Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1984. 22: 37-74
Copyright © 1984 by . All rights reserved

Contents Previous

Literature Cited

  1. Aaronson, M. 1977. Infrared observations of galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Harvard Univ. Cambridge, Mass. 300 pp.
  2. Ables, H.D. 1971. Publ. US Nav. Obs., 2nd Ser. Vol. 20. Part 4
  3. Ables, H.D., Ables, P.N. 1977. Ap. J. Suppl. 34: 245
  4. Alloin, D., Bergeron, J., Pelat, D. 1978. Astron. Astrophys. 70: 141
  5. Allsopp, N. 1978. M.N.R.A.S. 184: 397
  6. Allsopp, N. 1979. M.N.R.A.S. 188: 371
  7. Allsopp, N. 1979. M.N.R.A.S. 188: 765
  8. Ardeberg, A. 1976. Astron. Astrophys. 46: 87
  9. Arp, H. 1966. Ap. J. Suppl. 14: 1
  10. Arp, H. 1981. Ap. J. Suppl. 46: 75
  11. Arp, H. 1982. Ap. J. 256: 54
  12. Arp, H., O'Connell, R.W. 1975. Ap. J. 197: 291
  13. Athanassoula, E., ed. 1983. Internal Kinematics and Dynamics of Galaxies, IAU Symp. No. 100. Dordrecht: Reidel
  14. Audouze, J., Tinsley, B.M. 1976. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 14: 43
  15. Bagnuolo, W.G. 1976. Stellar composition and evolution of irregular and other late-type galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Calif. Inst. Technol., Pasadena. 143 pp.
  16. Bahcall, J.N. 1983. Ap. J. 267: 52
  17. Bahcall, J.N., Schmidt, M., Soneira, R.M. 1982. Ap. J. Lett. 258: L23
  18. Baiesi-Pillastrini, G., Palumbo, G., Vettolani, G. 1983. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 53: 373
  19. Bajaja, E., Loiseau, N. 1982. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 48: 71
  20. Balick, B., Heckman, T.M. 1982. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 20: 431
  21. Balkowski, C., Chamaraux, P., Weliachew, L. 1978. Astron. Astrophys. 69: 263
  22. Barbieri, C., Bonoli, C., Rafanelli, P. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 37: 541
  23. Barbieri, C., Casini, C., Heidmann, J., Serego, S. di, Zambon, M. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 37: 559
  24. Becker, S.A. 1981. Ap. J. Suppl. 45: 475
  25. Becker, S.A., Iben, I.Jr., Tuggle, R.S. 1977. Ap. J. 218: 633
  26. Becker, S.A., Mathews, G.J. 1983. Ap. J. 270: 155
  27. Benacchio, L., Galletta, G. 1981. Ap. J. Lett. 243: L65
  28. Benvenuti, P., Casini, C., Heidmann, J. 1979. Nature. 282: 272
  29. Benvenuti, P., Casini, C., Heidmann, J. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 198: 825
  30. Bergeron, J. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 62
  31. Bergvall, N. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 97: 302
  32. Bertola, F. 1967. Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 38: 417
  33. Biermann, P., Fricke, K. 1977. Astron. Astrophys. 54: 461
  34. Blackman, C., Axon, D., Taylor, K. 1979. M.N.R.A.S. 189: 751
  35. Blitz, L., Glassgold, A.E. 1982. Ap. J. 252: 481
  36. Boesgaard, A.M., Edwards, S., Heidmann, J. 1982. Ap. J. 252: 487
  37. Bosma, A. 1981. Astron. J. 86: 1791
  38. Bosma, A. 1981. Astron. J. 86: 1825
  39. Bothun, G., Caldwell, N. 1984. Preprint
  40. Brinks, E. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 95: L1
  41. Brosche, P. 1971. Astron. Astrophys. 13: 293
  42. Bruck, H.H., Coyne, G.V., Longair, M.S., eds. 1982. Astrophysical Cosmology. Vatican: Pontif. Acad. Sci. Scr. Varia
  43. Bruck, M.T. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 87: 92
  44. Brunish, W., Truran, J. 1982. Ap. J. Suppl. 49: 447
  45. Burbidge, E., Burbidge, G., Hoyle, F. 1963. Ap. J. 138: 873
  46. Butcher, H. 1977. Ap. J. 216: 372
  47. Capaccioli, M. 1982. In Eur. IUE Conf., 3rd, pp. 59-68. The Netherlands: ESA Sci. Tech. Publ. Branch
  48. Carruthers, G.R., Page, T. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 728
  49. Carruthers, G.R., Page, T. 1983. Ap. J. Suppl. 53: 623
  50. Casini, C., Heidmann, J. 1976. Astron. Astrophys. 47: 371
  51. Casini, C., Heidmann, J. 1978. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 34: 91
  52. Cassinelli, J., Mathis, J., Savage, B. 1981. Science. 212: 1497
  53. Chamaraux, P. 1977. Astron. Astrophys. 60: 67
  54. Cheriguene, M.F. 1975. In La Dynamique des Galaxies Spirales, ed. L. Weliachew, pp. 439-81. Paris: CNRS
