NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-08-19 T18:52:51 PDT
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For refcode 2018MNRAS.480.5084H:
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Copyright by Royal Astronomical Society. 2018MNRAS.480.5084H Globular clusters versus dark matter haloes in strong lensing observations He, Qiuhan; Li, Ran; Lim, Sungsoon; Frenk, Carlos S.; Cole, Shaun; Peng, Eric W.; Wang, Qiao Abstract. Small distortions in the images of Einstein rings or giant arcs offer the exciting prospect of detecting low mass dark matter haloes or subhaloes of mass below 10^9^ M_&sun;_ (for independent haloes, the mass refers to M_200_, and for subhaloes, the mass refers to the mass within tidal radius), most of which are too small to have made a visible galaxy. A very large number of such haloes are predicted to exist in the cold dark matter model of cosmogony; in contrast, other models, such as warm dark matter, predict no haloes below a mass of this order, which depends on the properties of the warm dark matter particle. Attempting to detect these small perturbers could therefore discriminate between different kinds of dark matter particles, and even rule out the cold dark matter model altogether. Globular clusters in the lens galaxy also induce distortions in the image, which could, in principle, contaminate the test. Here, we investigate the population of globular clusters in six early-type galaxies in the Virgo cluster. We find that the number density of globular clusters of mass M_GC_ ~ 10^6^ M_&sun;_ is comparable to that of the dark matter perturbers (subhaloes in the lenses and haloes along the line of sight of comparable mass). We show that the very different degrees of mass concentration in globular clusters and dark matter haloes result in different lensing distortions. These are detectable with milli-arcsecond resolution imaging, which can distinguish between globular cluster and dark matter halo signals. Key words: gravitational lensing: strong, globular clusters: general, dark matter
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