D) Compton scattering. Variation in other parameters of the cloud distribution, such as column density or ionization, should be expected between AGNs, but such variation is not required to explain the gross X-ray spectral properties. Key words: galaxies: active, galaxies: Seyfert, X-rays: galaxies
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