  55. Chiosi, C., Matteucci, F. 1982. Astron. Astrophys. 110: 54
  56. Christian, C.A., Schommer, R.A. 1982. Ap. J. Suppl. 49: 405
  57. Christian, C.A., Tully, R.B. 1983. Astron. J. 88: 934
  58. Chun, M.S. 1978. Astron. J. 83: 1062
  59. Code, A.D., Welch, G. 1982. Ap. J. 256: 1
  60. Cohen, J. 1981. See Ref. 275, pp. 229-34
  61. Coleman, G., Wu, C.-C., Weedman, D. 1980. Ap. J. Suppl. 43: 393
  62. Colin, J., Athanassoula, E. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 97: 63
  63. Colin, J., Athanassoula, E. 1983. See Ref. 13, pp. 239-40
  64. Comins, N.F. 1983. Ap. J. 266: 543
  65. Cottrell, G.A. 1978. M.N.R.A.S. 184: 259
  66. Coupinot, G., Hecquet, J., Heidmann, J. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 199: 451
  67. Crutcher, R.M., Rogstad, O.H., Chu, K. 1978. Ap. J. 225: 784
  68. Davis, M., Lecar, M., Pryor, C., Witten, E. 1981. Ap. J. 250: 423
  69. Dennefeld, M., Tammann, G. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 83: 275
  70. de Vaucouleurs, G. 1955. Astron. J. 60: 126
  71. de Vaucouleurs, G. 1960. Ap. J. 131: 265
  72. de Vaucouleurs, G. 1959. Handb. Phys. 53: 275
  73. de Vaucouleurs, G. 1960. Ap. J. 131: 574
  74. de Vaucouleurs, G. 1961. Ap. J. 133: 405
  75. de Vaucouleurs, G. 1964. See Ref. 207, p. 269
  76. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A. 1958. Lowell Obs. Bull. No. 92
  77. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A. 1972. M.N.R.A.S. 77: 1
  78. de Vaucouleurs, G., Freeman, K. 1972. Vistas Astron. 14: 163
  79. de Vaucouleurs, G., Moss, C. 1983. Ap. J. 271: 123
  80. de Vaucouleurs, G., Pence, W.D. 1980. Ap. J. 242: 18
  81. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., Buta, R. 1981. Astron. J. 86: 1429
  82. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., Buta, R. 1983. Astron. J. 88: 764
  83. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., Corwin, H.G. 1976. Second Reference Catalog of Bright Galaxies. Austin: Univ. Texas Press
  84. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., Pence, W. 1974. Ap. J. Lett. 194: L119
  85. Dicke, R.H., Peebles, P.J.E. 1968. Ap. J. 154: 891
  86. Donas, J., Deharveng, J.M. 1984. Preprint
  87. Dostal, V.A. 1979. Sov. Astron. AJ 23: 135
  88. Downes, R., Margon, B. 1981. Astron. J. 86: 19
  89. Dufour, R.J., Harlow, W.V. 1977. Ap. J. 216: 706
  90. Durisen, R.H., Tohline, J.E., Burns, J.A., Dobrovoloskis, A.R. 1983. Ap. J. 264: 392
  91. Efremov, Yu. 1982. Sov. Astron. Lett. 8: 357
  92. Efremov, Yu., Pavlovskaya, E. 1982. Sov. Astron. Lett. 8(1): 4
  93. Efstathiou, G., Lake, G., Negroponte, J. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 199: 1069
  94. Einasto, J. 1972. Astrophys. Lett. 11: 195
  95. Elmegreen, B., Elmegreen, D., Morris, M. 1980. Ap. J. 240: 455
  96. Elmegreen, B.G. 1982. Ap. J. 253: 655
  97. Elmegreen, D.M. 1980. Ap. J. Suppl. 43: 37
  98. Elmegreen, D., Elmegreen, B. 1980. Astron. J. 85: 1325
  99. Fabbiano, G., Feigelson, E., Zamorani, G. 1982. Ap. J. 256: 397
  100. Fabbiano, G., Panagia, N. 1983. Ap. J. 266: 568
  101. Faber, S.M. 1982. See Ref. 42, pp. 191-217
  102. Faber, S.M., Gallagher, J.S. 1979. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 17: 135
  103. Faber, S.M., Lin, D.N.C. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 266: L17
  104. Fairall, A.P. 1980. M.N.R.A.S. 191: 391
  105. Feitzinger, J.V. 1980. Space Sci. Rev. 27: 35 (In German)
  106. Feitzinger, J.V. 1983. See Ref. 13, p. 241
  107. Feitzinger, J.V., Schlosser, W., Schmidt-Kaler, Th., Winkler, Chr. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 84: 50
  108. Feitzinger, J.V., Glassgold, A.E., Gerola, H., Seiden, P. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 98: 371
  109. Fisher, J.R., Tully, R.B. 1975. Astron. Astrophys. 44: 151
  110. Fisher, J.R., Tully, R.B. 1981. Ap. J. Suppl. 47: 139
  111. Fitzpatrick, E.L., Savage, B.D. 1983. Ap. J. 267: 93
  112. Flower, P. 1982. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 94: 894
  113. Flower, P. 1983. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 95: 122
  114. Ford, H.C. 1970. The kinematics and stellar content of populous clusters in the Magellanic Clouds. Ph.D thesis. Univ. Wis., Madison. 148 pp.
