Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1994. 32: 277-318
Copyright © 1994 by . All rights reserved

Contents Previous

REFERENCES

  1. Abraham, R.G., Crawford, C.S., Merrifield, M.R., Hutchings, J.B., McHardy, I.M. 1993. Ap. J. 415: 101-12
  2. Allen, S.W., Edge, A.C., Fabian, A.C., Böhringer, H., Crawford, C.S., et al. 1992a. M.N.R.A.S. 259: 67-81
  3. Allen, S.W., Fabian, A.C. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. 269: 409
  4. Allen, S.W., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M., Nulsen, P.E.J., Edge, A.C. 1992b. M.N.R.A.S. 254: 51-58
  5. Allen, S.W., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M., White, D.A., Daines, S.J., et al. 1993. M.N.R.A.S. 262: 901-14
  6. Annis, J., Jewitt, D. 1993. M.N.R.A.S. 264: 593-96
  7. Anton, K., Wagner, S., Appenzeller, I. 1991. Astron. Astrophys. 246: L51-54
  8. Antonucci, R., Barvainis, R. 1994. Astron. J. 107: 448-50
  9. Arnaud, K.A. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 31-40
  10. Arnaud, K.A., Fabian, A.C., Eales, S.A., Jones, C., Forman, W. 1984. M.N.R.A.S. 211: 981-89
  11. Arnaud, K.A., Serlemitsos, P.J., Marshall, F.E., Petre, R., Jahoda, K., et al. 1992. In Frontiers of X-Ray Astronomy, pp. 481-84, ed. Y. Tanaka, K. Kovama. Tokyo: Universal Acad.
  12. Arnaud, M., Rothenflug, R., Boulade, O., Vigroux, L., Vangioni-Flam, E. 1992. Astron. Astrophys. 254: 49-64
  13. Ashman, K.M., Carr, B.J. 1988. M.N.R.A.S. 234: 219-40
  14. Ashman, K.M., Carr, B.J. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 249: 13-24
  15. Balbus, S.A. 1988. Ap. J. 328: 395-403
  16. Balbus, S.A. 1991. Ap. J. 372: 25-30
  17. Balbus, S.A., Soker, N. 1989. Ap. J. 341: 611-30
  18. Balbus, S.A., Soker, N. 1990. Ap. J. 357: 353-66
  19. Ball, R., Burns, J.O., Loken, C. 1993. Astron. J. 105: 53-66
  20. Barthel, P.D., Miley, G.K. 1988. Nature 333: 319-25
  21. Baum, S.A. 1992. See Fabian 1992, pp. 171-98
  22. Baum, S.A., O'Dea, C.P. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 250: 737-49
  23. Becker, P.A. 1992. Ap. J. 397: 88-116
  24. Begelman, M.C., Fabian, A.C. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 244: 26P-29P
  25. Bertschinger, E. 1989. Ap. J. 340: 666-78
  26. Bertschinger, E., Meiksin, A. 1986. Ap. J. Lett. 306: L1-5
  27. Binney, J. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 225-34
  28. Binney, J., Cowie, L.L. 1981. Ap. J. 247: 464-72
  29. Böhringer, H., Fabian, A.C. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 237: 1147-62
  30. Böhringer, H., Morfill, G.E. 1988. Ap. J. 330: 609-19
  31. Böhringer, H., Schwarz, R.A., Briel, U.G., Voges, W., Ebeling, H., et al. 1992. See Fabian 1992, pp. 71-90
  32. Böhringer, H., Voges, W., Fabian, A.C., Edge, A.C., Neumann, D.M. 1993. M.N.R.A.S. 264: L25-28
  33. Borkowski, K.J., Balbus, S.A., Fristrom, C.C. 1990. Ap. J. 355: 501-17
  34. Borkowski, K.J., Shull, J.M. 1990. Ap. J. 348: 169-85
  35. Braine, J., Dupraz, C. 1994. Astron. Astrophys. 283:407-416
  36. Bregman, J.N. 1992. See , pp. 119-30
  37. Bregman, J.N., David, L.P. 1988. Ap. J. 326: 639-44
  38. Bregman, J.N., David, L.P. 1989. Ap. J. 341: 49-53
  39. Bregman, J.N., Hogg, D.E. 1988. Astron. J. 96: 455-57
  40. Bregman, J.N., McNamara, B.R., O'Connell, R.W. 1990. Ap. J. 351: 406-11
  41. Bremer, M.N., Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1992. M.N.R.A.S. 254: 614-26
  42. Brinkmann, W., Massaglia, S., Muller, E. 1990. Astron. Astrophys. 237: 536-44
