NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE
Date and Time of the Query: 2018-08-14 T14:33:37 PDT
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object MESSIER 031


1 objects found in NED.    

SOURCE LIST

 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1    MESSIER 031                    00h42m44.3s +41d16m09s G        -300 -0.001001       4.36    ...  4412    23  147   25    31    7     2 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object


Object No. 1 - MESSIER 031

INDEX for MESSIER 031
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Cross-IDs    
   Coordinates    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Classifications
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):

Images
   
147 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
Spectra   
Redshift-Independent Distances
4412 Reference(s)   
25 Position data point(s)
31 Redshift data point(s)   
7 Diameter data point(s)   
23 Note(s)   
2 Association(s)   
UGC data    
RC3 data    

ESSENTIAL NOTE for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)
N/A

CROSS-IDENTIFICATIONS for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)
Object Names Type Object Names Type
MESSIER 031G CXO J004244.3+411608 XrayS
NGC 0224 G CXOM31 J004244.3+411608 XrayS
Andromeda Galaxy G RX J0042.6+4115 XrayS
UGC 00454 G 1RXS J004241.8+411535 XrayS
CGCG 535-017 G MAXI J0043+410 XrayS
CGCG 0040.0+4100 G 2PBC J0042.6+4111 XrayS
MCG +07-02-016 G XMMLPt 1010 XrayS
GIN 801 G XMMM31 J004244.1+411607 XrayS
B3 0040+409 RadioS2XMM J004244.5+411611 XrayS
2MASX J00424433+4116074 IrS 2XMMp J004244.4+411612 XrayS
IRAS 00400+4059 IrS EXSS 0039.9+4059 XrayS
IRAS F00400+4059 IrS 1H 0039+408 XrayS
KTG 01C G 1ES 0039+409 XrayS
LDCE 0031 NED007 G XSS J00425+4102 XrayS
HDCE 0029 NED003 G 2FGL J0042.5+4114 GammaS
LQAC 010+041 001 G [PFJ93] 44 XrayS
HOLM 017A G [SPB93] 010 G
NSA 127580 G LGG 011:[G93] 001 G
PGC 002557 G [MHH96] J004241+411531 XrayS
UZC J004244.3+411608 G [VCV2001] J004244.3+411610 G
11HUGS 013 G MESSIER 031:[KGP2002] r1-010 V*
87GB 004002.2+405940 RadioSMESSIER 031:[PFH2005] 321 XrayS
87GB[BWE91] 0040+4059 RadioSMESSIER 031:[VG2007] 001 XrayS
6C B004001.6+410004 RadioS    
MY 0040+409A RadioS    
CXO J004244.2+411608 XrayS    

COORDINATES for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)

Position Reference:2010ApJS..189...37E

Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                       (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
Equatorial (B1950.0)  10.0004738  40.9952444 00h40m00.1137s +40d59m42.880s  8.00E-02  8.00E-02    0
Equatorial (J2000.0)  10.6847929  41.2690650 00h42m44.3503s +41d16m08.634s  8.00E-02  8.00E-02    0
Ecliptic   (B1950.0)  27.1545055  33.3454198                              8.00E-02  8.00E-02    0
Ecliptic   (J2000.0)  27.8493889  33.3488556                              8.00E-02  8.00E-02    0
Galactic             121.1744050 -21.5729360                              8.00E-02  8.00E-02    0
SuperGalactic        336.1933604  12.5521171                              8.00E-02  8.00E-02    0
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
25 Position data point(s)

REDSHIFT-INDEPENDENT DISTANCES for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)

398 Distances found in NED View 398 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for MESSIER 031

Summary Statistics computed by NED from 398 Distance(s) in the literature:
NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
No homogenization or corrections have been applied.


MESSIER 031 Distance Modulus
(mag)
Metric Distance
(Mpc)
Mean 24.46 0.784
Std. Dev. 0.23 0.121
Min. 23.22 0.440
Max. 27.24 2.800
Median 24.45 0.776

CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES, ATTRIBUTES) for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)
TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
HierarchyTin a triple...1937AnLun...6....1H
KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1975MNRAS.170..503D
Luminosity Class3.0LC II...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Galaxy MorphologySA(s)bSA(s)b...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...2002ApJ...565..681R
198 Detailed Classification(s)


FOREGROUND GALACTIC EXTINCTION for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)
Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.
WARNING: This position is 0.005 arc minutes from the center of Messier 31. The value of E(B-V) is not derived from the IRAS/COBE extinction maps.
See SFD98.
L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
Aλ [mag]0.2690.2250.1700.1340.0930.2630.2050.1420.1050.0780.0440.0280.0190.009
Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values: WARNING: This position is 0.005 arc minutes from the center of Messier 31. The value of E(B-V) is not derived from the IRAS/COBE extinction maps.
See SFD98.
L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
Aλ [mag]0.3370.2680.2060.1660.1200.3200.2350.1710.1290.0920.0560.0360.0230.009


Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
(Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
AB = 0.300 mag
See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

BASIC DATA for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)
Helio. Radial Velocity     :      -300 +/-        4 km/s      
Redshift                   : -0.001001 +/- 0.000013        1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Major Diameter (arcmin)    : 190  
Minor Diameter (arcmin)    : 60   
Magnitude and Filter       :  4.36
Classifications            : SA(s)b         LINER

NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
      redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
      their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
      from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
      orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
      general properties of the object in question. They are not
      averages nor are they standardized in any way.
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
31 Redshift data point(s)      147 photometric data point(s)      7 Diameter data point(s)      

QUANTITIES DERIVED FROM REDSHIFT for MESSIER 031 (Details)(Back to INDEX)
Calculated and Corrected Velocities
V (Heliocentric)           :    -300 +/-      4 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Kinematic LSR)          :    -296 +/-      4 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
V (Galactocentric GSR)     :    -122 +/-      8 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Local Group)            :     -34 +/-     16 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
V (3K CMB)                 :    -585 +/-     20 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
V (Virgo Infall only)      :     -36 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA only)        :     -33 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :     -33 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M

Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    FLOW MODEL DOES NOT APPLY
D (Local Group)            :     N/A   
D (3K CMB)                 :     N/A   
D (Virgo Infall only)      :     N/A   
D (Virgo + GA only)        :     N/A   
D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :     N/A   

Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :     N/A 
Scale (Local Group)        :     N/A 
Scale (3K CMB)             :     N/A 
Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :     N/A 
Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :     N/A 
Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):     N/A 

To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
Search for Objects within +/-arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = -300 km/sec
Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift -0.003329 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Cosmology Computations unstable or undefined

QUICK-LOOK PHOTOMETRY and LUMINOSITIES for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)

The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

Spectral
Region
Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
Gamma-Ray0.1-100 GeV (Fermi) 6.5E-12 +/- 1.3E-12 erg/cm^2^/s 2012ApJS..199...31N 4.78E+31 +/- 9.55E+30 [W] 1.24E+05 +/- 2.48E+04
X-Ray0.2-4.5 keV (XMM) 4.8E-13 +/- 8E-15 milliW/m^2^ 2005A&A...434..483P 3.53E+30 +/- 8.03E+28 [W] 9.18E+03 +/- 2.09E+02
UltravioletNUV (GALEX) AB 8.00 +/- 0.01 mag 2007ApJS..173..185G-16.46 +/- 0.04 [mag] 5.78E+08 +/- 1.04E+07
VisualV (V_T^0) 2.68 mag 1991RC3.9.C...0000d-21.78 [mag] 3.19E+10
Near-InfraredH_tot (2MASS LGA) 1.283 +/- 0.017 mag 2003AJ....125..525J-23.18 +/- 0.04 [mag] 1.09E+10 +/- 2.42E+08
Mid-Infrared12 microns (IRAS) 163.23 +/- 15 % Jy 1988ApJS...68...91R 3.00E+35 +/- 4.53E+34 [W] 7.79E+08 +/- 1.18E+08
Far-InfraredFIR (IRAS) 5.43E-11 W m^-2^ 1988ApJS...68...91R 3.98E+35 [W] 1.03E+09
Radio1.4 GHz (VLA) 8600.0 milliJy 2002AJ....124..675C 8.85E+29 [W] 2.30E+03
NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (24.46 +/- 0.23) mag corresponding to
a Metric Distance of (0.784 +/- 0.121) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

View details and SED for 147 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.

QUICK-LOOK ANGULAR & PHYSICAL DIAMETERS for MESSIER 031 (Back to INDEX)

The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

Passband Apparent Major Axis
(2a) [arcsec]
Apparent Minor Axis
(2b) [arcsec]
PA
[degrees]
(J2000.0)
Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
(2a) [kpc]
Physical Minor Axis
(2b) [kpc]
RC3 D_0 (blue) 12250.40...... 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1991RC3.9.C...0000d46.56...
K_s (LGA/2MASS "total") 6200.003472.0045 Diameter for "total" magnitude 2003AJ....125..525J2003AJ....125..525J23.5713.20
NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.0038 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (0.784 +/- 0.121) Mpc.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

View details for 7 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

EXTERNAL ARCHIVES AND SERVICES for MESSIER 031 Help (Back to INDEX)
Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- MESSIER 031SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 0224 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 00454 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 535-017 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +07-02-016 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
The Third Bologna Survey -- B3 0040+409 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J00424433+4116074 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
IRAS Point Source Catalog -- IRAS 00400+4059 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F00400+4059 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 002557 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 002557 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 031GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 031NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Resources for position 00h42m44.3s, +41d16m09s (J2000)Site/Service
Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
Explore resources with DataScope (15 arcmin search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
 Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
The NRAO Data Archive System

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