ARlogo Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1992. 30: 359-89
Copyright © 1992 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved

Reprinted with kind permission from Annual Reviews, 4139 El Camino Way, Palo Alto, California, USA


TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE AS STANDARD CANDLES

David Branch


Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019

G.A. Tammann


Astronomisches Institut der Universität Basel, Venusstrasse 7, CH-4102 Binningen, Switzerland, and European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-8049 Garching/Munchen, Germany


Key Words: cosmology, interstellar extinction, supernova remnants, white dwarfs


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

HOMOGENEITY
Light Curves
Spectra
Peculiar Supernovae
Absolute Magnitudes
Reddening and Extinction

ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE
Historical Galactic Supernovae
SNe Ia in Nearby Galaxies
Sne Ia in the Virgo Cluster
Thermal Emission
Nickel-Cobalt Radioactivity
Summary of Calibrations

PROSPECTS FOR COSMOLOGY
Peculiar Velocities and Streaming Motions
The Hubble Constant
Testing the Nature of the Redshift
The Deceleration Parameter

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

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