  43. Burns, J.O. 1990. Astron. J. 99: 14-30
  44. Canizares, C.R. 1981. In X-Ray Astronomy with the Einstein Satellite, ed. R. Giacconi, pp. 215-22. Dordrecht: Reidel
  45. Canizares, C.R., Clark, G.W., Jernigan, J.G., Markert, T.H. 1982. Ap. J. 262: 33-43
  46. Canizares, C.R., Clark, G.W., Markert, T.H., Berg, C., Smedira, M., et al. 1979. Ap. J. Lett. 234: L33-38
  47. Canizares, C.R., Fabbiano, G., Trinchieri, G. 1987. Ap. J. 312: 503-13
  48. Canizares, C.R., Markert, T.H., Donahue, M.E. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 63-72
  49. Canizares, C.R., Markert, R.H., Markoff, S., Hughes, J.P. 1993. Ap. J. Lett. 405: L17-20
  50. Canizares, C.R., Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C. 1983. Ap. J. 272: 449-55
  51. Carilli, C.L., Owen, F.N., Harris, D.L. 1994. Astron. J. 107: 480-93
  52. Carter, D., Jenkins, C.R. 1992. M.N.R.A.S. 257: 7P-12P
  53. Castander, F., et al. 1994. Ap. J. Lett. 424: L79-82
  54. Chevalier, R.A. 1987. Ap. J. 318: 66-77
  55. Chun, E., Rosner, R. 1993. Ap. J. 408: 678-88
  56. Cowie, L.L., Binney, J. 1977. Ap. J. 215: 723-32
  57. Cowie, L.L., Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J. 1980. M.N.R.A.S. 191: 399-410
  58. Cowie, L.L., Hu, E.M., Jenkins, E.B., York, D.G. 1983. Ap. J. 272: 29-47
  59. Crane, P., van der Hulst, J., Haschick, A. 1982. In Extra-Galactic Radio Sources, IAU Symp. 97, pp. 307-8, ed. D.S. Heeschen, C.M. Wade. Dordrecht: Reidel
  60. Crawford, C.S., Arnaud, K.A., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 236: 277-87
  61. Crawford, C.S., Crehan, D.A., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1987. M.N.R.A.S. 224: 1007-11
  62. Crawford, C.S., Edge, A.C., Fabian, A.C., Allen, S.W., Böhringer, H., et al. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. In press
  63. Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 239: 219-45
  64. Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C. 1992. M.N.R.A.S. 259: 265-80
  65. Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C. 1993a. M.N.R.A.S. 260: 15P-19P
  66. Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C. 1993b. M.N.R.A.S. 265: 431-48
  67. Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1988. M.N.R.A.S. 235: 183-92
  68. Crusius-Watzel, A., Biermann, P.L., Lerche, I., Schlickeiser, R. 1990. Ap. J. 360: 417-26
  69. Daines, S.J. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. In press
  70. Daines, S.J., Fabian, A.C., Thomas, P.A. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. 268: 1060
  71. David, L.P., Arnaud, K.A., Forman, W., Jones, C. 1990. Ap. J. 356: 32-40
  72. David, L.P., Bregman, J.N. 1989. Ap. J. 337: 97-107
  73. David, L.P., Bregman, J.N., Seab, C.G. 1988. Ap. J. 329: 66-81
  74. David, L.P., Jones, C., Forman, W., Daines, S.J. 1994. Ap. J. 428: 544-554
  75. de Jong, T., Norgaard-Nielsen, H.U., Jorgensen, H.E., Hansen, L. 1990. Astron. Astrophys. 232: 317-22
  76. De Young, D.S. 1993. Ap. J. Lett. 405: L13-16
  77. Donahue, M., Stocke, J.T. 1994. Ap. J. 422: 459-66
  78. Donahue, M., Stocke, J.T., Gioia, I.M. 1992. Ap. J. 385: 49-60
  79. Donahue, M., Voit, G.M. 1991. Ap. J. 381: 361-72
  80. Donahue, M., Voit, G.M. 1993. Ap. J. Lett. 414: L17-20
  81. Dreher, J.W., Carilli, C.L., Perley, R.A. 1987. Ap. J. 316: 611-25
  82. Edgar, R.J., Chevalier, R.A. 1986. Ap. J. Lett. 310: L27-30
  83. Edge, A.C. 1989. X-Ray Emission from Clusters of Galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Univ. Leicester. 157 pp.
