Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-19 T14:09:36 PDT
Help | Comment | NED Home

You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Velocity(km/s): Unconstrained
Include ANY Object Type:
Exclude ANY Object Type:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

Detailed Information for Object No. 24

INDEX for NGC 4388
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):

276 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
Redshift-Independent Distances
948 Reference(s)   
74 Position data point(s)
55 Redshift data point(s)   
12 Diameter data point(s)   
29 Note(s)   
UGC data    
RC3 data    


Object Names Type Object Names Type
NGC 4388G TXS 1223+129 RadioS
UGC 07520 G EVCC 0576 G
VCC 0836 G CXO J122546.7+123944 XrayS
VPC 0438 G 1RXP J122546.7+123946 XrayS
CGCG 070-068 G IGR J12258+1240 XrayS
CGCG 1223.3+1256 G 2PBC J1225.7+1240 XrayS
MCG +02-32-041 G PBC J1225.7+1240 XrayS
2MFGC 09788 G 3XMM J122546.7+123943 XrayS
2MASX J12254682+1239434 IrS 2XMM J122546.7+123943 XrayS
2MASS J12254676+1239432 IrS 2XMMp J122546.7+123943 XrayS
SDSS J122546.72+123942.7 G XSS J12260+1248 XrayS
GALEXASC J122546.65+123944.7 UvS CXO J122546.78+123943.8 XrayS
IRAS 12232+1256 IrS SWIFT J1225.7+1239 XrayS
IRAS F12232+1256 IrS SWIFT J1225.8+1239 GammaS
AKARI J1225463+123949 IrS SWIFT J1225.8+1240 XrayS
ISOSS 045 IrS [SRK80] 122314+125638 RadioS
ISOSS J12257+1239 IrS [dML87] 293 G
LDCE 0904 NED100 G LGG 285:[G93] 013 G
HDCE 0720 NED078 G [M98j] 174 NED89 G
USGC U490 NED248 G NGC 4388:[RW2000] X-01 XrayS
LQAC 186+012 010 G [VCV2001] J122546.7+123941 G
ASK 386190.0 G [SLK2004] 0699 IrS
HOLM 403C G [KVC2005] 02 XrayS
[BEC2010] HRS 144 G NGC 4388:[LB2005] X01 XrayS
NSA 066736 G [VCV2006] J122546.7+123941 G
PGC 040581 G [HRT2007] J122547+123944 RadioS
SSTSL2 J122546.76+123944.1 IrS [KRL2007] 114 XrayS
UZC J122546.8+123944 G [RG2008] J186.44468+12.66188 G
87GB 122314.9+125625 RadioS[WMR2009] 091 G
87GB[BWE91] 1223+1256 RadioS[TES2010] 038 XrayS
NVSS J122546+123943 RadioSNGC 4388:[L2011a] X0001 XrayS
FAUST 3128 UvES [AHG2014] B177 G
FAUST V049 UvES    
ALFALFA 1-311 G    

COORDINATES for NGC 4388 (Back to INDEX)

Position Reference:1998ApJ...502..199F

Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                       (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
Equatorial (B1950.0)  185.810875   12.938872 12h23m14.610s +12d56m19.94s  5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Equatorial (J2000.0)  186.444780   12.662086 12h25m46.747s +12d39m43.51s  5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Ecliptic   (B1950.0)  180.084943   14.163236                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Ecliptic   (J2000.0)  180.785104   14.162658                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Galactic              279.120990   74.335404                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
SuperGalactic         102.264642   -3.448225                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
74 Position data point(s)


28 Distances found in NED View 28 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for NGC 4388

Summary Statistics computed by NED from 28 Distance(s) in the literature:
NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
No homogenization or corrections have been applied.

NGC 4388 Distance Modulus
Metric Distance
Mean 31.37 19.257
Std. Dev. 0.46 4.933
Min. 30.67 13.600
Max. 32.94 38.700
Median 31.29 18.050

TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
HierarchyG?Possible group member...1975SSS.....9..557d
KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1993ApJS...88..383L
Luminosity Class3.0LC II...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Galaxy MorphologySA(s)b: edge-onSA(s)b? edge-on...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Radio Morphologyradio jetradio jet...2002A&A...381..757L
Activity TypeS1hSy 1 h...2006A&A...455..773V
Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...1997ApJS..109..333W
52 Detailed Classification(s)

Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
Aλ [mag]0.1440.1200.0910.0720.0500.1410.1100.0760.0560.0420.0240.0150.0100.005
Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
Aλ [mag]0.1800.1430.1100.0890.0640.1710.1260.0910.0690.0490.0300.0190.0120.005

Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
(Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
AB = 0.110 mag
See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

BASIC DATA for NGC 4388 (Back to INDEX)
Helio. Radial Velocity     :      2524 +/-        1 km/s      
Redshift                   :  0.008419 +/- 0.000003        1993ApJS...88..383L
Major Diameter (arcmin)    :  4.84
Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :  0.92
Magnitude and Filter       : 12.1g
Classifications            : SA(s)b: sp;Sy2 Sy1.9

NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
      redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
      their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
      from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
      orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
      general properties of the object in question. They are not
      averages nor are they standardized in any way.
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
55 Redshift data point(s)      276 photometric data point(s)      12 Diameter data point(s)      

