Date and Time of the Query: 2022-01-21 T04:14:26 PST
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object MESSIER 087

1 objects found in NED.    


 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1    MESSIER 087                    12h30m49.4s +12d23m28s G        1284  0.004283       9.59    ...  3146    55  503  104    65   14     1 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object

Object No. 1 - MESSIER 087

Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):
  • Images
  • 503 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
  • Spectra   
    Redshift-Independent Distances
    3146 Reference(s)   
    104 Position data point(s)
    65 Redshift data point(s)   
    14 Diameter data point(s)   
    55 Note(s)   
    1 Association(s)   
    UGC data    
    PKS data    
    RC3 data    


    Object Names Type Object Names Type
    MESSIER 087G ICRF2 J123049.4+122328 G
    NGC 4486 G IERS B1228+126 RadioS
    Virgo A RadioSVERA J1230+1223 RadioS
    UGC 07654 G OCARS 1228+126 RadioS
    ARP 152 G PLCKERC030 G283.75+74.54 RadioS
    VCC 1316 G RGB J1230+123 RadioS
    VPC 0771 G WMAP 165 RadioS
    CGCG 070-139 G WMAP J1230+1223 RadioS
    CGCG 1228.3+1240 G WMAP J123051+1223 RadioS
    MCG +02-32-105 G NEWPS_5yr_5s 282 RadioS
    GIN 800 G NEWPS_5yr_5s_15 273 RadioS
    3C 274 RadioSQVW5 J123049+1223 RadioS
    4C +12.45 RadioSQVW7 J123049+122327 RadioS
    PKS 1228+12 RadioSWMAP3-NEWPS-5S 164 RadioS
    WISEA J123049.43+122328.0 IrS EVCC 0786 G
    2MASX J12304942+1223279 IrS 2CXO J123049.4+122327 XrayS
    2MASS J12304942+1223278 IrS RX J1230.8+1223 XrayS
    SDSS J123049.41+122328.1 G IGR J12310+1221 XrayS
    GALEX J123049.4+122328 UvES 1H 1226+128 XrayS
    IRAS 12282+1240 IrS 1ES 1228+126 XrayS
    IRAS F12282+1240 IrS 3FHL J1230.8+1223 GammaS
    LDCE 0904 NED157 G 2FGL J1230.8+1224 GammaS
    HDCE 0720 NED132 G 1FGL J1230.8+1223 GammaS
    USGC U490 NED164 G VER J1230+123 GammaS
    PGC1 0041220 NED003 G 4FGL J1230.8+1223 GammaS
    LQAC 187+012 009 G TeV J1230+123 GammaS
    ACSVCS 002 G 9Y-MST J1230+1221 GammaS
    [BEC2010] HRS 183 G [VE75] CL 1228+12 RadioS
    NSA 141541 G [KWP81] 1228+12 RadioS
    MaNGA 41-000308 G [dML87] 747 G
    PGC 041361 G LGG 289:[G93] 012 G
    SSTSL2 J123049.41+122328.1 IrS [M98j] 174 NED140 G
    UZC J123049.3+122327 G RX J1230.7+1220:[CAE99] G
    PKS B1228+126 RadioS[VCV2001] J123049.5+122328 G
    PKS J1230+1223 RadioS[TH2002] 001 G
    MRC 1228+126 RadioS[SGT2004] J123049.24+122334.5 XrayS
    MG1 J123048+1223 RadioS[FCJ2006] 002 G
    87GB 122819.0+124029 RadioS[VCV2006] J123049.5+122328 G
    87GB[BWE91] 1228+1240 RadioS[CW2008] J123049+122251 RadioS
    [WB92] 1228+1240 RadioS[PJC2008] 002 G
    VLSS J1230.8+1223 RadioS[RG2008] J187.70591+12.39114 G
    VSOP J1230+1223 RadioS[DFD2009] J1230+1223 RadioS
    FAUST 3191 UvES [GMM2009b] 46 G
    FAUST V088 UvES [GBW2010] CoNFIG1 137 RadioS
    EUVE J1230+12.3 UvES RSCG 61:[WBJ2013] A G
    UITBOC 1719 VisS [AHG2014] B089 G
    DA 325 RadioS[LSJ2017] J1230+1223 RadioS
    NRAO 0401 RadioS    
    Cul 1228+126 RadioS    
    CoNFIG 139 RadioS    
    CoNFIG2 J123049.46+122321.60 RadioS    
    GB6 J1230+1223 RadioS    
    ICRF J123049.4+122328 RadioS    