  84. Edge, A.C. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 250: 103-10
  85. Edge, A.C., Fabian, A.C., Allen, S.W., Crawford, C.S., White, D.A., et al. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. 270: L1
  86. Edge, A.C., Stewart, G.C. 1991a. M.N.R.A.S. 252: 414-27
  87. Edge, A.C., Stewart, G.C. 1991b. M.N.R.A.S. 252: 428-41
  88. Edge, A.C., Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C. 1992. M.N.R.A.S. 258: 177-88
  89. Edge, A.C., Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C., Arnaud, K.A. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 245: 559-69
  90. Evrard, A.E. 1990. Ap. J. 363: 349-66
  91. Fabian, A.C, ed. 1988a. Cooling Flows in Clusters and Galaxies. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 391 pp.
  92. Fabian, A.C. 1988b. In Hot Thin Plasmas in Astrophysics, ed. R. Pallavicini. pp. 293-314. Dordrecht:
  93. Fabian, A.C. 1988c. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 315-24
  94. Fabian, A.C. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 238:41P-44P
  95. Fabian, A.C. ed. 1992. Clusters and Superclusters of Galaxies. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 369 pp.
  96. Fabian, A.C., Arnaud, K.A., Nulsen, P.E.J. 1984a. M.N.R.A.S. 208: 179-84
  97. Fabian, A.C., Arnaud, K.A., Nulsen, P.E.J., Watson, M.G., Stewart, G.C., et al. 1985. M.N.R.A.S. 216: 923-32
  98. Fabian, A.C., Arnaud, K.A., Thomas, P.A. 1986. In Dark Matter in the Universe, IAU Symp. 117, p. 212, ed. T.J. Kormendy, G. Knapp. Dordrecht: Reidel
  99. Fabian, A.C., Canizares, C.R., Böhringer, H. 1994a. Ap. J. 425: 40-42
  100. Fabian, A.C., Crawford, C.S. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 247: 439-43
  101. Fabian, A.C., Crawford, C.S., Edge, A.C., Mushotzky, R.F. 1994b. M.N.R.A.S. 267: 779-84
  102. Fabian, A.C., Daines, S.J. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 252: 17P-19P
  103. Fabian, A.C., Daines, S.J., Johnstone, R.M. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. 271: 737
  104. Fabian, A.C., Kembhavi, A.K. 1982 In Extragalactic Radio Sources, ed. D.S. Heeschen, C.M. Wade, p. 453. Dordrecht: Reidel
  105. Fabian, A.C., Ku, W.H-M., Malin, D.F., Mushotzky, R.F., Nulsen, P.E.J., Stewart, G.C. 1981. M.N.R.A.S. 196: 35P-37P
  106. Fabian, A.C., Nulen, P.E.J. 1977. M.N.R.A.S. 180: 479-84
  107. Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J., Canizares, C.R. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 201: 933-38
  108. Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J., Canizares, C.R. 1984b. Nature 310: 733-40
  109. Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J., Canizares, C.R. 1991. Astron. Astrophys. Rev. 2: 191-226
  110. Fabian, A.C., Zarnecki, J.C., Culhane, J.L., Hawkins, F.J., Peacock, A. et al. 1974. Ap. J. Lett. 189: L59-64
  111. Fall, S.M., Rees, M.J. 1985. Ap. J. 298: 18-26
  112. Ferland, G.J., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. 266: 399-411
  113. Forbes, D.A., Crawford, C.S., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 244: 680-90