  115. Fransson, C., Epstein, R. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 198: 1127
  116. Freedman, W.L., Madore, B.S. 1983. Ap. J. 265: 140
  117. Freeman, K. 1970. Ap. J. 160: 811
  118. Freeman, K.C. 1980. In Star Clusters, IAU Symp. No. 85, ed. J.E. Hesser, pp. 317-23. Dordrecht: Reidel
  119. Freeman, K.C., Illingworth, G., Oemler, A. 1983. Ap. J. 272: 488
  120. French, H. 1980. Ap. J. 240: 41
  121. French, H., Miller, J. 1981. Ap. J. 248: 468
  122. Frogel, J., Blanco, V. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 274: L57
  123. Frogel, J. 1984. In preparation
  124. Gallagher, J., Hunter, D. 1983. Ap. J. 274: 141
  125. Gallagher, J., Hunter, D., Knapp, G. 1981. Astron. J. 86: 344
  126. Gallagher, J., Hunter, D., Tutukov, A. 1984. Ap. J. Ap. J. 284: 544
  127. Gascoigne, S.C.B. 1980. In Star Clusters, IAU Symp. No. 85, ed. J.E. Hesser. pp. 305-15. Dordrecht: Reidel
  128. Gascoigne, S., Bessell, M., Norris, J. 1981. See Ref. 275, pp. 223-28
  129. Gerola, H., Carnevali, P., Salpeter, E.E. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 268: L75
  130. Gerola, H., Seiden, P. 1978. Ap. J. 223: 129
  131. Gerola, H., Seiden, P., Schulman, L. 1980. Ap. J. 242: 517
  132. Gillelt, F.C., Kleinmann, D.E., Wright, E.L., Capps, R.W. 1975. Ap. J. Lett. 198: L65
  133. Goad, J.W., De Veny, J.B., Goad, L.E. 1979. Ap. J. Suppl. 39: 439
  134. Goad, J.W., Roberts, M.S. 1981. Ap. J. 250: 79
  135. Gordon, D., Gottesman, S.T. 1981. Astron. J. 86: 161
    135a.Gordon, M.A., Heidmann, J., Epstein, E.E. 1982. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 94: 415
  136. Gottesman, S., Weliachew, L. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 47
  137. Gottesman, S., Weliachew, L. 1977. Astron. Astrophys. 61: 523
  138. Graham, J.A. 1975. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 87: 641
  139. Graham, J.A. 1977. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 89: 425
  140. Graham, J.A. 1982. Ap. J. 252: 474
  141. Graham, J.A., Lawrie, D.G. 1982. Ap. J. Lett. 253: L73
  142. Guibert, J. 1979. In Stars and Star Systems, p. 85. Boston: Reidel
  143. Gunn, J. 1982. See Ref. 42, pp. 233-62
    143a.Gusten, R., Mezger, P. 1982. Vistas Astron. 26: 159
  144. Hardy, E. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 718
  145. Hardy, E. 1978. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 90: 132
  146. Hartwick, F.D.A. 1980. Ap. J. 236: 754
  147. Hawkins, M.R.S., Bruck, M.T. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 198: 935
  148. Heckman, T. 1974. Astron. J. 79: 1040
    148a.Heeschen, D.S., Heidmann, J., Yin, Q.F. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 267: L73
  149. Heidmann, J. 1979. Ann. Phys. Fr. 4: 205
  150. Heidmann, J. 1983. In Highlights of Astronomy, IAU Gen. Assem., Patras, 6: 611
  151. Heidmann, J., Klein, U., Wielebinski, R. 1982. Astron. Astrophys. 105: 188
  152. Heiles, C. 1979. Ap. J. 229: 533
  153. Herschel, J.F. 1847. In Results of Astronomical Observations Made During the Years 1834-38 at the Cape of Good Hope, pp. 137-43. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  154. Hindman, J.V., Balnaves, K.V. 1967. Aust. J. Phys. Astrophys. Suppl. No. 4
  155. Hitchcock, J.L., Hodge, P.W. 1968. Ap. J. 152: 1067
  156. Hodge, P. 1961. Ap. J. 133: 413
  157. Hodge, P. 1966. Ap. J. 146: 593
