NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-26 T03:01:38 PDT
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For refcode 2016ApJ...830L...3S:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2016ApJ...830L...3S Spatially Resolved HCN Absorption Features in the Circumnuclear Region of NGC 1052 Sawada-Satoh, Satoko; Roh, Duk-Gyoo; Oh, Se-Jin; Lee, Sang-Sung; Byun, Do-Young; Kameno, Seiji; Yeom, Jae-Hwan; Jung, Dong-Kyu; Kim, Hyo-Ryoung; Hwang, Ju-Yeon Abstract. We present the first VLBI detection of HCN molecular absorption in the nearby active galactic nucleus NGC 1052. Utilizing the 1 mas resolution achieved by the Korean VLBI Network, we have spatially resolved the HCN absorption against a double-sided nuclear jet structure. Two velocity features of HCN absorption are detected significantly at the radial velocity of 1656 and 1719 km s^-1^, redshifted by 149 and 212 km s^-1^ with respect to the systemic velocity of the galaxy. The column density of the HCN molecule is estimated to be 10^15^--10^16^ cm^-2^, assuming an excitation temperature of 100--230 K. The absorption features show high optical depth localized on the receding jet side, where the free--free absorption occurred due to the circumnuclear torus. The size of the foreground absorbing molecular gas is estimated to be on approximately one-parsec scales, which agrees well with the approximate size of the circumnuclear torus. HCN absorbing gas is likely to be several clumps smaller than 0.1 pc inside the circumnuclear torus. The redshifted velocities of the HCN absorption features imply that HCN absorbing gas traces ongoing infall motion inside the circumnuclear torus onto the central engine. Key words: galaxies: active, galaxies: individual: NGC 1052, galaxies: nuclei
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