Date and Time of the Query: 2022-01-22 T00:37:26 PST
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object KDG 178

1 objects found in NED.    


 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1   *SDSS J124010.08+323930.4       12h40m10.0s +32d39m32s G         759  0.002532      17.55    ...    20     0    9    9     7    4     0 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object

Object No. 1 - SDSS J124010.08+323930.4

INDEX for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):

9 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
Redshift-Independent Distances
20 Reference(s)   
9 Position data point(s)
7 Redshift data point(s)   
4 Diameter data point(s)   

ESSENTIAL NOTE for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4 (Back to INDEX)
Multiple SDSS entries describe this source.                                     

CROSS-IDENTIFICATIONS for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4 (Back to INDEX)
Object Names Type Object Names Type
SDSS J124010.08+323930.4* PGC 042413 G
KDG 178 G LEDA 100706 G
PGC1 0042637 NED010 G HIJASS J1240+32 G
AGC 224207 RadioS[R94] 123741.0+325500 G
BTS 147 G [KVB99] 29 G
MAPS-NGP O_268_1936132 G WSRT-CVn [KOV2009] 06 RadioS
NGP9 F268-1940214 G    
NSA 141838 G    

COORDINATES for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4 (Back to INDEX)

Position Reference:1996PrivC.U..S....O

Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                       (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
Equatorial (B1950.0)  189.431500   32.933111  12h37m43.56s  +32d55m59.2s  2.50E+00  2.50E+00    0
Equatorial (J2000.0)  190.041833   32.658777  12h40m10.04s  +32d39m31.6s  2.50E+00  2.50E+00    0
Ecliptic   (B1950.0)  173.787254   33.607201                              2.50E+00  2.50E+00    0
Ecliptic   (J2000.0)  174.490100   33.607372                              2.50E+00  2.50E+00    0
Galactic              146.072098   83.954866                              2.50E+00  2.50E+00    0
SuperGalactic          83.998247    5.372622                              2.50E+00  2.50E+00    0
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
9 Position data point(s)


TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
HierarchyDDwarf, within FOV of cluster...1990A&A...228...42B
KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1999A&AS..135..255K
3 Detailed Classification(s)

Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
Aλ [mag]0.0650.0540.0410.0320.0220.0630.0490.0340.0250.0190.0110.0070.0040.002
Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
Aλ [mag]0.0800.0630.0490.0390.0280.0750.0560.0400.0310.0220.0130.0080.0050.002

Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
(Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
AB = 0.030 mag
See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

BASIC DATA for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4 (Back to INDEX)
Helio. Radial Velocity     :       759 +/-        6 km/s      
Redshift                   :  0.002532 +/- 0.000020        2013MNRAS.428.1790W
Major Diameter (arcmin)    :  0.8 
Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :  0.4 
Magnitude and Filter       : 17.55
Classifications            : Dwarf               

NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
      redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
      their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
      from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
      orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
      general properties of the object in question. They are not
      averages nor are they standardized in any way.
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
7 Redshift data point(s)      9 photometric data point(s)      4 Diameter data point(s)      

QUANTITIES DERIVED FROM REDSHIFT for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4 (Details)(Back to INDEX)
Calculated and Corrected Velocities
V (Heliocentric)           :     759 +/-      6 km/s      2013MNRAS.428.1790W
V (Kinematic LSR)          :     767 +/-      6 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
V (Galactocentric GSR)     :     779 +/-      6 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Local Group)            :     757 +/-      6 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
V (3K CMB)                 :    1022 +/-     19 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
V (Virgo Infall only)      :     740 +/-      6 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA only)        :     806 +/-      8 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :     810 +/-      8 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M

Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    10.7 +/-    0.8 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.14 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Local Group)            :    10.4 +/-    0.7 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.08 +/- 0.15 mag
D (3K CMB)                 :    14.0 +/-    1.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.73 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo Infall only)      :    10.1 +/-    0.7 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.03 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA only)        :    11.0 +/-    0.8 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.22 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    11.1 +/-    0.8 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.23 +/- 0.15 mag

Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :      52 pc/arcsec =  0.052 kpc/arcsec =   3.10 kpc/arcmin =   0.19 Mpc/degree
Scale (Local Group)        :      50 pc/arcsec =  0.050 kpc/arcsec =   3.02 kpc/arcmin =   0.18 Mpc/degree
Scale (3K CMB)             :      68 pc/arcsec =  0.068 kpc/arcsec =   4.07 kpc/arcmin =   0.24 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :      49 pc/arcsec =  0.049 kpc/arcsec =   2.95 kpc/arcmin =   0.18 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :      54 pc/arcsec =  0.054 kpc/arcsec =   3.21 kpc/arcmin =   0.19 Mpc/degree
Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):      54 pc/arcsec =  0.054 kpc/arcsec =   3.23 kpc/arcmin =   0.19 Mpc/degree

To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 30.993 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 759 km/sec
Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.003409 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 14 Mpc (m-M) = 30.74 mag Angular-Size Distance : 13.9 Mpc (m-M) = 30.72 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 14 Mpc (m-M) = 30.73 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 14 Mpc (m-M) = 30.73 mag Co-Moving Volume : 1.15e-05 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.046 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.003409 : 13.253 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 68 pc/arcsec = 0.068 kpc/arcsec = 4.06 kpc/arcmin = 0.24 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.98648; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.01478 mag
To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities


The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
Visualm_23.5 (103a-E) 17.19 +/- 0.21 mag 1995AJ....110.2009O-13.55 +/- 0.54 [mag] 1.16E+07 +/- 3.39E+06
NOTE: The above quantities are derived using a Distance Modulus of 30.74 mag corresponding to
a Luminosity Distance of 14.0 Mpc [assuming 10%uncertainty] using the Cosmology-Corrected Quantities.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

View details and SED for 9 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.


The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

Passband Apparent Major Axis
(2a) [arcsec]
Apparent Minor Axis
(2b) [arcsec]
Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
(2a) [kpc]
Physical Minor Axis
(2b) [kpc]
r (SDSS Isophotal) 2.712.66178 25.0 mag arcsec^-2^ 2007SDSS6.C...0000:0.150.14
NOTE: At z <= 0.5, physical diameters are derived using a Scale at the Hubble Flow Distance (Virgo + GA + Shapley) of 0.054 kpc/arcsec.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

View details for 4 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

EXTERNAL ARCHIVES AND SERVICES for SDSS J124010.08+323930.4 Help (Back to INDEX)
Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- SDSS J124010.08+323930.4SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
SDSS Sky Server
Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 042413 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 042413 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 100706 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- SDSS J124010.08+323930.4GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- SDSS J124010.08+323930.4NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Resources for position 12h40m10.0s, +32d39m32s (J2000)Site/Service
Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
SDSS Sky Server
Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
 Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    Size:     GIF     FITS File  
Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters
The NRAO Data Archive System

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