  158. Hodge, P. 1967. Ap. J. 148: 719
  159. Hodge, P. 1969. Ap. J. 156: 847
  160. Hodge, P. 1971. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 9: 35
  161. Hodge, P. 1972. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 84: 365
  162. Hodge, P. 1973. Astron. J. 78: 807
  163. Hodge, P. 1974. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 86: 263
  164. Hodge, P. 1975. Ap. J. 201: 556
  165. Hodge, P. 1977. Ap. J. Suppl. 33: 69
  166. Hodge, P. 1978. Ap. J. Suppl. 37: 145
  167. Hodge, P. 1980. Ap. J. 241: 125
  168. Hodge, P. 1981. See Ref. 275, pp. 205-14
  169. Hodge, P. 1983. Astron. J. 88: 1323
  170. Hodge, P. 1983. Ap. J. 264: 470
  171. Hodge, P., Lucke, P.B. 1970. Astron. J. 75: 933
  172. Hoessel, J., Danielson, G. 1983. Ap. J. 271: 65
  173. Hoessel, J., Mould, J. 1982. Ap. J. 254: 38
  174. Holmberg, E. 1958. Medd. Lunds Astron. Obs., Ser. 2, No. 136
  175. Hubble, E. 1922. Ap. J. 56: 162
  176. Hubble, E. 1926. Ap. J. 64: 321
  177. Huchra, J. 1977. Ap. J. Suppl. 35: 171
  178. Huchra, J. 1977. Ap. J. 217: 928
  179. Huchra, J.P., Geller, M., Willner, S., Hunter, D., Gallagher, J. 1982. In Advances in Ultraviolet Astronomy: Four Years of IUE Research, NASA Conf. Publ. 2238, ed. Y. Kondo, J.M. Meade, R.D. Chapman, pp. 151-55
  180. Huchra, J., Geller, M., Gallagher, J., Hunter, D., Hartmann, L., et al. 1983. Ap. J. 274: 125
  181. Huchtmeier, W.K. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. 75: 170
  182. Huchtmeier, W.K., Seiradarkis, J.H., Materne, J. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 91: 341
  183. Huchtmeier, W.K., Seiradarkis, J.H., Materne, J. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 102: 134
  184. Humphreys, R.M. 1979. Ap. J. Suppl. 39: 389
  185. Humphreys, R.M. 1980. Ap. J. 238: 65
  186. Humphreys, R.M. 1983. Ap. J. 269: 335
  187. Humphreys, R.M. 1983. Ap. J. 265: 176
  188. Hunter, D. 1982. Ap. J. 260: 81
  189. Hunter, D. 1982. Global and local properties of non-interacting irregular galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Univ. Ill., Urbana. 271 pp.
  190. Hunter, D. 1984. Ap. J. Lett. 276: 35
  191. Hunter, D., Gallagher, J., Rautenkranz, D. 1982. Ap. J. Suppl. 49: 53
  192. Iben, I. Jr. 1974. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 12: 215
  193. Iben, I. Jr., Renzini, A. 1983. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 21: 271
  194. Ikeuchi, S. 1981. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 33: 211
  195. Israel, F. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 90: 246
  196. Israel, F.P., Koornneef, J. 1979. Ap. J. 230: 390
  197. Israel, F.P., de Graauw, T., Lidholm, S., van de Stadt, H., de Vries, C. 1982. Ap. J. 262: 100
  198. Isserstedt, J., Reinhardt, M. 1976. M.N.R.A.S. 176: 693
  199. Johnson, H.M. 1961. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 73: 20
  200. Jura, M., Hobbs, R.W., Maran, S.P. 1978. Astron. J. 83: 153
  201. Karachentsev, I.E. 1981. Sov. Astron. Lett. 7: 1
  202. Kayser, S. 1967. Astron. J. 72: 134
  203. Kennicutt, R. 1979. Ap. J. 228: 394
  204. Kennicutt, R. 1979. Ap. J. 228: 696
  205. Kennicutt, R. 1983. Ap. J. 272: 54
  206. Kennicutt, R.C., Kent, S.M. 1983. Astron. J. 88: 1094
  207. Kerr, F.J., Rodgers, A.W., eds. 1964. The Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds, IAU Symp. No. 20. Canberra: Aust. Natl. Acad. Sci.