    Position Reference:2004AJ....127.3587F

    Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                           (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
    Equatorial (B1950.0) 187.0732283  12.6671890 12h28m17.5748s +12d40m01.880s  6.50E-04  6.30E-04   90
    Equatorial (J2000.0) 187.7059304  12.3911231 12h30m49.4233s +12d23m28.043s  6.50E-04  6.30E-04   90
    Ecliptic   (B1950.0) 181.3590705  14.4174092                              6.50E-04  6.30E-04   66
    Ecliptic   (J2000.0) 182.0592608  14.4166861                              6.50E-04  6.30E-04   66
    Galactic             283.7777978  74.4911308                              6.50E-04  6.30E-04   73
    SuperGalactic        102.8805993  -2.3479220                              6.50E-04  6.30E-04   17
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    104 Position data point(s)


    118 Distances found in NED View 118 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for MESSIER 087

    Summary Statistics computed by NED from 118 Distance(s) in the literature:
    NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
    they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
    No homogenization or corrections have been applied.

    MESSIER 087 Distance Modulus
    Metric Distance
    Mean 31.09 16.757
    Std. Dev. 0.37 2.949
    Min. 29.82 9.200
    Max. 32.32 29.100
    Median 31.09 16.400

    TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
    HierarchyRGin a radial-velocity based grouping...1998Afz....41..308M
    Galaxy MorphologycD peccD0-1 pec...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    Radio MorphologyIFR I...1983MNRAS.204..151L
    Activity TypeS3LINER...2006A&A...455..773V
    Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...1984Natur.307..326S
    96 Detailed Classification(s)

    Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
    of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
    The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
    the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
    Aλ [mag]0.1000.0830.0630.0500.0350.0970.0760.0530.0390.0290.0160.0100.0070.004
    Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
    For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
    Aλ [mag]0.1210.0960.0740.0600.0430.1150.0850.0610.0470.0330.0200.0130.0080.003

    Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
    (Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
    AB = 0.090 mag
    See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

    BASIC DATA for MESSIER 087 (Back to INDEX)
    Helio. Radial Velocity     :      1284 +/-        5 km/s      
    Redshift                   :  0.004283 +/- 0.000017        2011MNRAS.413..813C
    Major Diameter (arcmin)    :   8.3
    Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :   6.6
    Magnitude and Filter       :  9.59
    Classifications            : E+0-1 pec;NLRG Sy   
    NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
          redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
          their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
          from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
          orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
          general properties of the object in question. They are not
          averages nor are they standardized in any way.
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    65 Redshift data point(s)      503 photometric data point(s)      14 Diameter data point(s)      

    Calculated and Corrected Velocities
    V (Heliocentric)           :    1284 +/-      5 km/s      2011MNRAS.413..813C
    V (Kinematic LSR)          :    1288 +/-      5 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
    V (Galactocentric GSR)     :    1231 +/-      6 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    V (Local Group)            :    1180 +/-      8 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
    V (3K CMB)                 :    1613 +/-     24 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
    V (Virgo Infall only)      :     957 +/-     18 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA only)        :    1016 +/-     18 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    1017 +/-     18 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    Note:Object in Virgo Cluster (Radius = 10 deg; Velocity Range = 600-2300 km/sec)
     Virgo Cluster mean velocity (957 km/sec) assigned.  See Local Velocity Field Model details
    Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
    D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    16.9 +/-    1.2 Mpc      (m-M) = 31.13 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Local Group)            :    16.2 +/-    1.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 31.04 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (3K CMB)                 :    22.1 +/-    1.6 Mpc      (m-M) = 31.72 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo Infall only)      :    13.1 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.59 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA only)        :    13.9 +/-    1.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.72 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    13.9 +/-    1.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.72 +/- 0.15 mag
    Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
    Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :      82 pc/arcsec =  0.082 kpc/arcsec =   4.91 kpc/arcmin =   0.29 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Local Group)        :      78 pc/arcsec =  0.078 kpc/arcsec =   4.70 kpc/arcmin =   0.28 Mpc/degree
    Scale (3K CMB)             :     107 pc/arcsec =  0.107 kpc/arcsec =   6.43 kpc/arcmin =   0.39 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :      64 pc/arcsec =  0.064 kpc/arcsec =   3.81 kpc/arcmin =   0.23 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :      67 pc/arcsec =  0.067 kpc/arcsec =   4.05 kpc/arcmin =   0.24 Mpc/degree
    Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):      68 pc/arcsec =  0.068 kpc/arcsec =   4.05 kpc/arcmin =   0.24 Mpc/degree
    To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
    Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 24.684 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 1284 km/sec
    Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.005380 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 22.2 Mpc (m-M) = 31.73 mag Angular-Size Distance : 22 Mpc (m-M) = 31.71 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 22.1 Mpc (m-M) = 31.72 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 22.1 Mpc (m-M) = 31.72 mag Co-Moving Volume : 4.5e-05 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.072 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.005380 : 13.227 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 106 pc/arcsec = 0.106 kpc/arcsec = 6.39 kpc/arcmin = 0.38 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.97877; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.0233 mag
    To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
    Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities


    The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
    Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
    Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
    Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

    Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
    Gamma-Ray0.1-100 GeV (Fermi) 19.6E-12 +/- 1.8E-12 erg/cm^2^/s 2012ApJS..199...31N 6.59E+34 +/- 6.42E+33 [W] 1.71E+08 +/- 1.67E+07
    X-Ray0.1-2.4 keV (ROSAT) 1.05E-10 +/- 1.99E-12 ergs sec^-1^ cm^-2^ 1994A&A...281..355B 3.53E+35 +/- 1.32E+34 [W] 9.17E+08 +/- 3.44E+07
    UltravioletUVW1 (Swift) AB 12.88 +/- 0.10 mag 2014ApJS..212...18B-18.21 +/- 0.13 [mag] 2.57E+09 +/- 2.51E+08
    VisualF850LP (HST/ACS) AB 7.19 mag 2006ApJS..164..334F-23.90 [mag] 1.34E+11
    Near-InfraredK 3.87E-23 +/- 0.01E-23 W cm^-2 Hz^-1 sr^-1 1983ApJ...265L..55B 4.14E+36 +/- 1.77E+35 [W] 1.08E+10 +/- 4.61E+08
    Mid-Infrared6.7 microns (ISO) 440.9 +/- 32.1 milliJy 2004A&A...416...41X 6.62E+35 +/- 5.28E+34 [W] 1.72E+09 +/- 1.37E+08
    Far-Infrared160 microns (MIPS) 896 +/- 91 milliJy 2009ApJ...707..890T 5.78E+34 +/- 6.16E+33 [W] 1.50E+08 +/- 1.60E+07
    Sub-Millimeter500 microns Herschel 1.430 +/- 0.375 Jy 2010A&A...518L..53B 2.88E+34 +/- 7.62E+33 [W] 7.50E+07 +/- 1.98E+07
    Millimeter33 GHz (VSA) 17.67 Jy 2009MNRAS.400..984D 1.96E+34 [W] 5.10E+07
    Radio10 MHz 11090 +/- 1995.00 Jy 1981A&AS...45..367K 3.73E+33 +/- 6.79E+32 [W] 9.70E+06 +/- 1.77E+06
    NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (31.09 +/- 0.37) mag corresponding to
    a Metric Distance of (16.757 +/- 2.949) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

    View details and SED for 503 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.


    The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

    Passband Apparent Major Axis
    (2a) [arcsec]
    Apparent Minor Axis
    (2b) [arcsec]
    Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
    (2a) [kpc]
    Physical Minor Axis
    (2b) [kpc]
    RC3 D_25; R_25 (blue) 499.10394.29... 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1991RC3.9.C...0000d40.5532.03
    K_s (LGA/2MASS "total") 466.80401.45152 Diameter for "total" magnitude 2003AJ....125..525J2003AJ....125..525J37.9232.61
    NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.0812 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (16.757 +/- 2.949) Mpc.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

    View details for 14 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

    Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
    Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- MESSIER 087SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
    Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 4486 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 07654 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 070-139 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
    Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +02-32-105 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Fourth Cambridge Survey -- 4C +12.45 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J12304942+1223279 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    SDSS Sky Server
    IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F12282+1240 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 041361 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 041361 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
    Parkes Radio Sources Catalogue -- PKS B1228+126 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Far-UV Point Sources -- FAUST 3191 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    GB6 catalog of radio sources -- GB6 J1230+1223 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 087GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
    Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 087NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Resources for position 12h30m49.4s, +12d23m28s (J2000)Site/Service
    Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
    Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
    SDSS Sky Server
    Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
     Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    The NRAO Data Archive System

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