NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-23 T22:36:10 PDT
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For refcode 2017ApJ...834...78M:
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2017ApJ...834...78M DUSTiNGS. III. Distribution of Intermediate-age and Old Stellar Populations in Disks and Outer Extremities of Dwarf Galaxies McQuinn, Kristen B. W.; Boyer, Martha L.; Mitchell, Mallory B.; Skillman, Evan D.; Gehrz, R. D.; Groenewegen, Martin A. T.; McDonald, Iain; Sloan, G. C.; van Loon, Jacco Th.; Whitelock, Patricia A.; Zijlstra, Albert A. Abstract. We have traced the spatial distributions of intermediate-age and old stars in nine dwarf galaxies in the distant parts of the Local Group, using multi-epoch 3.6 and 4.5 micron data from the DUST in Nearby Galaxies with Spitzer (DUSTiNGS) survey. Using complementary optical imaging from the Hubble Space Telescope, we identify the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) in the 3.6 micron photometry, separating thermally pulsating asymptotic giant branch stars from the larger red giant branch populations. Unlike the constant TRGB in the I band, at 3.6 micron, the TRGB magnitude varies by ~0.7 mag, making it unreliable as a distance indicator. The intermediate-age and old stars are well mixed in two-thirds of the sample, with no evidence of a gradient in the ratio of the intermediate-age to old stellar populations outside the central ~1'--2'. Variable AGB stars are detected in the outer extremities of the galaxies, indicating that chemical enrichment from these dust-producing stars may occur in the outer regions of galaxies with some frequency. Theories of structure formation in dwarf galaxies must account for the lack of radial gradients in intermediate-age populations and the presence of these stars in the outer extremities of dwarfs. Finally, we identify unique features in individual galaxies, such as extended tidal features in Sex A and Sag DIG and a central concentration of AGB stars in the inner regions of NGC 185 and NGC 147. Key words: galaxies: dwarf, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: fundamental parameters, galaxies: photometry, galaxies: stellar content, Local Group
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