  208. Kinman, T. 1984. In Astronomy with Schmidt-Type Telescopes, IAU Colloq. No. 78. In press
  209. Kinman, T., Davidson, K. 1981. Ap. J. 243: 127
  210. Kinman, T.D., Davidson, K. 1982. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 307: 37
  211. Kinman, T., Green, J., Mahaffey, C. 1979. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 91: 749
  212. Knapp, G.R. 1983. In Kinematics, Dynamics, and Structure of the Milky Way, IAU Symp. No. 101, ed. W.L.H. Shuter, p. 233. Dordrecht: Reidel
  213. Kraan-Korteweg, R., Tammann, G. 1979. Astron. Nachr. 300: 181
  214. Krienke, O.K., Hodge, P.W. 1974. Astron. J. 79: 1242
  215. Kunth, D., Sargent, W.L.W. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 36: 259
  216. Kunth, D., Sargent, W.L.W. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 101: L5
    216a.Kunth, D., Sargent, W.L.W. 1983. Ap. J. 273: 81
  217. Lada, C., Blitz, L., Elmegreen, B. 1978. In Protostars and Planets, p. 341. Tucson: Univ. Ariz. Press
  218. Lake, G., Schommer, R.A. 1984. Preprint
  219. Lamb, S., Gallagher, J., Hjellming, M., Hunter, D. 1984. Preprint
  220. Larson, R., Tinsley, B. 1978. Ap. J. 219: 46
  221. Larson, R.B., Tinsley, B.M., Caldwell, C.N. 1980. Ap. J. 237: 692
  222. Lequeux, J. 1979. Rev. Mex. Astron. Astrofis. 4: 325
  223. Lequeux, J. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. 71: 1
  224. Lequeux, J. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. 80: 35
  225. Lequeux, J., Maucherat-Joubert, M., Deharveng, J., Kunth, D. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 103: 305
  226. Lequeux, J., Peimbert, M., Rayo, J., Serrano, A., Torres-Peimbert, S. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. 80: 155
  227. Lequeux, J., Viallefond, F. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 91: 269
  228. Lequeux, J., West, R.M. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 103: 319
  229. Lin, D.N.C., Faber, S. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 266: L21
  230. Lo, K.Y., Sargent, W.L.W. 1979. Ap. J. 227: 756
  231. Longmore, A., Hawarden, T., Goss, W., Mebold, U., Webster, B. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 200: 325
  232. Longmore, A., Hawarden, T., Webster, B., Goss, W., Mebold, U. 1978. M.N.R.A.S. 183: 97p
  233. Lundmark, K. 1926. Uppsala Obs. Medd. No. 7
  234. Madore, B. 1982. Ap. J. 253: 575
  235. Madore, B., van den Bergh, S., Rogstad, D. 1974. Ap. J. 191: 317
  236. Marcelin, M., Athanassoula, E. 1982. Astron. Astrophys. 105: 76
  237. Massey, P., Hutchings, J.B. 1983. Ap. J. 275: 578
  238. Matteucci, F., Chiosi, C. 1983. Astron. Astrophys. 123: 121
  239. Maucherat-Joubert, M., Lequeux, J., Rocca-Volmerange, B. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 86: 299
  240. McAlary, C.M., Madore, B.F., Davis, L.F. 1984. Preprint
  241. McGee, R.X., Milton, J.A. 1966. Aust. J. Phys. 19: 343
  242. McGee, R.X., Newton, L.M. 1981. Proc. Astron. Soc. Aust. 4: 189
  243. Meaburn, J. 1980. M.N.R.A.S. 192: 365
  244. Mezger, P.G., Smith, L.F. 1977. In Star Formation, IAU Symp. No. 75, ed. T. de Jong, A. Maeder, pp. 133-69. Dordrecht: Reidel
  245. Miller, G., Scalo, J. 1979. Ap. J. Suppl. 41: 513
    245a.Moffat, A.F.J., Seggewiss, W. 1983. Astron. Astrophys. 125: 83
  246. Monnet, G. 1971. Astron. Astrophys. 12: 379
  247. Morgan, W.W. 1958. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 70: 364
  248. Morgan, W.W., Osterbrock, D.E. 1969. Astron. J. 74: 515
  249. Mould, J., Aaronson, M. 1982. Ap. J. 263: 629
  250. Mouschovias, T. Ch. 1981. In Fundamental Problems in the Theory of Stellar Evolution, IAU Symp. No. 93, ed. D.Q. Lamb, D.N. Schramm, pp. 27-62. Dordrecht: Reidel
  251. Mouschovias, T. Ch., Shu, F.H., Woodward, P.R. 1974. Astron. Astrophys. 33: 73
  252. Mueller, M., Arnett, D. 1976. Ap. J. 210: 670
  253. Nail, V., Shapley, H. 1953. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 39: 358
  254. Nelson, M., Hodge, P. 1983. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 95: 5
    254a.Nilson, P. 1973. Uppsala General Catalogue of Galaxies. Uppsala: Uppsala Offset Cent.
