NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: Sun Nov 18 08:09:25 2018PDT
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Distance Results for MESSIER 087

130 Distances found in NED

Computed Summary Statistics

NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
No homogenization or corrections have been applied.


MESSIER 087 Distance Modulus
(mag)
Metric Distance
(Mpc)
Mean 31.09 16.747
Std. Dev. 0.35 2.842
Min. 29.82 9.200
Max. 32.32 29.100
Median 31.09 16.450

Individually Referenced Moduli and Distances for MESSIER 087 (as published)

(m-M) err(m-M) D(Mpc) Method REFCODE Notes SN Name Redshift H0 (km/s/Mpc) Adopted LMC modulus
31.40 0.25 19.100 Brightest Stars 1981ApJ...247....9K Photographic, Virgo Cluster, brrightest HII regions, Avg. of 21 spiral galaxies
31.04 0.06 16.100 Cepheids 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated
31.18 0.10 17.200 Cepheids 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, K'
31.04 0.16 16.100 CMD 1982ApJ...257..527T Avg. for Virgo spiral galaxies
29.82 0.10 9.200 GCLF 1987AJ.....94..906H Photographic, TOM(B) = -6.40 mag
29.91 0.10 9.590 GCLF 1987AJ.....94..906H Photographic, TOM(B) = -6.40 mag
30.53 0.10 12.800 GCLF 2001AJ....121.2974L blue GCs, TOM(V) = -7.17 mag
30.76 0.24 14.200 GCLF 1997ApJ...483..745N
30.81 0.13 14.500 GCLF 1996A&A...309L..39K TOM(I) = -8.53 mag,Harris et al. 1991, Fornax - Virgo = +0.08 mag
30.81 0.17 14.500 GCLF 1997ApJ...487..667O
30.99 0.14 15.800 GCLF 2016MNRAS.455..820O blue GCs, TOM(V) = -7.66 mag
31.02 16.000 GCLF 2011ApJ...743..149Y
31.03 0.06 16.100 GCLF 2006MNRAS.373..588T TOM(V) = -7.41 mag(V)
31.08 0.07 16.400 GCLF 1999ApJ...513..733K 1057 GCs, TOM(V) = -7.41 mag
31.07 0.04 16.400 GCLF 2010ApJ...717..603V TOM(g) = -7.2 mag
31.09 0.04 16.500 GCLF 2007ApJS..171..101J TOM(u) = -8.4 mag
31.12 0.06 16.700 GCLF 1995ApJ...454L..73W
31.12 0.13 16.700 GCLF 1996A&A...309L..39K TOM(V) = -7.4 mag,Harris et al. 1991, Fornax - Virgo = +0.08 mag
31.12 0.04 16.700 GCLF 2010ApJ...717..603V TOM(z) = -8.53 mag
31.13 0.06 16.800 GCLF 2001AJ....121.2974L all GCs, TOM(V) = -7.63 mag
31.13 0.07 16.800 GCLF 2001AJ....121.2974L red GCs, TOM(V) = -7.55 mag
31.22 0.05 17.500 GCLF 2007ApJS..171..101J TOM(g) = -7.2 mag
31.27 0.26 17.900 GCLF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, V
31.29 0.23 18.100 GCLF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, V
31.40 0.40 19.100 GCLF 1994ApJ...422..486M
31.41 0.28 19.100 GCLF 1996ApJ...464L..51S TOM(V) = -7.62 mag
31.43 0.30 19.300 GCLF 1985AJ.....90..595V TOM(V) = -7.3 mag
31.63 0.13 21.200 GCLF 1991ApJS...76..115H
31.71 0.15 22.000 GCLF 1995ApJ...446....1S TOM(V) = -7.62 mag, Gaussian
30.90 0.15 15.100 HII LF 1988MNRAS.235..297M Virgo Cluster, 4 galaxy avg.
31.30 0.40 18.200 Novae 1990ApJ...350..110C
31.35 18.600 Novae 1995ApJ...452..704D Virgo cluster
31.40 19.100 Novae 1985ApJ...288L..41P
31.45 19.500 Novae 1987ApJ...318..507P Virgo cluster
31.57 0.43 20.600 Novae 1988ApJ...328....1S Photographic, APPARENT BLUE m-M, Virgo cluster, Avg. novae
30.71 0.10 13.900 PNLF 2002ApJ...577...31C
30.74 14.100 PNLF 2013A&A...558A..42L
30.79 0.16 14.400 PNLF 1998ApJ...492...62C 187 PNe
30.80 14.500 PNLF 2015A&A...579A.135L
