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Date and Time of the Query: 2022-01-18 T00:27:44 PST
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object MESSIER 104


1 objects found in NED.    

SOURCE LIST

 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1    MESSIER 104                    12h39m59.4s -11d37m23s G        1024  0.003416       8.98    ...   981    25  356   75    36    7     0 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object


Object No. 1 - MESSIER 104

INDEX for MESSIER 104
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Cross-IDs    
   Coordinates    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Classifications
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):
  • Images
  • 356 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
  • Spectra   
    Redshift-Independent Distances
    981 Reference(s)   
    75 Position data point(s)
    36 Redshift data point(s)   
    7 Diameter data point(s)   
    25 Note(s)   
    RC3 data    

    ESSENTIAL NOTE for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)
    N/A

    CROSS-IDENTIFICATIONS for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)
    Object Names Type Object Names Type
    MESSIER 104G CXOU J123959.45-113722.8 XrayS
    NGC 4594 G CXOGSG J123959.4-113722 XrayS
    UGCA 293 G CXOKMZ J123959.4-113722 XrayS
    MCG -02-32-020 G 1RXS J123959.8-113725 XrayS
    Sombrero Galaxy G 1RXP J123959.2-113731 XrayS
    2MASX J12395949-1137230 IrS 2XMM J123959.4-113722 XrayS
    2MASXi J1239589-113725 IrS 2XMMp J123959.4-113722 XrayS
    2MASS J12395943-1137226 IrS XMMU J123959.47-113722.4 XrayS
    IRAS 12373-1120 IrS CXO J123959.42-113723.3 XrayS
    IRAS F12374-1120 IrS [dML87] 660 G
    CGS 406 G [MHH96] J123959-113716 XrayS
    6dF J1239594-113723 RadioS[VCV2001] J123959.3-113723 G
    LDCE 0904 NED215 G NGC 4594:[DKV2003] X060 XrayS
    PGC1 0042407 NED001 G NGC 4594:[LB2005] X01 XrayS
    LQAC 189-011 005 G [VCV2006] J123959.3-113723 G
    GLADE 0004242 G [HRT2007] J123959-113709 RadioS
    NSA 141830 G NGC 4594:[KMZ2007] T11-001 XrayS
    PGC 042407 G NGC 4594:[LWH2007] XA 096 XrayS
    SSTSL2 J123959.44-113723.1 IrS NGC 4594:[LWH2007] XP 033 XrayS
    11HUGS 299 G [GMM2009b] 52 G
    PMN J1239-1137 RadioSNGC 4594:[LSJ2010] 1-194 XrayS
    NVSS J123959-113723 RadioSNGC 4594:[LSJ2010] 2-122 XrayS
    AT20G J123959-113721 RadioSNGC 4594:[LSJ2010] 3-184 XrayS
    CRATES J1239-1137 RadioSNGC 4594:[LSJ2010] 4-139 XrayS
    CRATES J123959.44-113723.1 RadioS[MSC2011] J123959.23-113722.7 G
    Cul 1237-114 RadioSNGC 4594:[L2011a] X0001 XrayS
    ICRF J123959.4-113722 RadioS[AHG2014] B187 G
    IERS B1237-113 RadioS[MGD2014] 1237.3-1121 RadioS
    VCS4 J1239-1137 RadioSNGC 4594:[WLQ2016] X0001 XrayS
    OCARS 1237-113 RadioSNGC 4594:[LET2019] 172 XrayS
    CXO J123959.4-113722 XrayS NGC 4594:[LMD2020a] a RadioS
    CXOU J123959.44-113722.7 XrayS    
    CXOU J123959.44-113722.8 XrayS    
         

    COORDINATES for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)

