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Article Contents

ABSTRACT

1.INTRODUCTION

2.WHAT IS A FIRST GALAXY?
2.1.Theoretical Perspective
2.2.Observational Perspective

3.CONSTRAINTS FROM EXISTING OBSERVATIONS
3.1.High-redshift Dropout galaxies
3.2.Lyman-alpha Emitters

4.THEORETICAL STUDIES
4.1.Overview
4.2.Pre-Galactic Metal Enrichment
4.3.Star Formation in the First Galaxies
4.4.Radiation from the First Galaxies

5.THE FIRST SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES
5.1.Formation Models
5.2.SMBH-First Galaxy Coevolution

6.James Webb Space Telescope SIGNATURE
6.1.JWST Instruments and Sensitivities
6.2.Observing High-redshift Sources
6.3.Modelling Star Formation in the First Galaxies
6.4.Source Number Counts

7.STELLAR ARCHAEOLOGY
7.1.Ultrafaint Dwarf Galaxies
7.2.Theoretical Models

8.OUTLOOK

REFERENCES