30.81 0.06 14.500 PNLF 1990ApJ...356..332J 36 PNe
30.82 0.12 14.600 PNLF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated
30.86 0.25 14.900 PNLF 1992ApJ...389...27D
30.86 0.09 14.900 PNLF 1993ApJ...419..479C I
30.90 0.40 15.100 PNLF 1993A&A...275..534M
30.90 0.07 15.100 PNLF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated
30.92 0.16 15.300 PNLF 2010A&A...524A..71B M(5007) = -4.67 mag
31.28 0.06 18.000 SZ effect 2016A&A...596A.101P
30.70 0.36 13.800 SNIa 1992ApJ...390L..45P SN 1919A
31.10 0.40 16.000 SNIa 1982ApJ...254....1A Photographic SN 1919A
31.89 0.21 23.900 SNIa 1993ApJ...415....1S Photographic SN 1919A
30.87 0.10 14.900 SBF 1993ApJ...419..479C I
30.87 0.09 14.900 SBF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, Ks
31.03 0.05 16.100 SBF 1997ApJ...475..399T I
31.03 0.16 16.100 SBF 2001ApJ...546..681T I
31.03 0.16 16.100 SBF 2001MNRAS.327.1004B
31.07 0.16 16.400 SBF 2001MNRAS.327.1004B Malmquist cor.
31.09 0.06 16.500 SBF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, F814W
31.09 0.14 16.500 SBF 2013AJ....146...86T 74.4
31.11 0.08 16.700 SBF 2009ApJ...694..556B HST ACS VCS
31.15 0.12 17.000 SBF 2000ApJ...536..255N I
31.18 0.07 17.200 SBF 2007ApJ...655..144M
31.19 0.04 17.300 SBF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, I
31.22 0.16 17.500 SBF 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated, I
30.90 0.13 15.100 TRGB 2016ApJ...819...77L Lee & Jang 2016, in preparation
30.91 0.10 15.200 TRGB 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated
31.02 0.03 16.000 TRGB 2016ApJ...822...70L I
31.12 0.14 16.700 TRGB 2010A&A...524A..71B I
31.44 0.31 19.400 TRGB 2000ApJ...529..745F HST KP Calibrated
30.98 0.09 15.700 Statistical 1980ApJ...238..458M 65
31.28 0.29 18.000 Statistical 1996AN....317..197S
31.07 0.30 16.400 GC radius 2010A&A...524A..71B
31.09 0.02 16.500 GC radius 2005ApJ...634.1002J
31.12 0.07 16.800 D-Sigma 2002AJ....123.2159B Virgo Cluster, 44 galaxies 72
31.13 0.40 16.800 D-Sigma 1997ApJS..109..333W Edat, raw 75
31.15 0.40 17.000 D-Sigma 1997ApJS..109..333W Edat, cor 75
32.13 0.11 26.700 D-Sigma 1989ApJS...69..763F Malmquist Corr. 50
32.32 0.10 29.100 D-Sigma 1989ApJS...69..763F raw 50
30.93 15.300 Diameter 1991ApJ...382....1G
31.51 0.30 20.000 Diameter 1986A&A...157..230V Photographic, Virgo Cluster avg. spiral vs. Messier 031
31.71 0.52 22.000 Diameter 1986A&A...157..230V Photographic, Virgo Cluster avg. spiral vs. Milky Way
31.28 0.87 18.000 Dwarf Galaxy Diameter 2011MNRAS.414.3699M Virgo cluster, bias corr.
31.35 0.53 18.600 Dwarf Galaxy Diameter 2011MNRAS.414.3699M Virgo cluster
30.42 0.46 12.100 Faber-Jackson 1984ApJS...56...91D Michard 1979a 95
30.59 0.25 13.100 Faber-Jackson 1984ApJS...56...91D Weighted Mean 95
30.66 0.63 13.600 Faber-Jackson 1984ApJS...56...91D Michard 1979b, c 95
30.72 0.32 13.900 Faber-Jackson 1984ApJS...56...91D de Vaucouleurs 95
31.08 0.32 16.400 Faber-Jackson 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, I 88
31.09 0.33 16.500 Faber-Jackson 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, R 88
31.11 0.33 16.700 Faber-Jackson 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, BRI mean 88
31.15 17.000 Faber-Jackson 1980AJ.....85..801S
