Published in "Clusters of Galaxies", eds. W. R. Oegerle, M. J. Fitchett and L. Danly 1990


EVIDENCE FOR GAS DEFICIENCY IN CLUSTER GALAXIES

Martha P. Haynes


National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (1)
Space Sciences Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853


Abstract. On-going removal of the low density outer interstellar HI gas occurs in galaxies passing through the central regions of clusters with moderately high X-ray luminosity. Although the galaxies currently maintain their spiral morphology, they are HI deficient by as much as a factor of ten relative to their counterparts at larger cluster radii or in the field. The HI distribution in deficient galaxies is truncated well interior to the optical radius as the gas is removed preferentially from the outer portions. In contrast, the molecular hydrogen component, derived from observations of CO, seems undisturbed. Galaxies that are HI poor by a factor of ten may be gas poor by only a factor of three. At the same time, other indicators suggest a reduction in the star formation rate in most HI deficient galaxies, but some objects may suffer an enhanced gas depletion if star formation is actually induced by the interaction. While the intracluster medium is the likely catalyst for gas removal, the exact sweeping mechanism is unclear. Early-type objects seem to be even more HI poor than late-type ones, perhaps supporting the suggestion of a fundamental difference in the orbital anisotropy of early and late type spirals. While it seems possible that after disk fading, stripped spirals would ultimately resemble S0's, it is unlikely that all S0's result from such gas sweeping events since the process seems viable only in the cores of rich clusters.


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

HI DEFICIENCY IN CLUSTERS

OBSERVATIONS OF THE VIRGO CLUSTER

CONSTRAINTS ON THE SWEEPING MECHANISM

INDUCED STAR FORMATION

RECENT RESULTS FOR EARLY TYPE GALAXIES

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES



1 The National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center is operated by Cornell University under a management agreement with the National Science Foundation and Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University.

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