  114. Ford, H.C., Butcher, H. 1979. Ap. J. Suppl. 41: 147-72
  115. Friaca, A.C.S. 1986. Astron. Astrophys. 164: 6-16
  116. Gaetz, T.J. 1989. Ap. J. 345: 666-73
  117. Garrington, S.T., Leahy, J.P., Conway, R.G., Laing, R.A. 1988. Nature 331: 147-49
  118. Ge, J.P., Owen, F.N. 1993. Astron. J. 105: 778-87
  119. Gil'fanov, M.R., Sunyaev, R.A., Churazov, E.M. 1987. Sov. Astron. Lett. 13: 3-7
  120. Gioia, I.M., Henry, J.P., Maccacaro, T., Morris, S.L., Stocke, J.T., Wolter, A. 1990. Ap. J. Lett. 356: L35-38
  121. Gold, T., Hoyle, F. 1958. In Paris Symp. on Radio Astronomy, p. 574, ed. R.N. Bracewell, Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
  122. Goldman, I., Rephaeli, Y. 1991. Ap. J. 380: 344-50
  123. Gorenstein, P., Fabricant, D., Topka, K., Tucker, W., Harnden, F.R. 1977. Ap. J. Lett. 216: L95-100
  124. Grabelsky, D.A., Ulmer, M.P. 1990. Ap. J. 355: 401-09
  125. Harris, D.L., Carilli, C.L., Perley, R.A. 1994. Nature 367: 713-16
  126. Hattori, M., Habe, A. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 242: 399-418
  127. Heckman, T.M. 1981. Ap. J. Lett. 250: L59-63
  128. Heckman, T.M., Baum, S.A., van Breugel, W.J.M., McCarthy, P. 1989. Ap. J. 338: 48-77
  129. Heckman, T.M., Lehnert, M.D., van Breugel, W.J.M., Miley, G.K. 1991a. Ap. J. 370: 78-101
  130. Heckman, T.M., Lehnert, M.D., Miley, G.K., van Breugel, W.J.M. 1991b. Ap. J. 381: 373-85
  131. Helmken, J., Delvaille, J.P., Epstein, A., Geller, M.J., Schnopper, H.W., Jernigan, J.G. 1978. Ap. J. Lett. 221: L43-48
  132. Henriksen, M.J. 1993. Ap. J. Lett. 407: L13-15
  133. Henry, J.P., Henriksen, M.J. 1986. Ap. J. 301: 689-97
  134. Hill, G.J., Lilly, S.J. 1991. Ap. J. 367: 1-18
  135. Hines, D.C., Wills, B.J. 1993. Ap. J. 415: 82-92
  136. Holtzmann, J.A., Faber, S.M., Shaya, T.R., Lauer, T.J., Groth, E.J., et al. 1992. Astron. J. 103: 691-702
  137. Hu, E.M. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 73-86
  138. Hu, E.M. 1992. Ap. J. 391: 608-16
  139. Hu, E.M., Cowie, L.L., Kaaret, P., Jenkins, E.B., York, D.G., Roesler, F.L. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 275: L27-32
  140. Hu, E.M., Cowie, L.L., Wang, Z. 1985. Ap. J. Suppl. 59: 447-98
  141. Jafelice, L.C. 1992. Astron. J. 104: 1279-89
  142. Jaffe, W. 1987. Astron. Astrophys. 171: 378-79
  143. Jaffe, W. 1990. Astron. Astrophys. 240: 254-58
  144. Jaffe, W. 1991. Astron. Astrophys. 250: 67-69
  145. Jaffe, W. 1992. See Fabian 1992, pp. 109-18
  146. Johnstone, R.M., Fabian, A.C. 1988. M.N.R.A.S. 233: 581-99
  147. Johnstone, R.M., Fabian, A.C., Edge, A.C., Thomas, P.A. 1992. M.N.R.A.S. 255: 431-40
  148. Johnstone, R.M., Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J., 1987. M.N.R.A.S. 224: 75-91
  149. Jones, C., Forman, W. 1984. Ap. J. 276: 38-55
  150. Jones, C., Stern, C., Falco, E., Forman, W., David, L., et at. 1993. Ap. J. 410: 21-28
  151. Katz, N., White, S.D.M. 1993. Ap. J. 412: 455-78
  152. Kent, S.M., Sargent, W.L.W. 1979. Ap. J. 230: 667-80
  153. Kim, K.-T., Tribble, P., Kronberg, P.P. 1991. Ap. J. 379: 80-81