    Position Reference:2006AJ....131.1872P

    Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                           (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
    Equatorial (B1950.0) 189.3474449 -11.3485984 12h37m23.3868s -11d20m54.954s  5.30E-03  1.93E-03    0
    Equatorial (J2000.0) 189.9976325 -11.6230544 12h39m59.4318s -11d37m22.996s  5.30E-03  1.93E-03    0
    Ecliptic   (B1950.0) 193.0586366  -6.7288343                              5.30E-03  1.93E-03  157
    Ecliptic   (J2000.0) 193.7564668  -6.7308789                              5.30E-03  1.93E-03  157
    Galactic             298.4605515  51.1492904                              5.30E-03  1.93E-03  176
    SuperGalactic        126.6907522  -6.6800089                              5.30E-03  1.93E-03  105
    
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    75 Position data point(s)

    REDSHIFT-INDEPENDENT DISTANCES for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)

    31 Distances found in NED View 31 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for MESSIER 104

    Summary Statistics computed by NED from 31 Distance(s) in the literature:
    NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
    they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
    No homogenization or corrections have been applied.


    MESSIER 104 Distance Modulus
    (mag)
    Metric Distance
    (Mpc)
    Mean 30.16 11.219
    Std. Dev. 0.61 3.592
    Min. 28.97 6.220
    Max. 31.68 21.700
    Median 29.99 9.950

    CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES, ATTRIBUTES) for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)
    TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
    HierarchyGRGroup member, radial-velocity confirmed...1992A&AS...93..211F
    KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1977ApJ...214..383F
    Luminosity Class1.0LC I...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    Galaxy MorphologySA(s)a edge-onSA(s)a edge-on...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    Activity Typeunobscured Seyfert 2unobscured Seyfert 2...2002A&A...394..435P
    Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...1988NBGC.C....0000T
    42 Detailed Classification(s)


    FOREGROUND GALACTIC EXTINCTION for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)
    Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
    of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
    The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
    the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
    Aλ [mag]0.2210.1850.1400.1110.0770.2170.1690.1170.0870.0650.0360.0230.0150.008
    Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
    For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
    Aλ [mag]0.2780.2210.1700.1370.0990.2640.1940.1410.1070.0760.0460.0290.0190.008


    Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
    (Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
    AB = 0.120 mag
    See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

    BASIC DATA for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)
    Helio. Radial Velocity     :      1024 +/-        5 km/s      
    Redshift                   :  0.003416 +/- 0.000017        2011MNRAS.414..739N
    Major Diameter (arcmin)    :   8.7
    Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :   3.5
    Magnitude and Filter       :  8.98
    Classifications            : SA(s)a;LINER   Sy1.9
    
    NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
          redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
          their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
          from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
          orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
          general properties of the object in question. They are not
          averages nor are they standardized in any way.
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    36 Redshift data point(s)      356 photometric data point(s)      7 Diameter data point(s)      

    QUANTITIES DERIVED FROM REDSHIFT for MESSIER 104 (Details)(Back to INDEX)
    Calculated and Corrected Velocities
    V (Heliocentric)           :    1024 +/-      5 km/s      2011MNRAS.414..739N
    V (Kinematic LSR)          :    1025 +/-      5 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
    V (Galactocentric GSR)     :     904 +/-      7 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    V (Local Group)            :     828 +/-     13 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
    V (3K CMB)                 :    1368 +/-     25 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
    V (Virgo Infall only)      :     955 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA only)        :     930 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :     926 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    
    Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
    D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    12.4 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.46 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Local Group)            :    11.3 +/-    0.8 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.27 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (3K CMB)                 :    18.7 +/-    1.4 Mpc      (m-M) = 31.36 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo Infall only)      :    13.1 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.58 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA only)        :    12.7 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.53 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    12.7 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.52 +/- 0.15 mag
    
    Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
    Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :      60 pc/arcsec =  0.060 kpc/arcsec =   3.60 kpc/arcmin =   0.22 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Local Group)        :      55 pc/arcsec =  0.055 kpc/arcsec =   3.30 kpc/arcmin =   0.20 Mpc/degree
    Scale (3K CMB)             :      91 pc/arcsec =  0.091 kpc/arcsec =   5.45 kpc/arcmin =   0.33 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :      63 pc/arcsec =  0.063 kpc/arcsec =   3.81 kpc/arcmin =   0.23 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :      62 pc/arcsec =  0.062 kpc/arcsec =   3.71 kpc/arcmin =   0.22 Mpc/degree
    Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):      62 pc/arcsec =  0.062 kpc/arcsec =   3.69 kpc/arcmin =   0.22 Mpc/degree
    
