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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-04-24 T17:45:49 PDT
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For refcode 2016ApJ...818..111K:
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2016ApJ...818..111K Progenitors of Type IIB Supernovae in the Light of Radio and X-Rays from SN 2013DF Kamble, Atish; Margutti, Raffaella; Soderberg, Alicia M.; Chakraborti, Sayan; Fransson, Claes; Chevalier, Roger; Powell, Diana; Milisavljevic, Dan; Parrent, Jerod; Bietenholz, Michael Abstract. We present radio and X-ray observations of the nearby SN IIb 2013df in NGC 4414 from 10 to 250 days after the explosion. The radio emission showed a peculiar steep-to-shallow spectral evolution. We present a model in which inverse Compton cooling of synchrotron emitting electrons can account for the observed spectral and light curve evolution. A significant mass-loss rate, \dot{M}~ 8x {10}^-5^ {M}_o_ yr^-1^ for a wind velocity of 10 km s^-1^, is estimated from the detailed modeling of radio and X-ray emission, which are primarily due to synchrotron and bremsstrahlung, respectively. We show that SN 2013df is similar to SN 1993J in various ways. The shock wave speed of SN 2013df was found to be average among the radio supernovae; {v}_{sh_}/c~ 0.07. We did not find any significant deviation from smooth decline in the light curve of SN 2013df. One of the main results of our self-consistent multiband modeling is the significant deviation from energy equipartition between magnetic fields and relativistic electrons behind the shock. We estimate {epsilo}_e_=200{epsilo}_B_. In general for SNe IIb, we find that the presence of bright optical cooling envelope emission is linked with free--free radio absorption and bright thermal X-ray emission. This finding suggests that more extended progenitors, similar to that of SN 2013df, suffer from substantial mass loss in the years before the supernova. Key words: radiation mechanisms: non-thermal, radio continuum: general, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: SN 2013df, SN 1993J
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