  154. Lahav, O., Edge, A.C., Fabian, A.C., Putney, A. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 238: 881-95
  155. Laing, R.A. 1988. Nature 331: 149-51
  156. Larson, R.B., Dinerstein, H.L. 1975. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 87: 911-15
  157. Lawrence, A., Rowan-Robinson, M., Oliver, S., Taylor, A., McMahon, R.G., et al. 1993. M.N.R.A.S. 260: 28-36
  158. Lazareff, B., Castets, A., Kim, D.-W., Jura, M. 1989. Ap. J. Lett. 336: L13-16
  159. Lea, S.M., Silk, J., Kellogg, E., Murray, S. 1973. Ap. J. Lett. 184: L105-12
  160. Lea, S.M., Mushotzky, R.F., Holt, S.S. 1982. Ap. J. 262: 24-32
  161. Lilly, S.J., Longair, M.S. 1984. M.N.R.A.S. 211: 833-55
  162. Loewenstein, M. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 238: 15-41
  163. Loewenstein, M. 1990. Ap. J. 349: 471-76
  164. Loewenstein, M., Fabian, A.C. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 242: 120-34
  165. Loewenstein, M., Zweibel, E.G., Begelman, M.C. 1991. Ap. J. 377: 392-402
  166. Maccagni, D., Garilli, B., Gioia, I.M., Maccacaro, T., Vettolani, G., Wolter, A. 1988. Ap. J. Lett. 334: L1-4
  167. Mackie, G. 1992. Ap. J. 400: 65-73
  168. Malagoli, A., Rosner, R., Bodo, G. 1987. Ap. J. 319: 632-36
  169. Mathews, W.G. 1989. Astron. J. 97: 42-56
  170. Mathews, W.G., Bregman, J.N. 1978. Ap. J. 224: 308-19
  171. McGlynn, T.A., Fabian, A.C. 1984. M.N.R.A.S. 208: 709-18
  172. McLaughlin, D.E., Harris, W.E., Hanes, D.A. 1993. Ap. J. Lett. 409: L45-48
  173. McNamara, B.R., Bregman, J.N., O'Connell, R.W. 1990. Ap. J. 360: 20-29
  174. McNamara, B.R., O'Connell, R.W. 1989. Astron. J. 98: 2018-43
  175. McNamara, B.R., O'Connell, R.W. 1993. Astron. J. 105: 417-26
  176. Meiksin, A. 1990. Ap. J. 352: 466-94
  177. Mewe, R., Gronenschild, H.B.M. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 45: 11-52
  178. Miller, L. 1986. M.N.R.A.S. 220: 713-22
  179. Mirabel, I.F., Sanders, D.B., Kazes, I. 1989. Ap. J. Lett. 340: L9-12
  180. Mitchell, R.J., Charles, P.A., Culhane, J.L., Davison, P.J.N., Fabian, A.C. 1975. Ap. J. Lett. 200: L5-8
  181. Mulchaey, J.S., Davis, D.S., Mushotzky, R.F., Burstein, D. 1993. Ap. J. Lett. 404: L9-12
  182. Murray, S.D., Balbus, S.A. 1992. Ap. J. 395: 99-112
  183. Mushotzky, R.F. 1992. See Fabian 1992, pp. 91-108
  184. Mushotzky, R.F., Holt, S.S., Smith, B.W., Boldt, E.A., Serlemitsos, P.J. 1981. Ap. J. Lett. 244: L47-52
  185. Mushotzky, R.F., Szymkowiak, A.E. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 53-62
  186. Norgaard-Nielsen, H.U., Goudfrooij, P., Jorgensen, H.E., Hansen, L. 1994. Astron. Astrophys. In press
  187. Norgaard-Nielsen, H.U., Hansen, L., Jorgensen, H.E. 1990. Astron. Astrophys. 240: 70-77
  188. Nulsen, P.E.J. 1986. M.N.R.A.S. 221: 377-92
  189. Nulsen, P.E.J. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, p. 378
  190. Nulsen, P.E.J., Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C. 1984. M.N.R.A.S. 208: 185-95
  191. Nulsen, P.E.J., Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C., Mushotzky, R.F., Holt, S.S., et al. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 199: 1089-100
