NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-23 T22:38:18 PDT
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For refcode 2016ApJ...826...46K:
Retrieve 22 NED objects in this reference.
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2016ApJ...826...46K The Environment of z < 1 3CR Radio Galaxies and QSOs: From Proto-clusters to Clusters of Galaxies? Kotyla, J. P.; Chiaberge, M.; Baum, S.; Capetti, A.; Hilbert, B.; Macchetto, F. D.; Miley, G. K.; O'Dea, C. P.; Perlman, E. S.; Sparks, W. B.; Tremblay, G. R. Abstract. We study the cluster environment for a sample of 21 radio loud active galactic nuclei from the 3CR catalog at z\gt 1, 12 radio galaxies (RGs) and nine quasars, with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images in the optical and IR. We use two different approaches to determine cluster candidates. We identify the early-type galaxies (ETGs) in every field by modeling each of the sources within a 40" radius of the targets with a Sersic profile. Using a simple passive evolution model, we derive the expected location of the ETGs on the red sequence (RS) in the color--magnitude diagram for each of the fields of our sources. For seven targets, the model coincides with the position of the ETGs. A second approach involves a search for over densities. We compare the object densities of the sample as a whole and individually against control fields taken from the GOODS-S region of 3D-HST survey. With this method we determine the fields of ten targets to be cluster candidates. Four cluster candidates are found by both methods. The two methods disagree in some cases, depending on the specific properties of each field. For the most distant RG in the 3CR catalog (3C 257 at z = 2.47), we identify a population of bluer ETGs that lie on the expected location of the RS model for that redshift. This appears to be the general behavior of ETGs in our fields and it is possibly a signature of the evolution of such galaxies. Our results are consistent with half of the z > 1 RGs being located in dense, rapidly evolving environments. Key words: galaxies: active, galaxies: clusters: general, galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD, galaxies: jets, quasars: general
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