Invited talk at the conference X-ray Astronomy 1999: Stellar Endpoints, AGNs and the Diffuse X-ray Background


OBSCURED ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI

R. Maiolino


Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy


Abstract. The properties of the absorption in type 2, narrow line AGNs are reviewed by focusing on the X-ray indicators. I discuss the properties of the cold absorbing medium (the putative torus) and of the reprocessed components, as well as their implications for the unified model. The relation between optical classification and X-ray absorption is examined. The case of "fossil" AGNs, whose type 2 classification is not due to absorption effects, is also discussed. Although this review is mainly focused on nearby Seyfert 2 galaxies, I also shortly discuss the effects of absorption at higher luminosities and higher redshift and the implications for the X-ray background.

Keywords: galaxies: active - galaxies: Seyfert - galaxies: ISM - X-rays: galaxies


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

X-RAY ABSORPTION AS A DIAGNOSTIC OF THE TORUS
The Distribution of NH
X-ray Absorption as a Probe of the Parsec Scale Torus
X-ray Absorption as a Probe of the 100 pc Scale Torus
Intermediate Type Seyferts
Dual Absorbers

X-RAY ABSORPTION AND GALAXY MORPHOLOGY

THE RELATION BETWEEN OPTICAL AND X-RAY ABSORPTION

PIERCING COMPLETELY HIDDEN AGNs

FOSSIL ACTIVE NUCLEI

IMPLICATIONS FOR THE X-RAY BACKGROUND

REFERENCES

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