  192. O'Dea, C.P., Baum, S.A., Tacconi, L.J., Maloney, P.R., Sparks, W.B. 1994. Ap. J. 422: 467-79
  193. Owen, F.N., Eilek, J.A., Keel, W.C. 1990. Ap. J. 362: 449-54
  194. Pedlar, A., Ghataure, H.S., Davies, R.D., Harrison, B.A., Perley, R.A., et al. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 246: 477-89
  195. Perley, R.A., Taylor, G. 1991. Astron. J. 101: 1623-31
  196. Pesce, J.E., Fabian, A.C., Edge, A.C., Johnstone, R.M. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 244: 58-63
  197. Ponman, T.J., Bertram, D. 1993. Nature 363: 51-54
  198. Prestwich, A.H., Joy, M. 1991. Ap. J. Lett. 369: L1-4
  199. Pringle, J.E. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 239: 479-85
  200. Raymond, J.C., Smith, B.W. 1977. Ap. J. Suppl. 35: 419-39
  201. Rees, M.J., Ostriker, J.P. 1977. M.N.R.A.S. 179: 541-59
  202. Rephaeli, Y. 1987. M.N.R.A.S. 225: 851-58
  203. Rephaeli, Y., Gruber, D.E. 1988. Ap. J. 333: 133-35
  204. Richer, H.B., Crabtree, D.R., Fabian, A.C., Lin, D.N.C. 1993. Astron. J. 105: 877-85
  205. Romanishin, W. 1987. Ap. J. Lett. 323: L113-16
  206. Romanishin, W., Hintzen, P. 1989. Ap. J. 341: 41-48
  207. Rothenflug, R., Arnaud, M. 1985. Astron. Astrophys. 144: 431-42
  208. Rubin, V.C., Ford, W.K., Peterson, C.J., Oort, J.H., 1977. Ap. J. 211: 693-96
  209. Rudy, R.J., Cohen, R.D., Rossano, G.S., Erwin, P., Puetter, R.C., et al. 1993. Ap. J. 414: 527-34
  210. Sandage, A. 1971. In Nuclei of Galaxies, p.271, ed. D.J.K. O'Connell. Amsterdam: North Holland
  211. Sarazin, C.L. 1986. Rev. Mod. Phys. 58: 1-116
  212. Sarazin, C.L. 1988. X-Ray Emissions from Clusters of Galaxies. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. 252 pp.
  213. Sarazin, C.L. 1992. See Fabian 1992, pp. 131-50.
  214. Sarazin, C.L., Graney, C.M. 1991. Ap. J. 375: 532-43
  215. Sarazin, C.L., O'Connell, R.W., McNamara, B.R. 1992a. Ap. J. Lett. 389: L59-62
  216. Sarazin, C.L., O'Connell, R.W., McNamara, B.R. 1992b. Ap. J. Lett. 397: L31-34
  217. Sarazin, C.L., Wise, M. 1993. Ap. J. 411: 55-66
  218. Schombert, J.M., Barsony, M., Hanlon, P.C. 1993. Ap. J. 416: L61-65
  219. Schwartz, D.A., Bradt, H.V., Remillard, R.A., Tuohy, I.R. 1991. Ap. J. 376: 424-29
  220. Schwartz, D.A., Schwarz, J., Tucker, W. 1980. Ap. J. Lett. 238: L59-62
  221. Schwarz, R.A., Edge, A.C., Voges, W., Böhringer, H., Ebeling, H., Briel, U.G. 1992. Astron. Astrophys. 256: L11-14
  222. Shafer, R.A., Haberl, F., Arnaud, K.A., Tennant, A.F. 1991. XSPEC Users Guide. Greenbelt, MD: NASA
  223. Shields, J.C., Filippenko, A.V. 1992. Astron. J. 103: 1443-50
  224. Silk, J. 1976. Ap. J. 208: 646-49
  225. Silk, J. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 638-48
  226. Singh, K.P., Westergaard, N.J., Schnopper, H.W. 1986. Ap. J. Lett. 308: L51-54
  227. Singh, K.P., Westergaard, N.J., Schnopper, H.W. 1988. Ap. J. 331: 672-81
  228. Soker, N., Bregman, J.N., Sarazin, C.L. 1991. Ap. J. 368: 341-47
  229. Soker, N., Sarazin, C.L. 1990. Ap. J. 348: 73-84
