Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1989. 27: 87-138
Copyright © 1989 by . All rights reserved

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X-RAYS FROM NORMAL GALAXIES

G. Fabbiano


Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street,
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

THE X-RAY EMISSION OF SPIRAL GALAXIES
Sources of X Rays
X-Ray Observations of the Local Group
Detailed Observations of Bright Spiral Galaxies
Average Sample Properties and Correlations With Other Wavebands

STARBURST ACTIVITY AND LOW-ACTIVITY NUCLEI
Widespread Starburst Activity in Peculiar Galaxies
Starburst Nuclei
Low-Activity Nuclei

ELLIPTICAL AND SO GALAXIES
Discovery and Properties of the Hot Interstellar Medium
Physical Status of the Halos
Cooling Flows
The Mass of Early-Type Galaxies
Radio Sources and Gaseous Halos

GALAXIES AND THE X-RAY BACKGROUND

THE FUTURE

REFERENCES

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