  255. Norman, C. 1983. See Ref. 13, p. 163
  256. Opik, E.J. 1953. Irish Astron. J. 2: 219
  257. O'Connell, R., Mangano, J. 1978. Ap. J. 221: 62
  258. O'Connell, R.W., Thuan, T.X., Goldstein, S.J. 1978. Ap. J. Lett. 226: L11
  259. Olive, K.A., Schramm, D.H., Steigman, G., Turner, M.S., Yang, J. 1981. Ap. J. 246: 557
  260. Ostriker, J.P., Cowie, L.L. 1981. Ap. J. Lett. 243: L127
  261. Ostriker, J.P., Ikeuchi, S. 1983. Ap. J. Lett. 268: L63
  262. Ostriker, J.P., Peebles, P.J.E. 1973. Ap. J. 186: 467
  263. Page, T., Carruthers, G.R. 1981. Ap. J. 248: 906
  264. Page, T., Carruthers, G.R., Hill, R. 1978. S-201 Catalog of Far Ultraviolet Objects, NRL Rep. 8173
  265. Pagel, B.E.J. 1982. Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 307: 19
  266. Pagel, B., Edmunds, M., Blackwell, D., Chun, M., Smith, G. 1979. M.N.R.A.S. 189: 95
  267. Pagel, B., Edmunds, M., Smith, G. 1980. M.N.R.A.S. 193: 219
  268. Pagel, B.E.J., Edmunds, M.G. 1981. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 19: 77
  269. Payne-Gaposhkin, C. 1974. Smithsonian Contrib. Astrophys. No. 16
  270. Peimbert, M., Spinrad, H. 1970. Astron. Astrophys. 7: 311
  271. Peimbert, M., Torres-Peimbert, S. 1974. Ap. J. 193: 327
  272. Persson, S., Aaronson, M., Cohen, J., Frogel, J., Matthews, K. 1983. Ap. J. 266: 105
  273. Petrosyan, A.R. 1981. Astrofizika 17: 421
  274. Petrosyan, A.R., Saakyan, K., Khachikyan, E. 1979. Astrofizika 15: 209
  275. Philip, A.G.D., Hayes, D.S., eds. 1981. Astrophysical Parameters for Globular Clusters, IAU Colloq. No. 68. Schenectady, NY: L. Davis
  276. Primack, J., Blumenthal, G. 1984. Pre-print
  277. Rabin, D. 1982. Ap. J. 261: 85
  278. Reaves, G. 1983. Ap. J. Suppl. 53: 375
  279. Renzini, A. 1981. Ann. Phys. Fr. 6: 87
  280. Reynolds, R., Roesler, F., Scherb, F. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 115
  281. Rieke, G.H., Lebofsky, M.J., Thompson, R.I., Low, F.J., Tokunaga, A.T. 1980. Ap. J. 238: 24
  282. Rieke, G.H., Lebofsky, M.J. 1979. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 17: 477
  283. Rocca-Volmerange, B., Lequeux, J., Maucherat-Joubert, M. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 104: 177
    283a.Rocca-Volmerange, B., Prevot, L., Ferlet, R., Lequeux, J., Prevot-Burnichon, M.L. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. 99: L5
  284. Rood, R.T., Iben, I. Jr. 1968. Ap. J. 154: 215
  285. Rosa, M., Solf, J. 1984. Preprint
  286. Rots, A. 1980. Astron. Astrophys. 41: 189
  287. Rubin, V.C., Ford, W.C. Jr., Thonnard, N. 1980. Ap. J. 238: 471
  288. Ruotsalainen, R.W. 1982. Multicolor photometry of stars in dwarf irregular galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu. 207 pp.
  289. Salpeter, E.E. 1959. Ap. J. 129: 608
  290. Sandage, A. 1961. Hubble Atlas of Galaxies, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 618
  291. Sandage, A. 1971. Ap. J. 166: 13
  292. Sandage, A.R. 1975. In Galaxies and the Universe, ed. A. Sandage, M. Sandage, J. Kristian, pp. 1-35. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press
  293. Sandage, A.R., Binggeli, B., Tarenghi, M. 1982. Carnegie Inst. Washington Yearb. 81: 623
  294. Sandage, A., Brucato, R. 1979. Astron. J. 84: 472
  295. Sandage, A., Carlson, G. 1982. Ap. J. 258: 439
  296. Sandage, A., Katem, B. 1976. Astron. J. 81: 743
  297. Sandage, A., Tammann, G. 1974. Ap. J. 190: 525
  298. Sandage, A., Tammann, G. 1974. Ap. J. 194: 223
  299. Sandage, A., Tammann, G. 1974. Ap. J. 194: 559
  300. Sandage, A., Tammann, G. 1981. Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog of Bright Galaxies, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 635. 157 pp.
