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Date and Time of the Query: 2021-12-06 T06:46:08 PST
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object NGC 1068


1 objects found in NED.    

SOURCE LIST

 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1   *MESSIER 077                    02h42m40.7s -00d00m48s G        1137  0.003793       9.61    ...  2461    61  611  105    68   14     0 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object


Object No. 1 - MESSIER 077

INDEX for MESSIER 077
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Cross-IDs    
   Coordinates    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Classifications
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):
  • Images
  • 611 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
  • Spectra   
    Redshift-Independent Distances
    2461 Reference(s)   
    105 Position data point(s)
    68 Redshift data point(s)   
    14 Diameter data point(s)   
    61 Note(s)   
    UGC data    
    PKS data    
    RC3 data    

    ESSENTIAL NOTE for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)
    2009A&A...505..417B incorrectly reports z = 0.0288; confused HIPASS source.     
    

    CROSS-IDENTIFICATIONS for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)
    Object Names Type Object Names Type
    MESSIER 077G PAPER J040.87+00.15 RadioS
    NGC 1068 G NEWPS_5yr_5s 063 RadioS
    UGC 02188 G NEWPS_5yr_5s_15 062 RadioS
    ARP 037 G AFGL 4220S IrS
    KUG 0240-002 G 2CXO J024240.7-000047 XrayS
    CGCG 388-098 G CXO J024240.8-000047 XrayS
    CGCG 0240.1-0013 G CXOGSG J024240.7-000047 XrayS
    MCG +00-07-083 G RX J0242.6-0000 XrayS
    3C 071 RadioSRX J0242.6+0000 XrayS
    4C -00.13 RadioS1RXS J024240.9-000046 XrayS
    PKS 0240-00 RadioS1RXP J024240.9-000042 XrayS
    WISEA J024240.70-000047.8 IrS 2PBC J0242.7-0000 XrayS
    2MASX J02424077-0000478 IrS 4PBC J0242.6+0000 XrayS
    2MASXi J0242407-000047 IrS PBC J0242.7-0000 XrayS
    SDSS J024240.70-000047.9 G 2XMM J024240.7-000046 XrayS
    IRAS 02401-0013 IrS 2XMMp J024240.7-000046 XrayS
    IRAS F02401-0013 IrS 1XMM J024240.7-000046 XrayS
    AKARI J0242406-000039 IrS 1AXG J024241-0000 XrayS
    ISOSS J02426-0000 IrS 1H 0244+001 XrayS
    CGS 161 G 1ES 0240-002 XrayS
    LDCE 0174 NED006 G XSS J02445-0000 XrayS
    HDCE 0163 NED002 G CXO J024240.79-000046.4 XrayS
    USGC U143 NED02 G 3FHL J0242.7-0002 GammaS
    PGC1 0010266 NED001 G 3FGL J0242.7-0001 GammaS
    LQAC 040-000 029 G SWIFT J0242.6+0000 XrayS
    HIPASS J0242+00 RadioSSWIFT J0242.9-0000 XrayS
    NSA 023964 G 2FGL J0242.5+0006 GammaS
    NSA 024009 G 4FGL J0242.6-0000 GammaS
    PGC 010266 G 9Y-MST J0242+0001 GammaS
    RBS 0348 G FL8Y J0242.6-0000 GammaS
    UZC J024240.7-000048 G [KWP81] 0240-00 RadioS
    PKS B0240-002 RadioS[dML87] 057 G
    PKS J0242-0000 RadioSLGG 073:[G93] 002 G
    PMN J0242-0000 RadioS[MHH96] J024239+000001 XrayS
    MRC 0240-002 RadioS[M98j] 041 NED07 G
    MG1 J024240-0000 RadioSRX J0242.6-0000:[BEV98] 003 G
    87GB[BWE91] 0240-0013 RadioS[VCV2001] J024240.7-000047 G
    [WB92] 0240-0013 RadioS[CRK2003] J0242.6-0000 G
    FIRST J024240.7-000046 RadioS[SLK2004] 0333 IrS
    NVSS J024240-000047 RadioSNGC 1068:[LB2005] X01 XrayS
    VLSS J0242.6-0000 RadioS[VCV2006] J024240.7-000047 G
    UITBOC 0219 VisS [KRL2007] 025 XrayS
    S3 0240-00 RadioS[MSC2011] J024240.71-000047.7 G
    OD -067 RadioSNGC 1068:[L2011a] X0001 XrayS
    AT20G J024240-000046 RadioS[BTM2013] 0144 XrayS
    DA 082 RadioS[AHG2014] B126 G
    NRAO 0112 RadioSNGC 1068:[WLQ2016] X0002 XrayS
    TXS 0240-002 RadioS    
    Cul 0240-002 RadioS    
    GC 0240-00 RadioS    
    LHE 067 RadioS    
    MSH 02-014 RadioS    

