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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-26 T16:06:44 PDT
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For refcode 2016ApJ...824...30D:
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2016ApJ...824...30D CHANG-ES. VII. Magnetic Outflows from the Virgo Cluster Galaxy NGC 4388 Damas-Segovia, A.; Beck, R.; Vollmer, B.; Wiegert, T.; Krause, M.; Irwin, J.; Wezgowiec, M.; Li, J.; Dettmar, R.-J.; English, J.; Wang, Q. D. Abstract. We investigate the effects of ram pressure on the ordered magnetic field of a galaxy hosting a radio halo and strong nuclear outflows. New radio images in total and polarized intensity of the edge-on Virgo galaxy NGC 4388 were obtained within the CHANG-ES EVLA project. The unprecedented noise level reached allows us to detect striking new features of the ordered magnetic field. The nuclear outflow extends far into the halo to about 5 kpc from the center and is spatially correlated with the {{H}}{alpha} and X-ray emission. For the first time, the southern outflow is detected. Above and below both spiral arms we find extended blobs of polarized emission with an ordered field oriented perpendicular to the disk. The synchrotron lifetime of the cosmic-ray electrons (CREs) in these regions yields a mean outflow velocity of 270+/- 70 {km} {{{s}}}^-1^, in agreement with a galactic wind scenario. The observed symmetry of the polarized halo features in NGC 4388 excludes a compression of the halo gas by the ram pressure of the intracluster medium (ICM). The assumption of equilibrium between the halo pressure and the ICM ram pressure yields an estimate of the ICM density that is consistent with both the ICM density derived from X-ray observations and the recent Planck Sunyaev--Zel'dovich measurements. The detection of a faint radio halo around cluster galaxies could thus be used for an estimate of ICM ram pressure. Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Virgo Cluster, galaxies: halos, galaxies: individual: NGC 4388, galaxies: jets, galaxies: magnetic fields, intergalactic medium
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