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Article Contents

ABSTRACT

1.INTRODUCTION

2.PHENOMENOLOGY
2.1.The luminosity function
2.2.Star formation rate and efficiency
2.3.Scaling relations
2.4.Evolution of low mass galaxies
2.5.Specific SFR
2.6.Spheroidal galaxies
2.7.The role of AGN
2.8.Galaxies downsize
2.9.Morphological evolution

3.METHODS
3.1.Observational surveys
3.2.Semi-Analytical Models
3.3.Hydrodynamical simulations
3.4.New methods

4.RESULTS FROM NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS
4.1.General results from semi-analytical models of galaxy formation
4.2.Feedback and dwarfs
4.3.Gas accretion versus mergers
4.4.Initial stellar mass function
4.5.Feedback and AGN

5.FUTURE PROSPECTS IN OBSERVATIONS

6.FUTURE PROSPECTS IN ASTROPHYSICAL THEORY

REFERENCES