  301. Sandage, A., Tammann, G. 1982. See Ref. 42, pp. 23-84
  302. Sargent, W.L.W. 1970. Ap. J. 160: 405
  303. Sargent, W.L.W., Sancisi, R., Lo, K.V. 1983. Ap. J. 265: 711
  304. Sargent, W.L.W., Searle, L. 1970. Ap. J. Lett. 162: L155
  305. Savage, B.D., Fitzpatrick, E.L., Cassinelli, J.P., Ebbets, D.B. 1983. Ap. J. 273: 597
  306. Savage, B.D., Mathis, J.S. 1979. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 17: 73
  307. Scalo, J. 1984. Fundam. Cosmic Phys. In preparation
  308. Schmidt, M. 1959. Ap. J. 129: 243
  309. Schmidt, Th. 1976. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 24: 357
  310. Schweizer, F. 1976. Ap. J. Suppl. 31: 313
  311. Schweizer, F. 1982. Ap. J. 252: 455
  312. Searle, L., Sargent, W. 1972. Ap. J. 173: 25
  313. Searle, L., Sargent, W., Bagnuolo, W. 1973. Ap. J. 179: 427
  314. Searle, L., Wilkinson, A., Bagnuolo, W.G. 1980. Ap. J. 239: 803
  315. Seiden, P., Gerola, H. 1979. Ap. J. 233: 56
  316. Seiden, P.E., Gerola, H. 1982. Fundam. Cosmic Phys. 7: 241
  317. Seiden, P.E., Schulman, L.S., Feitzinger, J.V. 1982. Ap. J. 253: 91
  318. Sellwood, J.A. 1983. See Ref. 13, pp. 197-202
  319. Sersic, J.L. 1964. See Ref. 207, pp. 208-11
  320. Sersic, J.L., Bajaja, E., Colomb, R. 1977. Astron. Astrophys. 59: 19
  321. Sersic, J.L., Pastoriza, M.G., Carranza, G.J. 1968. Astrophys. Lett. 2: 45
  322. Sersic, J.L., Calderon, J.H. 1979. Astrophys. Space Sci. 62: 211
  323. Shapovalova, A.I. 1971. Vestn. Kiev Univ. Ser. Astron. No. 13, p. 104
  324. Shore, S.N. 1981. Ap. J. 249: 93
  325. Shore, S.N. 1983. Ap. J. 265: 202
  326. Shostak, G., van Woerden, H. 1983. See Ref. 13, pp. 33-34
  327. Silk, J. 1983. Nature 301: 574
  328. Silk, J., Norman, C. 1981. Ap. J. 247: 59
  329. Smith, H.E. 1975. Ap. J. 199: 591
  330. Smith, L., Biermann, P., Mezger, P. 1978. Astron. Astrophys. 66: 65
  331. Smith, M.G., Weedman, D.W. 1973. Ap. J. 179: 461
  332. Solinger, A., Morrison, P., Markert, T. 1977. Ap. J. 211: 707
  333. Stewart, G.C., Fabian, A.C., Terlevich, R.J., Hazard, C. 1982. M.N.R.A.S. 200: 61p
  334. Strom, S. 1980. Ap. J. 237: 686
  335. Struck-Marcell, C., Tinsley, B. 1978. Ap. J. 221: 562
  336. Stryker, L.L. 1983. Ap. J. 266: 82
  337. Stryker, L., Butcher, H. 1982. See Ref. 275, pp. 255-60
  338. Stryker, L.L., Butcher, H.R., Jewell, J.L. 1982. See Ref. 275, pp. 267-71
  339. Talbot, R.J., Arnett, W.D. 1971. Ap. J. 170: 409
  340. Talent, D.L. 1981. A spectra photometric study of H II regions in chemically young galaxies. Ph.D thesis. Rice Univ., Houston, Tex. 161 pp.