    COORDINATES for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)

    Position Reference:1997ApJ...476L..67C

    Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                           (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
    Equatorial (B1950.0)  40.0293744  -0.2254555 02h40m07.050s -00d13m31.64s  2.00E-01  2.00E-01    0
    Equatorial (J2000.0)  40.6696292  -0.0132806 02h42m40.711s -00d00m47.81s  2.00E-01  2.00E-01    0
    Ecliptic   (B1950.0)  37.5450939 -15.0414286                              2.00E-01  2.00E-01    0
    Ecliptic   (J2000.0)  38.2448876 -15.0369915                              2.00E-01  2.00E-01    0
    Galactic             172.1037384 -51.9337526                              2.00E-01  2.00E-01    0
    SuperGalactic        304.2626473 -25.8382571                              2.00E-01  2.00E-01    0
    
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    105 Position data point(s)

    REDSHIFT-INDEPENDENT DISTANCES for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)

    11 Distances found in NED View 11 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for MESSIER 077

    Summary Statistics computed by NED from 11 Distance(s) in the literature:
    NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
    they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
    No homogenization or corrections have been applied.


    MESSIER 077 Distance Modulus
    (mag)
    Metric Distance
    (Mpc)
    Mean 30.05 10.582
    Std. Dev. 0.60 2.962
    Min. 29.28 7.180
    Max. 31.02 16.000
    Median 30.02 10.100

    CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES, ATTRIBUTES) for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)
    TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
    HierarchyRGin a radial-velocity based grouping...1998Afz....41..308M
    KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1978ApJ...224..745H
    Luminosity ClassLIRGLIRG...2003AJ....126.1607S
    Galaxy Morphology(R)SA(rs)b(R)SA(rs)b...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    Radio Morphologyradio jetradio jet...1992A&AS...95..249L
    Activity Type2Sy 2...1993ApJ...414..552O
    Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...1988NBGC.C....0000T
    70 Detailed Classification(s)


    FOREGROUND GALACTIC EXTINCTION for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)
    Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
    of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
    The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
    the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
    Aλ [mag]0.1450.1210.0910.0720.0500.1410.1100.0760.0570.0420.0240.0150.0100.005
    Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
    For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
    Aλ [mag]0.1830.1450.1120.0900.0650.1740.1280.0930.0700.0500.0300.0190.0120.005


    Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
    (Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
    AB = 0.050 mag
    See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

    BASIC DATA for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)
    Helio. Radial Velocity     :      1137 +/-        3 km/s      
    Redshift                   :  0.003793 +/- 0.000010        2014MNRAS.440..696A
    Major Diameter (arcmin)    :   7.1
    Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :   6.0
    Magnitude and Filter       :  9.61
    Classifications            : (R)SA(rs)b;Sy1 Sy2  
    
    NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
          redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
          their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
          from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
          orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
          general properties of the object in question. They are not
          averages nor are they standardized in any way.
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    68 Redshift data point(s)      611 photometric data point(s)      14 Diameter data point(s)      