Calculated and Corrected Velocities
V (Heliocentric)           :    2524 +/-      1 km/s      1993ApJS...88..383L
V (Kinematic LSR)          :    2528 +/-      1 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
V (Galactocentric GSR)     :    2469 +/-      2 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Local Group)            :    2418 +/-      6 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
V (3K CMB)                 :    2855 +/-     23 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
V (Virgo Infall only)      :    2749 +/-     24 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA only)        :    3015 +/-     30 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    3020 +/-     30 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M

Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    33.8 +/-    2.4 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.65 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Local Group)            :    33.1 +/-    2.3 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.60 +/- 0.15 mag
D (3K CMB)                 :    39.1 +/-    2.8 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.96 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo Infall only)      :    37.7 +/-    2.7 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.88 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA only)        :    41.3 +/-    2.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 33.08 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    41.4 +/-    2.9 Mpc      (m-M) = 33.08 +/- 0.15 mag

Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :     164 pc/arcsec =  0.164 kpc/arcsec =   9.84 kpc/arcmin =   0.59 Mpc/degree
Scale (Local Group)        :     161 pc/arcsec =  0.161 kpc/arcsec =   9.64 kpc/arcmin =   0.58 Mpc/degree
Scale (3K CMB)             :     190 pc/arcsec =  0.190 kpc/arcsec =  11.38 kpc/arcmin =   0.68 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :     183 pc/arcsec =  0.183 kpc/arcsec =  10.95 kpc/arcmin =   0.66 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :     200 pc/arcsec =  0.200 kpc/arcsec =  12.01 kpc/arcmin =   0.72 Mpc/degree
Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):     201 pc/arcsec =  0.201 kpc/arcsec =  12.04 kpc/arcmin =   0.72 Mpc/degree

To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 8.309 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 2524 km/sec
Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.009523 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 39.4 Mpc (m-M) = 32.98 mag Angular-Size Distance : 38.7 Mpc (m-M) = 32.94 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 39 Mpc (m-M) = 32.96 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 39 Mpc (m-M) = 32.96 mag Co-Moving Volume : 0.000249 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.127 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.009523 : 13.172 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 187 pc/arcsec = 0.187 kpc/arcsec = 11.25 kpc/arcmin = 0.67 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.96280; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.04116 mag
To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities


The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
Gamma-Ray14-195 keV (Swift) 34.64E-11 +/- 0.52E-11 erg/s/cm^2^ 2010ApJS..186..378T 1.54E+36 +/- 1.51E+35 [W] 4.00E+09 +/- 3.92E+08
X-Ray20-100 keV INTEGRAL 23.705E-11 erg/s/cm^2^ 2009MNRAS.399..944M 1.06E+36 [W] 2.74E+09
UltravioletNUV (GALEX) AB 14.27 +/- 0.01 mag 2007ApJS..173..185G-17.10 +/- 0.24 [mag] 1.08E+09 +/- 1.05E+08
VisualI (I_T^C) 9.67 mag 1993ApJS...88..383L-21.70 [mag] 1.51E+10
Near-InfraredF_H (total) 2.93 +/- 2.34 log milliJy 1995ApJ...453..616S 6.95E+36 +/- 1.92E+36 [W] 1.81E+10 +/- 4.99E+09
Mid-Infrared25 microns (IRAS) 3.57 +/- 0.052 Jy 2003AJ....126.1607S 1.90E+36 +/- 1.86E+35 [W] 4.94E+09 +/- 4.84E+08
Far-Infrared160 microns (MIPS) 20.0 Jy 2009ApJ...694.1435M 1.70E+36 [W] 4.43E+09
Sub-Millimeter850 microns (SCUBA) 294 +/- 21 milliJy 2005MNRAS.357..361S 4.60E+33 +/- 5.54E+32 [W] 1.20E+07 +/- 1.44E+06
Radio365 MHz (Texas) 0.309 +/- 0.057 Jy 1996AJ....111.1945D 5.00E+30 +/- 1.04E+30 [W] 1.30E+04 +/- 2.71E+03
NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (31.37 +/- 0.46) mag corresponding to
a Metric Distance of (19.257 +/- 4.933) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

View details and SED for 276 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.


The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

Passband Apparent Major Axis
(2a) [arcsec]
Apparent Minor Axis
(2b) [arcsec]
Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
(2a) [kpc]
Physical Minor Axis
(2b) [kpc]
POSS1 103a-O 372.00100.4491 About 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1973UGC...C...0000N34.739.38
K_s (LGA/2MASS "total") 380.60121.7989 Diameter for "total" magnitude 2003AJ....125..525J2003AJ....125..525J35.5311.37
NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.0934 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (19.257 +/- 4.933) Mpc.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

View details for 12 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- NGC 4388SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 4388VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 07520 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 070-068 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +02-32-041 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J12254682+1239434 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
SDSS Sky Server
IRAS Point Source Catalog -- IRAS 12232+1256 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F12232+1256 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 040581 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 040581 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
Far-UV Point Sources -- FAUST 3128 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey Service -- ALFALFA 1-311 Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey Service
Texas Survey of radio sources at 365MHz -- TXS 1223+129 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- NGC 4388GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- NGC 4388NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Resources for position 12h25m46.7s, +12d39m44s (J2000)Site/Service
Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
SDSS Sky Server
Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
 Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
The NRAO Data Archive System

Back to NED Home