  341. Tammann, G. 1980. See Ref. 343, p. 3
  342. Tamura, S., Hasegawa, M. 1979. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 31: 329
  343. Tarenghi, M., Kjar, K., eds. 1980. Dwarf Galaxies, ESO/ESA Rep.
  344. Tayler, R.J. 1976. M.N.R.A.S. 177: 39
  345. Telesco, C., Harper, D.A. 1980. Ap. J. 235: 392
  346. Tenorio-Tagle, G., Yorke, H., Boden-heimer, P. 1982. In Mechanismes de Production d'Energie dans le Milieu Interstellaire, ed. J.P. Sivan, pp. 181-99. Marseille: Lab. Astron. Spat. CNRS
  347. Terlevich, R., Melnick, J. 1981. M.N.R.A.S. 195: 839
  348. Terlevich, R., Melnick, J. 1984. M.N.R.A.S. Submitted for publication (ESO Pre-print No. 264)
  349. Thuan, T.X. 1983. Ap. J. 268: 667
  350. Thuan, T.X., Martin, G.E. 1981. Ap. J. 247: 823
  351. Thuan, T.X., Seitzer, P. 1979. Ap. J. 231: 680
  352. Thuan, T.X., Seitzer, P. 1979. Ap. J. 231: 327
  353. Tinsley, B.M. 1980. Fundam. Cosmic Phys. 5: 287
  354. Tinsley, B.M. 1981. M.N.R.A.S. 194: 63
  355. Tinsley, B.M., Larson, R.B., eds. 1977. The Evolution of Galaxies and Stellar Populations. New Haven. Conn: Yale Univ. Obs.
  356. Toomre, A. 1964. Ap. J. 139: 1217
  357. Toomre, A. 1977. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 15: 437
  358. Toomre, A. 1977. See Ref. 355, pp. 401-16
  359. Toomre, A., Toomre, J. 1972. Ap. J. 178: 623
  360. Tremaine, S., Gunn, J.E. 1979. Phys. Rev. Lett. 42: 407
    360a.Tully, R.B., Bottinelli, L., Fisher, J.R., Gouguenheim, L., Sancisi, R., van Woerden, H. 1978. Astron. Astrophys. 63: 37
  361. Tully, R., Boesgaard, A., Dyck, H., Schempp, W. 1981. Ap. J. 246: 38
  362. Tully, R.B. 1982. Ap. J. 257: 389
  363. Tully, R.B., Christian, C.A. 1983. Astron. J. 88: 934
  364. Twarog, B. 1980. Ap. J. 242: 242
  365. van den Bergh, S. 1959. Publ. Dom. Astrophys. Obs., Victoria, BC 2: 147
  366. van den Bergh, S. 1966. Astron. J. 71: 922
  367. van den Bergh, S. 1972. J.R. Astron. Soc. Can. 66: 237
  368. van den Bergh, S. 1977. See Ref. 355, pp. 19-37
  369. van den Bergh, S. 1979. Ap. J. 230: 95
  370. van den Bergh, S. 1980. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 92: 122
    370a.van den Bergh, S. 1981. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 46: 79
  371. van den Bergh, S. 1982. Astron. J. 87: 987
  372. van den Bergh, S., Humphreys, R.M. 1979. Astron. J. 84: 604
  373. van der Hulst, J.M. 1979. Astron. Astrophys. 75: 97
  374. van der Kruit, P.C., Allen, R.J. 1978. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 16: 103
  375. van der Kruit, P.C., Shostak, G.S. 1983. See Ref. 13, pp. 69-76
  376. van Woerden, H., Bosma, A., Mebold, U. 1975. In La Dynamique des Galaxies Spirales, p. 483. Paris: CNRS
  377. Viallefond, F., Thuan, T.X. 1983. Ap. J. 269: 444
  378. Vorontsov-Velyaminov, V.V. 1959. Atlas and Catalog of Interacting Galaxies. Moscow: Moscow Univ.
  379. Vorontsov-Velyaminov, V.V. 1977. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 28: 1
  380. Webster, B.L., Goss, W.M., Hawarden, T.G., Longmore, A.J., Mebold, U. 1979. M.N.R.A.S. 186: 31
  381. Webster, B.L., Smith, M.G. 1983. M.N.R.A.S. 204: 743
  382. Werner, M., Becklin, E., Gatley, I., Ellis, M., Hyland, A., et al. 1978. M.N.R.A.S. 184: 365
  383. Westerlund, B., Mathewson, D. 1966. M.N.R.A.S. 131: 371
  384. White, S.D.M. 1982. In Morphology and Dynamics of Galaxies, 12th Saas Fee Course, ed. L. Martinet, M. Mayor, p. 293. Sauverny: Geneva Obs.
  385. Wirth, A., Gallagher, J.S. 1980. Ap. J. 242: 469
  386. Wirth, A., Gallagher, J.S. 1984. Ap. J. 282: 85
  387. Wood, P.R., Bessell, M.S., Fox, M.W. 1983. Ap. J. 272: 99
  388. Wray, J.D., de Vaucouleurs, G. 1980. Astron. J. 85: 1
  389. Yang, J., Turner, M.S., Steigman, G., Schramm, D.N., Olive, K.A. 1984. Ap. J. 281: 493
  390. Young, J., Gallagher, J., Hunter, D. 1984. Ap. J. 276: 476
  391. Young, J.S., Scoville, N. 1982. Ap. J. Lett. 260: L11
  392. Zwicky, F. 1957. Morphological Astronomy. Berlin: Springer-Verlag
  393. Zwicky, F. 1959. Handb. Phys. 53: 373

Contents Previous