There is another property of clusters of galaxies which has some interest as a parameter for classification: the degree to which the brightest member stands out against the general cluster background. Such bright objects are clearly important astrophysically, as well as for problems of galactic structure.
We have therefore devised a five-part form classification which depends on the relative contrast of the brightest galaxy to others in each cluster. The notation is given in Table 1.
|I||Clusters containing a centrally located cD galaxy||A2199, A2029|
|II||Clusters where brightest galaxy or galaxies are intermediate in appearance between class cD and the Virgo-type giant ellipticals||A0194, A1656 (Coma), A2197|
|II-III||Intermediate||A0426 (Perseus), A0400|
|III||Clusters containing no dominant galaxies. This type can be subdivided into III-E and III-S, according to the absence or presence of considerable numbers of bright spirals||Virgo, A2065 (CrB)|