  230. Sparks, W.B. 1992. Ap. J. 399: 66-75
  231. Sparks, W.B., Ford, H.C., Kinney, A.L. 1993. Ap. J. 413: 531-41
  232. Sparks, W.B., Macchetto, F., Golombek, D. 1989. Ap. J. 345: 153-62
  233. Spitzer, L. 1962. Physics of Fully Ionized Gases. New York: Wiley
  234. Stewart, G.C., Canizares, C.R., Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J. 1984a. Ap. J. 278: 536-43
  235. Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C., Jones, C., Forman, W. 1984b. Ap. J. 285: 1-6
  236. Tadhunter, C.N., Scarrott, S.M., Draper, P., Rolph, C. 1992. M.N.R.A.S. 256: 53P-58P
  237. Takahara, M., Takahara, F. 1979. Prog. Theor. Phys. 62: 1253-65
  238. Taylor, G.B., Perley, R.A., Inoue, M., Kato, T., Tabara, H., Aizu, K. 1990. Ap. J. 360: 41-54
  239. Thomas, P.A. 1988. M.N.R.A.S. 235: 315-41
  240. Thomas, P.A., Fabian, A.C. 1990. M.N.R.A.S. 246: 156-62
  241. Thomas, P.A., Fabian, A.C., Nulsen, P.E.J. 1987. M.N.R.A.S. 228: 973-91
  242. Thuan, T.X., Puschell, J.J. 1989. Ap. J. 346: 34-58
  243. Tribble, P.C. 1989a. M.N.R.A.S. 238: 1-14
  244. Tribble, P.C. 1989b. M.N.R.A.S. 238: 1247-60
  245. Tribble, P.C. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 248: 741-50
  246. Tribble, P.C. 1993. M.N.R.A.S. 263: 31-36
  247. Tucker, W.H., Rosner, R. 1983. Ap. J. 267: 547-50
  248. Valentijn, E.A. 1988. Astron. Astrophys. 203: L17-20
  249. Valentijn, E.A., Bijleveld, W. 1983. Astron. Astrophys. 125: 223-40
  250. Voit, G.M., Donahue, M. 1990. Ap. J. Lett. 360: L15-18
  251. Westbury, C.F., Henriksen, R.N. 1992. Ap. J. 388: 64-81
  252. White, D.A. 1992. The Multiphase Medium of Elliptical Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Univ. Cambridge. 205 pp.
  253. White, D.A., Fabian, A.C., Johnstone, R.M., Mushotzky, R.F., Arnaud, K.A. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 252: 72-81
  254. White, D.A., Fabian, A.C., Allen, S.W., Edge, A.C., Crawford, C.S., et al. 1994. M.N.R.A.S. 269: 589
  255. White, R.E. 1988. See Fabian 1988a, pp. 343-48
  256. White, R.E., Sazazin, C.L. 1987a. Ap. J. 318: 612-20
  257. White, R.E., Sarazin, C.L. 1987b. Ap. J. 318: 621-28
  258. White, R.E., Sarazin, C.L. 1987c. Ap. J. 318: 629-44
  259. White, R.E., Sarazin, C.L. 1988. Ap. J. 335: 688-702
  260. White, S.D.M., Frenk, C.S. 1991. Ap. J. 379: 52-79
  261. White, S.D.M., Rees, M.J. 1978. M.N.R.A.S. 183: 341-58
  262. Wise, M.W. 1993. Ph.D thesis. Univ. Virginia
  263. Wise, M.W., Sarazin, C.L. 1990. Ap. J. 363: 344-48
  264. Wise, M.W., Sarazin, C.L. 1992. Ap. J. 395: 387-402
  265. Wise, M.W., Sarazin, C.L. 1993. Ap. J. 415: 58-74
  266. Yamashita, K. 1992. In Frontiers of X-Ray Astronomy, pp. 475-80, ed. Y Tanaka, K. Koyama. Tokyo: Universal Acad.
  267. Yates, M.G., Miller, L., Peacock, J.A. 1989. M.N.R.A.S. 240: 129-66
  268. Yee, H.K.C., Green, R.F. 1987. Ap. J. 319: 28-43
  269. Yoshida, T., Hattori, M., Habe, A. 1991. M.N.R.A.S. 248: 630-41
  270. Zhao, J.-H., Burns, J.O., Owen, F.N. 1989. Astron. J. 98: 64-107
  271. Zhao, J.-H., Sumi, D.M., Burns, J.O., Duric, N. 1993. Ap. J. 416: 51-61

Contents Previous