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Article Contents

ABSTRACT

1.INTRODUCTION

2.VARIETIES OF THE COUNTER-ROTATING COMPONENTS

3.DETECTION OF COUNTER-ROTATION

4.ENVIRONMENT AND MORPHOLOGY OF COUNTER-ROTATING GALAXIES

5.STATISTICS OF COUNTER-ROTATION

6.FORMATION SCENARIOS: EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL PROCESSES

7.STELLAR POPULATIONS OF COUNTER-ROTATING COMPONENTS

8.CONCLUDING REMARKS

REFERENCES