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Date and Time of the Query: 2018-12-18 T10:46:03 PST
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object NGC 4451


1 objects found in NED.    

SOURCE LIST

 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1    NGC 4451                       12h28m40.5s +09d15m32s G         864  0.002882      13.29    ...   184     1   47   27    20   10     0 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object


Object No. 1 - NGC 4451

INDEX for NGC 4451
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Cross-IDs    
   Coordinates    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Classifications
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):

Images
   
47 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
Spectra   
Redshift-Independent Distances
184 Reference(s)   
27 Position data point(s)
20 Redshift data point(s)   
10 Diameter data point(s)   
1 Note(s)   
UGC data    
RC3 data    

ESSENTIAL NOTE for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)
N/A

CROSS-IDENTIFICATIONS for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)
Object Names Type Object Names Type
NGC 4451G HDCE 0720 NED109 G
UGC 07600 G USGC U490 NED196 G
ARK 368 G [BEC2010] HRS 171 G
VCC 1118 G NSA 169907 G
CGCG 070-111 G PGC 041050 G
CGCG 1226.1+0932 G UZC J122840.5+091533 G
MCG +02-32-079 G NVSS J122840+091533 RadioS
2MASX J12284055+0915321 IrS FAUST 3162 UvES
2MASS J12284053+0915325 IrS FAUST V071 UvES
SDSS J122840.50+091533.7 * ALFALFA 3-275 G
SDSS J122840.54+091531.7 VisS EVCC 0705 G
IRAS 12260+0932 IrS LGG 292:[G93] 121 G
IRAS F12261+0932 IrS [M98j] 174 NED115 G
AKARI J1228404+091533 IrS [RG2008] J187.16894+09.25881 G
LDCE 0904 NED133 G RSCG 57:[WBJ2013] D G
     

COORDINATES for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)

Position Reference:2008AJ....135.1837R

Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                       (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
Equatorial (B1950.0)  186.533778    9.535210 12h26m08.107s +09d32m06.76s  5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Equatorial (J2000.0)  187.168940    9.258810 12h28m40.545s +09d15m31.72s  5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Ecliptic   (B1950.0)  182.165086   11.339712                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Ecliptic   (J2000.0)  182.864911   11.338889                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Galactic              285.122201   71.339190                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
SuperGalactic         105.735114   -3.749578                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
27 Position data point(s)

REDSHIFT-INDEPENDENT DISTANCES for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)

15 Distances found in NED View 15 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for NGC 4451

Summary Statistics computed by NED from 15 Distance(s) in the literature:
NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
No homogenization or corrections have been applied.


NGC 4451 Distance Modulus
(mag)
Metric Distance
(Mpc)
Mean 32.02 25.700
Std. Dev. 0.36 3.946
Min. 31.13 16.800
Max. 32.40 30.200
Median 32.16 27.000

CLASSIFICATIONS (TYPES, ATTRIBUTES) for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)
TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
HierarchyRGin a radial-velocity based grouping...1998Afz....41..308M
KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1989ApJS...69...65H
Luminosity Class4.0LC II-III...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Galaxy MorphologySbc:Sbc?...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...2009AJ....138..323T
24 Detailed Classification(s)


FOREGROUND GALACTIC EXTINCTION for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)
Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
Aλ [mag]0.0820.0680.0520.0410.0280.0800.0620.0430.0320.0240.0130.0080.0060.003
Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
Aλ [mag]0.1030.0820.0630.0510.0370.0970.0720.0520.0390.0280.0170.0110.0070.003


Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
(Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
AB = 0.000 mag
See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

BASIC DATA for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)
Helio. Radial Velocity     :       864 +/-        7 km/s      
Redshift                   :  0.002882 +/- 0.000023        1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Major Diameter (arcmin)    :   1.5
Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :   1.0
Magnitude and Filter       : 13.29
Classifications            : Sbc:           HII  

NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
      redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
      their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
      from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
      orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
      general properties of the object in question. They are not
      averages nor are they standardized in any way.
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
20 Redshift data point(s)      47 photometric data point(s)      10 Diameter data point(s)      

QUANTITIES DERIVED FROM REDSHIFT for NGC 4451 (Details)(Back to INDEX)
Calculated and Corrected Velocities
V (Heliocentric)           :     864 +/-      7 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Kinematic LSR)          :     868 +/-      7 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
V (Galactocentric GSR)     :     800 +/-      7 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Local Group)            :     745 +/-     10 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
V (3K CMB)                 :    1200 +/-     25 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
V (Virgo Infall only)      :     957 +/-     18 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA only)        :    1008 +/-     18 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    1008 +/-     18 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
Note:Object in Virgo Cluster (Radius = 10 deg; Velocity Range = 600-2300 km/sec)
 Virgo Cluster mean velocity (957 km/sec) assigned.  See Local Velocity Field Model details

Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    11.0 +/-    0.8 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.20 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Local Group)            :    10.2 +/-    0.7 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.04 +/- 0.15 mag
D (3K CMB)                 :    16.4 +/-    1.2 Mpc      (m-M) = 31.08 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo Infall only)      :    13.1 +/-    0.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.59 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA only)        :    13.8 +/-    1.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.70 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    13.8 +/-    1.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 30.70 +/- 0.15 mag

Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :      53 pc/arcsec =  0.053 kpc/arcsec =   3.19 kpc/arcmin =   0.19 Mpc/degree
Scale (Local Group)        :      49 pc/arcsec =  0.049 kpc/arcsec =   2.97 kpc/arcmin =   0.18 Mpc/degree
Scale (3K CMB)             :      80 pc/arcsec =  0.080 kpc/arcsec =   4.78 kpc/arcmin =   0.29 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :      64 pc/arcsec =  0.064 kpc/arcsec =   3.81 kpc/arcmin =   0.23 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :      67 pc/arcsec =  0.067 kpc/arcsec =   4.02 kpc/arcmin =   0.24 Mpc/degree
Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):      67 pc/arcsec =  0.067 kpc/arcsec =   4.02 kpc/arcmin =   0.24 Mpc/degree

To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 24.897 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 864 km/sec
Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.004003 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 16.5 Mpc (m-M) = 31.09 mag Angular-Size Distance : 16.4 Mpc (m-M) = 31.07 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 16.4 Mpc (m-M) = 31.08 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 16.4 Mpc (m-M) = 31.08 mag Co-Moving Volume : 1.86e-05 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.053 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.004003 : 13.245 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 79 pc/arcsec = 0.079 kpc/arcsec = 4.76 kpc/arcmin = 0.29 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.98415; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.01735 mag
To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
HoΩmatterΩvacuum     
Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities

QUICK-LOOK PHOTOMETRY and LUMINOSITIES for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)

The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

Spectral
Region
Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
UltravioletUV_2500 (m_T) 14.05 +/- 0.36 mag 1995A&AS..114..527R-17.97 +/- 0.41 [mag] 4.49E+08 +/- 1.80E+08
VisualI 11.41 mag 2007ApJS..172..599S-20.61 [mag] 5.42E+09
Near-InfraredH 10.179 +/- 0.032 mag 20032MASX.C.......:-21.84 +/- 0.20 [mag] 3.25E+09 +/- 2.75E+08
Mid-Infrared25 microns (IRAS) 0.430 +/- 0.050 Jy 1994PrivC.U..J....K 4.08E+35 +/- 5.74E+34 [W] 1.06E+09 +/- 1.49E+08
Far-Infrared100 microns (IRAS) 5.170 +/- 0.099 Jy 1994PrivC.U..J....K 1.23E+36 +/- 1.00E+35 [W] 3.19E+09 +/- 2.60E+08
Radio2380 MHz 8. +/- 4. milliJy 1978ApJS...36...53D 1.50E+30 +/- 7.62E+29 [W] 3.91E+03 +/- 1.98E+03
NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (32.02 +/- 0.36) mag corresponding to
a Metric Distance of (25.700 +/- 3.946) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

View details and SED for 47 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.

QUICK-LOOK ANGULAR & PHYSICAL DIAMETERS for NGC 4451 (Back to INDEX)

The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

Passband Apparent Major Axis
(2a) [arcsec]
Apparent Minor Axis
(2b) [arcsec]
PA
[degrees]
(J2000.0)
Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
(2a) [kpc]
Physical Minor Axis
(2b) [kpc]
POSS1 103a-O 90.0060.30161 About 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1973UGC...C...0000N11.217.51
K_s (2MASS "total") 95.3055.27160 Diameter for "total" magnitude 20032MASX.C.......:20032MASX.C.......:11.876.89
NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.1246 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (25.700 +/- 3.946) Mpc.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

View details for 10 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

EXTERNAL ARCHIVES AND SERVICES for NGC 4451 Help (Back to INDEX)
Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- NGC 4451SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 4451VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 07600 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 070-111 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +02-32-079 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J12284055+0915321 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
version
SDSS Sky Server
IRAS Point Source Catalog -- IRAS 12260+0932 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F12261+0932 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 041050 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 041050 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
Far-UV Point Sources -- FAUST 3162 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey Service -- ALFALFA 3-275 Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey Service
Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- NGC 4451GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- NGC 4451NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Resources for position 12h28m40.5s, +09d15m32s (J2000)Site/Service
Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
Explore resources with DataScope (15 arcmin search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
version
SDSS Sky Server
Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
 Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
The NRAO Data Archive System

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