    QUANTITIES DERIVED FROM REDSHIFT for MESSIER 077 (Details)(Back to INDEX)
    Calculated and Corrected Velocities
    V (Heliocentric)           :    1137 +/-      3 km/s      2014MNRAS.440..696A
    V (Kinematic LSR)          :    1126 +/-      3 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
    V (Galactocentric GSR)     :    1146 +/-      3 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    V (Local Group)            :    1191 +/-      4 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
    V (3K CMB)                 :     914 +/-     16 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
    V (Virgo Infall only)      :    1117 +/-      7 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA only)        :    1112 +/-      7 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    1109 +/-      7 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    
    Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
    D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    15.7 +/-    1.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.98 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Local Group)            :    16.3 +/-    1.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 31.06 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (3K CMB)                 :    12.5 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.49 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo Infall only)      :    15.3 +/-    1.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.92 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA only)        :    15.2 +/-    1.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.91 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    15.2 +/-    1.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.91 +/- 0.15 mag
    
    Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
    Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :      76 pc/arcsec =  0.076 kpc/arcsec =   4.57 kpc/arcmin =   0.27 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Local Group)        :      79 pc/arcsec =  0.079 kpc/arcsec =   4.75 kpc/arcmin =   0.28 Mpc/degree
    Scale (3K CMB)             :      61 pc/arcsec =  0.061 kpc/arcsec =   3.64 kpc/arcmin =   0.22 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :      74 pc/arcsec =  0.074 kpc/arcsec =   4.45 kpc/arcmin =   0.27 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :      74 pc/arcsec =  0.074 kpc/arcsec =   4.43 kpc/arcmin =   0.27 Mpc/degree
    Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):      74 pc/arcsec =  0.074 kpc/arcsec =   4.42 kpc/arcmin =   0.27 Mpc/degree
    
    
    To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
    Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 22.625 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 1137 km/sec
    Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.003048 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 12.5 Mpc (m-M) = 30.49 mag Angular-Size Distance : 12.5 Mpc (m-M) = 30.48 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 12.5 Mpc (m-M) = 30.49 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 12.5 Mpc (m-M) = 30.49 mag Co-Moving Volume : 8.2e-06 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.041 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.003048 : 13.258 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 60 pc/arcsec = 0.060 kpc/arcsec = 3.63 kpc/arcmin = 0.22 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.98790; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.01322 mag
    To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
    HoΩmatterΩvacuum     
    Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities

    QUICK-LOOK PHOTOMETRY and LUMINOSITIES for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)
     N/A 

    QUICK-LOOK ANGULAR & PHYSICAL DIAMETERS for MESSIER 077 (Back to INDEX)

    The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

    Passband Apparent Major Axis
    (2a) [arcsec]
    Apparent Minor Axis
    (2b) [arcsec]
    PA
    [degrees]
    (J2000.0)
    Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
    (2a) [kpc]
    Physical Minor Axis
    (2b) [kpc]
    POSS1 103a-O 540.00480.6070 About 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1973UGC...C...0000N27.7024.66
    K_s (LGA/2MASS "total") 290.60238.2912 Diameter for "total" magnitude 2003AJ....125..525J2003AJ....125..525J14.9112.23
    NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.0513 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (10.582 +/- 2.962) Mpc.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

    View details for 14 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

    EXTERNAL ARCHIVES AND SERVICES for MESSIER 077 Help (Back to INDEX)
    Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
    Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- MESSIER 077SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
    Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 1068 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 02188 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 388-098 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
    Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +00-07-083 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Fourth Cambridge Survey -- 4C -00.13 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J02424077-0000478 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASXi J0242407-000047 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    version
    SDSS Sky Server
    IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F02401-0013 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 010266 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 010266 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
    Parkes Radio Sources Catalogue -- PKS B0240-002 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Parkes-MIT-NRAO 4.85GHz Surveys -- PMN J0242-0000 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Original FIRST Source Catalog -- FIRST J024240.7-000046 Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters
    FIRST Survey, Version 1999Jul -- FIRST J024240.7-000046 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    Texas Survey of radio sources at 365MHz -- TXS 0240-002 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 077GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
    Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- MESSIER 077NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Resources for position 02h42m40.7s, -00d00m48s (J2000)Site/Service
    Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
    Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
    version
    SDSS Sky Server
    Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
     Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
        Size:     GIF     FITS File  
    Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters
    The NRAO Data Archive System

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