Date and Time of the Query: 2019-06-17 T20:18:46 PDT
Help | Comment | NED Home

You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Velocity(km/s): Unconstrained
Include ANY Object Type:
Exclude ANY Object Type:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

Detailed Information for Object No. 1

INDEX for IC 1856
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):

77 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
Redshift-Independent Distances
61 Reference(s)   
21 Position data point(s)
18 Redshift data point(s)   
15 Diameter data point(s)   
1 Note(s)   
UGC data    
RC3 data    

ESSENTIAL NOTE for IC 1856 (Back to INDEX)

Object Names Type Object Names Type
IC 1856G 6dF J0248508-004603 G
UGC 02291 G LDCE 0202 NED003 G
CGCG 389-021 G HDCE 0176 NED003 G
CGCG 0246.3-0058 G USGC U149 NED04 G
MCG +00-08-021 G ASK 036694.0 G
2MASX J02485079-0046029 IrS NSA 007466 G
2MASXi J0248507-004602 IrS PGC 010647 G
2MASS J02485081-0046026 IrS RESOLVE rf0397 G
SDSS J024850.79-004602.5 G SRGb 155.029 G
SDSS J024850.79-004602.6 G UZC J024850.8-004601 G
SDSS J024850.80-004602.6 G NVSS J024850-004601 RadioS
GALEXASC J024850.83-004602.9 UvS [M98j] 045 NED02 G
GALEXMSC J024850.83-004603.0 UvS [BFW2006] J042.21166-00.76739 G
IRAS 02463-0058 IrS Mr18:[BFW2006] 05678 NED04 G
IRAS F02463-0058 IrS Mr19:[BFW2006] 11044 NED04 G
6dF J0248507-004603 G Mr20:[BFW2006] 18841 NED03 G

COORDINATES for IC 1856 (Back to INDEX)

Position Reference:2007SDSS6.C...0000:

Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                       (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
Equatorial (B1950.0)   41.573855   -0.974635 02h46m17.725s -00d58m28.69s  5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Equatorial (J2000.0)   42.211657   -0.767391 02h48m50.798s -00d46m02.61s  5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Ecliptic   (B1950.0)   38.825103  -16.236044                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Ecliptic   (J2000.0)   39.524974  -16.231500                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Galactic              174.746801  -51.423056                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
SuperGalactic         303.974416  -27.535338                              5.00E-01  5.00E-01    0
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
21 Position data point(s)


6 Distances found in NED View 6 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for IC 1856

Summary Statistics computed by NED from 6 Distance(s) in the literature:
NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
No homogenization or corrections have been applied.

IC 1856 Distance Modulus
Metric Distance
Mean 34.95 98.133
Std. Dev. 0.17 7.416
Min. 34.74 88.800
Max. 35.11 105.000
Median 34.98 99.400

TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
HierarchyRGin a radial-velocity based grouping...1998Afz....41..308M
KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...2005A&A...430..373T
Luminosity Class2.3LC I-II...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Galaxy Morphology(R)SB(r)ab:(R)SB(r)ab?...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...2007A&A...465...71T
18 Detailed Classification(s)

Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
Aλ [mag]0.2130.1790.1350.1070.0740.2090.1630.1130.0840.0620.0350.0220.0150.008
Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
Aλ [mag]0.2690.2140.1640.1330.0960.2560.1880.1360.1030.0730.0450.0290.0180.008

Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
(Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
AB = 0.120 mag
See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

BASIC DATA for IC 1856 (Back to INDEX)
Helio. Radial Velocity     :      6490 +/-       12 km/s      
Redshift                   :  0.021648 +/- 0.000040        2005AJ....130.1037C
Major Diameter (arcmin)    :  1.18
Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :  0.62
Magnitude and Filter       : 14.3g
Classifications            : (R)SB(r)ab:         

NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
      redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
      their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
      from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
      orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
      general properties of the object in question. They are not
      averages nor are they standardized in any way.
Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
18 Redshift data point(s)      77 photometric data point(s)      15 Diameter data point(s)      

Calculated and Corrected Velocities
V (Heliocentric)           :    6490 +/-     12 km/s      2005AJ....130.1037C
V (Kinematic LSR)          :    6478 +/-     12 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
V (Galactocentric GSR)     :    6492 +/-     12 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
V (Local Group)            :    6535 +/-     12 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
V (3K CMB)                 :    6275 +/-     19 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
V (Virgo Infall only)      :    6400 +/-     16 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA only)        :    6305 +/-     17 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    6291 +/-     17 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M

Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    88.9 +/-    6.2 Mpc      (m-M) = 34.75 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Local Group)            :    89.5 +/-    6.3 Mpc      (m-M) = 34.76 +/- 0.15 mag
D (3K CMB)                 :    86.0 +/-    6.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 34.67 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo Infall only)      :    87.7 +/-    6.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 34.71 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA only)        :    86.4 +/-    6.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 34.68 +/- 0.15 mag
D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    86.2 +/-    6.0 Mpc      (m-M) = 34.68 +/- 0.15 mag

Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :     431 pc/arcsec =  0.431 kpc/arcsec =  25.87 kpc/arcmin =   1.55 Mpc/degree
Scale (Local Group)        :     434 pc/arcsec =  0.434 kpc/arcsec =  26.04 kpc/arcmin =   1.56 Mpc/degree
Scale (3K CMB)             :     417 pc/arcsec =  0.417 kpc/arcsec =  25.00 kpc/arcmin =   1.50 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :     425 pc/arcsec =  0.425 kpc/arcsec =  25.50 kpc/arcmin =   1.53 Mpc/degree
Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :     419 pc/arcsec =  0.419 kpc/arcsec =  25.12 kpc/arcmin =   1.51 Mpc/degree
Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):     418 pc/arcsec =  0.418 kpc/arcsec =  25.07 kpc/arcmin =   1.50 Mpc/degree

To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 3.989 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 6490 km/sec
Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.020932 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 87.4 Mpc (m-M) = 34.71 mag Angular-Size Distance : 83.8 Mpc (m-M) = 34.62 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 85.6 Mpc (m-M) = 34.66 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 85.6 Mpc (m-M) = 34.66 mag Co-Moving Volume : 0.00263 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.276 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.020932 : 13.023 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 406 pc/arcsec = 0.406 kpc/arcsec = 24.39 kpc/arcmin = 1.46 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.92048; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.08997 mag
To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities


The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
UltravioletNUV (GALEX) AB 17.1623 +/- 0.00817910 mag 2012GMSC..C...0000S-17.79 +/- 0.15 [mag] 1.92E+09 +/- 1.19E+08
VisualI 12.24 mag 2007ApJS..172..599S-22.71 [mag] 3.68E+10
Near-InfraredH 10.817 +/- 0.034 mag 20032MASX.C.......:-24.13 +/- 0.16 [mag] 2.63E+10 +/- 1.83E+09
Mid-Infrared12 microns (IRAS) <1.257E-01 Jy 1990IRASF.C...0000M < 3.63E+36 [W] < 9.44E+09
Far-Infrared100 microns (IRAS) 1.525E+00 +/- 13 % Jy 1990IRASF.C...0000M 5.25E+36 +/- 7.57E+35 [W] 1.37E+10 +/- 1.97E+09
Millimeter31 GHz (GBT) 0.72 +/- 0.28 milliJy 2009ApJ...704.1433M 2.57E+31 +/- 1.01E+31 [W] 6.69E+04 +/- 2.63E+04
Radio1.4 GHz (VLA) 7.4 milliJy 2002AJ....124..675C 1.19E+31 [W] 3.10E+04
NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (34.95 +/- 0.17) mag corresponding to
a Metric Distance of (98.133 +/- 7.416) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

View details and SED for 77 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.


The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

Passband Apparent Major Axis
(2a) [arcsec]
Apparent Minor Axis
(2b) [arcsec]
Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
(2a) [kpc]
Physical Minor Axis
(2b) [kpc]
r (SDSS Isophotal) 82.0839.4057 25.0 mag arcsec^-2^ 2007SDSS6.C...0000:39.0518.74
K_s (2MASS "total") 84.6037.2250 Diameter for "total" magnitude 20032MASX.C.......:20032MASX.C.......:40.2517.71
NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.4758 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (98.133 +/- 7.416) Mpc.
The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

View details for 15 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- IC 1856SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 02291 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 389-021 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +00-08-021 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J02485079-0046029 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASXi J0248507-004602 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
SDSS Sky Server
IRAS Point Source Catalog -- IRAS 02463-0058 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
IRAS Faint Source Catalog -- IRAS F02463-0058 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Query 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey -- 6dF J0248507-004603 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey
Query 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey -- 6dF J0248508-004603 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey
Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 010647 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 010647 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- IC 1856GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- IC 1856NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Resources for position 02h48m50.8s, -00d46m03s (J2000)Site/Service
Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
SDSS Sky Server
Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
Band(s): Size:
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
 Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    Size:     GIF     FITS File  
Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters
The NRAO Data Archive System

Back to NED Home