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Date and Time of the Query: 2019-05-19 T13:00:06 PDT
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For refcode 2018ApJ...857...32B:
Retrieve 94 NED objects in this reference.
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2018ApJ...857...32B X-Ray Scaling Relations of Early-type Galaxies Babyk, Iu. V.; McNamara, B. R.; Nulsen, P. E. J.; Hogan, M. T.; Vantyghem, A. N.; Russell, H. R.; Pulido, F. A.; Edge, A. C. Abstract. X-ray luminosity, temperature, gas mass, total mass, and their scaling relations are derived for 94 early-type galaxies (ETGs) using archival Chandra X-ray Observatory observations. Consistent with earlier studies, the scaling relations, L_ X_ is proportional to T ^4.5+/-0.2^, M is proportional to T ^2.4+/-0.2^, and L_ X_ is proportional to M ^2.8+/-0.3^, are significantly steeper than expected from self-similarity. This steepening indicates that their atmospheres are heated above the level expected from gravitational infall alone. Energetic feedback from nuclear black holes and supernova explosions are likely heating agents. The tight L_ X_--T correlation for low-luminosity systems (i.e., below 10^40^ erg s^-1^) are at variance with hydrodynamical simulations, which generally predict higher temperatures for low-luminosity galaxies. We also investigate the relationship between total mass and pressure, Y_ X_ = M_ g_ x T, finding M is proportional to {Y}_X_^0.45+/- 0.04^. We explore the gas mass to total mass fraction in ETGs and find a range of 0.1%--1.0%. We find no correlation between the gas-to-total mass fraction with temperature or total mass. Higher stellar velocity dispersions and higher metallicities are found in hotter, brighter, and more massive atmospheres. X-ray core radii derived from beta-model fitting are used to characterize the degree of core and cuspiness of hot atmospheres. Key words: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD, X-rays: galaxies
Retrieve 94 NED objects in this reference.
Please click here for ADS abstract

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