NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-15 T14:11:25 PDT
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For refcode 2019ApJ...870...31I:
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Copyright by American Astronomical Society. Reproduced by permission
2019ApJ...870...31I BAT AGN Spectroscopic Survey. XI. The Covering Factor of Dust and Gas in Swift/BAT Active Galactic Nuclei Ichikawa, Kohei; Ricci, Claudio; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Bauer, Franz E.; Kawamuro, Taiki; Koss, Michael J.; Oh, Kyuseok; Rosario, David J.; Shimizu, T. Taro; Stalevski, Marko; Fuller, Lindsay; Packham, Christopher; Trakhtenbrot, Benny Abstract. We quantify the luminosity contribution of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) to the 12 micron, mid-infrared (MIR; 5-38 micron), and total IR (5-1000 micron) emission in the local AGNs detected in the all-sky 70 month Swift/Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) ultrahard X-ray survey. We decompose the IR spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 587 objects into the AGN and starburst components using templates for an AGN torus and a star-forming galaxy. This enables us to recover the emission from the AGN torus including the low-luminosity end, down to {log}({L}_14-150_/{erg} {{{s}}}^-1^)~= 41, which typically has significant host galaxy contamination. The sample demonstrates that the luminosity contribution of the AGN to the 12 micron, the MIR, and the total IR bands is an increasing function of the 14-150 keV luminosity. We also find that for the most extreme cases, the IR pure-AGN emission from the torus can extend up to 90 micron. The total IR AGN luminosity obtained through the IR SED decomposition enables us to estimate the fraction of the sky obscured by dust, i.e., the dust covering factor. We demonstrate that the median dust covering factor is always smaller than the median X-ray obscuration fraction above an AGN bolometric luminosity of {log}({L}_bol_}^({AGN^)}/{erg} {{{s}}}^-1^)~= 42.5. Considering that the X-ray obscuration fraction is equivalent to the covering factor coming from both the dust and gas, this indicates that an additional neutral gas component, along with the dusty torus, is responsible for the absorption of X-ray emission. Key words: galaxies: active, galaxies: nuclei, infrared: galaxies
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