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Article Contents

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCTION, G. Jacoby

2. PRELIMINARY REMARKS, G. Jacoby
2.1 The Value of Testing
2.2 Biases
2.3 Why Do We Care About Distances?

3. CLASSICAL CEPHEID VARIABLE STARS, D. Welch
3.1 Background
3.2 Method
3.3 Detection Regimes in Perspective
3.3.1 Wavelength Dependence of Observables
3.3.2 Signal
3.3.3 Noise
3.3.4 Bandpasses of Choise
3.4 Physical Basis
3.5 Calibration and Uncertainties
3.6 Future Needs and Directions

4. GLOBULAR CLUSTERS, W. Harris
4.1 Background
4.2 Method
4.3 Physical Basis
4.4 Calibration
4.5 Uncertainties
4.6 Future Needs and Directions

5. NOVAE, C. Pritchet
5.1 Background
5.2 Method
5.3 Calibration
5.4 Uncertainties
5.5 Other Distance Indicators using Novae
5.6 Future Needs and Directions

6. TYPE-Ia SUPERNOVAE, D. Branch
6.1 Background and Dispersion in Absolute Magnitude
6.2 Physical Basis and Self-Calibration
6.3 Other Calibrations
6.3.1 Historical Galactic Supernovae
6.3.2 Nearby Extragalactic SNe Ia
6.3.3 Thermal Emission
6.4 Uncertainties and Results
6.5 Future Needs and Directions

7. TULLY-FISHER RELATIONS, M. Pierce
7.1 Background
7.1.1 Photographic and B-Band Relations
7.1.2 Infrared (H-Band) Relations
7.2 Method
7.2.1 Inclination Estimates
7.2.2 Internal Extinction Corrections
7.2.3 Linewidth Definitions and Corrections
7.2.4 Malmquist Effects
7.2.5 Sample Selection
7.3 Physical Basis
7.4 Absolute Calibration
7.5 The Virgo Cluster
7.6 Uncertainties
7.7 Future Needs and Directions

8. PLANETARY NEBULAE, R. Ciardullo
8.1 Background
8.2 The Planetary-Nebula Luminosity Function
8.3 Method
8.4 Uncertainties
8.5 Future Needs and Directions

9. SURFACE BRIGHTNESS FLUCTUATIONS, J. Tonry
9.1 Background
9.2 Method
9.3 Uncertainties
9.4 Calibration
9.5 Future Needs and Directions

10. THE Dn-sigma RELATION FOR ELLIPTICAL GALAXIES, R. Davies
10.1 Background
10.2 Method
10.2.1 Precision of and Corrections to Measured Quantities
10.2.2 Correction for Biases
10.3 Physical Bias
10.3.1 Power-Law Relationships
10.3.2 POssible Systematic Effects
10.4 Calibration
10.5 Uncertainties
10.6 Future Needs and Directions

11. COMPARISON OF DISTANCES, J. Tonry
11.1 The Sample
11.2 The Comparison
11.3 Virgo - A Case Study
11.4 Conclusions
11.5 Summary

REFERENCES