    
    To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
    Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 27.096 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 1024 km/sec
    Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.004562 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 18.8 Mpc (m-M) = 31.37 mag Angular-Size Distance : 18.6 Mpc (m-M) = 31.35 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 18.7 Mpc (m-M) = 31.36 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 18.7 Mpc (m-M) = 31.36 mag Co-Moving Volume : 2.75e-05 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.061 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.004562 : 13.238 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 90 pc/arcsec = 0.090 kpc/arcsec = 5.42 kpc/arcmin = 0.33 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.98196; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.01977 mag
    To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
    HoΩmatterΩvacuum     
    Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities

    QUICK-LOOK PHOTOMETRY and LUMINOSITIES for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)

    The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
    Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
    Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
    Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

    Spectral
    Region
    Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
    X-Ray0.2-4 keV (EINSTEIN) 29.24E-13 ergs sec^-1^ cm^-2^ 1992ApJS...80..531F 4.40E+33 [W] 1.15E+07
    UltravioletNUV (GALEX) AB 12.57 +/- 0.03 mag 2011ApJS..192....6L-17.59 +/- 0.29 [mag] 1.72E+09 +/- 2.03E+08
    VisualI 4.30 Jy 2007ApJ...655..863D 2.40E+37 [W] 6.23E+10
    Near-InfraredH_tot (2MASS LGA) 5.207 +/- 0.015 mag 2003AJ....125..525J-24.95 +/- 0.29 [mag] 6.03E+10 +/- 6.99E+09
    Mid-Infrared5.8 microns (IRAC) 2315.8 +/- 75.0 milliJy 2007AJ....133..791S 1.83E+36 +/- 2.18E+35 [W] 4.75E+09 +/- 5.68E+08
    Far-InfraredFIR (IRAS) 4.27E-13 W m^-2^ 1988ApJS...68...91R 6.45E+35 [W] 1.68E+09
    Sub-Millimeter350 microns (SPIRE) 1.21E+1 +/- 0.09E+1 Jy 2012ApJ...745...95D 1.56E+35 +/- 2.14E+34 [W] 4.06E+08 +/- 5.56E+07
    Millimeter1200 microns (MAMBO) 0.442 Jy 2008A&A...485L..25V 1.66E+33 [W] 4.33E+06
    Radio80 MHz 5. Jy 1995AuJPh..48..143S 6.02E+30 [W] 1.57E+04
    NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (30.16 +/- 0.61) mag corresponding to
    a Metric Distance of (11.219 +/- 3.592) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

    View details and SED for 356 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.

    QUICK-LOOK ANGULAR & PHYSICAL DIAMETERS for MESSIER 104 (Back to INDEX)

    The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

    Passband Apparent Major Axis
    (2a) [arcsec]
    Apparent Minor Axis
    (2b) [arcsec]
    PA
    [degrees]
    (J2000.0)
    Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
    (2a) [kpc]
    Physical Minor Axis
    (2b) [kpc]
    RC3 D_0 (blue) 534.80...... 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1991RC3.9.C...0000d29.09...
    K_s (LGA/2MASS "total") 594.20320.8787 Diameter for "total" magnitude 2003AJ....125..525J2003AJ....125..525J32.3217.45
    NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.0544 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (11.219 +/- 3.592) Mpc.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

    View details for 7 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

    EXTERNAL ARCHIVES AND SERVICES for MESSIER 104 Help (Back to INDEX)
    Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
    Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- MESSIER 104SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
    Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 4594 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG -02-32-020 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J12395949-1137230 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASXi J1239589-113725 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F12374-1120 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Query 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey -- 6dF J1239594-113723 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey
    Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 042407 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 042407 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
    Parkes-MIT-NRAO 4.85GHz Surveys -- PMN J1239-1137 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 104GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
    Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 104NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Resources for position 12h39m59.4s, -11d37m23s (J2000)Site/Service
    Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
    Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
    Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
     Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    The NRAO Data Archive System

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