31.18 0.37 17.200 Faber-Jackson 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, B 88
31.54 1.61 20.300 Faber-Jackson 1984ApJS...56...91D Visvanathan & Sandage 1979 55
30.76 0.23 14.200 FP 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, R 88
30.78 0.25 14.300 FP 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, B 88
30.79 0.23 14.400 FP 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, BRI mean 88
30.85 0.22 14.800 FP 1989ApJ...344L..57P Virgo cluster, 5 galaxies, I 88
31.16 0.41 17.100 FP 2001MNRAS.327.1004B
31.31 18.300 FP 2000ApJ...529..768K
31.34 0.41 18.500 FP 2001MNRAS.327.1004B Malmquist cor.
31.62 21.100 FP 1999MNRAS.304..595G
30.85 0.20 14.800 Magnitude 1982MNRAS.201..145H Virgo CLUSTER
30.79 14.400 Sosies 1986ApJ...308..487D Virgo Cluster, vs. Messier 031 m-M = 24.07 mag
30.49 0.25 12.500 Tertiary 1984ApJS...56...91D 95
31.95 0.15 24.500 Tertiary 2002AJ....123.1179S Virgo Cluster
31.13 0.80 16.800 Tully est 1988NBGC.C....0000T B 75
30.60 0.20 13.200 Tully-Fisher 1977A&A....54..661T Virgo Cluster, Avg. of 13 spiral galaxies
30.65 0.40 13.500 Tully-Fisher 1977A&A....54..661T Virgo Cluster, Avg. of 8 spiral galaxies, Diameter relation
30.80 0.40 14.500 Tully-Fisher 1977A&A....54..661T Virgo Cluster, Avg. of 11 spiral galaxies, Diameter relation
30.83 0.14 14.700 Tully-Fisher 2013ApJ...765...94S Virgo cluster, avg. of 24 spiral galaxies 75
30.91 0.16 15.200 Tully-Fisher 2016AJ....152...50T Virgo cluster 75
30.94 0.12 15.400 Tully-Fisher 2014MNRAS.444..527S Virgo cluster, avg. of 24 spiral galaxies 75
30.96 0.20 15.600 Tully-Fisher 1988ApJ...330..579P Virgo cluster core 85
30.97 0.40 15.600 Tully-Fisher 1992ApJS...80..479T Virgo cluster at 15.6 Mpc, Avg. of 92 galaxy group
31.01 0.11 15.900 Tully-Fisher 2012ApJ...749...78T Virgo CLUSTER 75
31.03 0.17 16.100 Tully-Fisher 1988ApJ...330..579P Virgo cluster 85
31.03 0.14 16.100 Tully-Fisher 2016AJ....152...50T Virgo cluster, color corrected 75
31.04 0.12 16.200 Tully-Fisher 2014ApJ...792..129N Virgo CLUSTER, 30 galaxies, WISE W2 (4.6 micro-meter), color corrected 74.4
31.05 0.12 16.200 Tully-Fisher 2014ApJ...792..129N Virgo CLUSTER, 30 galaxies, WISE W1 (3.4 micro-meter), color corrected 74.4
31.08 0.11 16.400 Tully-Fisher 1983ApJ...265....1A 80
31.10 0.11 16.600 Tully-Fisher 2014ApJ...792..129N Virgo CLUSTER, 30 galaxies, WISE I-band 74.4
31.12 0.08 16.800 Tully-Fisher 2014ApJ...792..129N Virgo CLUSTER, 30 galaxies, WISE W2 (4.6 micro-meter), curved 74.4
31.13 0.08 16.800 Tully-Fisher 1984ApJ...281...31T
31.14 0.08 16.900 Tully-Fisher 2014ApJ...792..129N Virgo CLUSTER, 30 galaxies, WISE W1 (3.4 micro-meter), curved 74.4
31.15 0.57 17.000 Tully-Fisher 1999Ap.....42...25B Virgo cluster
31.28 0.14 18.000 Tully-Fisher 2001A&A...375..770F Virgo Cluster, 51 spiral galaxies
31.30 0.20 18.200 Tully-Fisher 1990AuJPh..43..189V Virgo cluster, Avg. spiral galaxies
31.34 0.15 18.500 Tully-Fisher 1985PASAu...6..140V Virgo Cluster, Avg. of 25 spiral galaxies
31.47 0.34 19.700 Tully-Fisher 1984Natur.307..326S Virgo Cluster, 17 spirals avg.
31.58 0.24 20.700 Tully-Fisher 1998ApJ...495..115F Virgo cluster, 49 spirals 55
32.06 0.31 25.800 Tully-Fisher 1984A&A...132..253R Virgo Cluster 53.9

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