Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1981. 19: 77-113
Copyright © 1981 by . All rights reserved

Reprinted with kind permission from , 4139 El Camino Way, Palo Alto, California, USA

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ABUNDANCES IN STELLAR POPULATIONS AND THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM IN GALAXIES

B.E.J. Pagel


Royal Greenwich Observatory, Herstmonceux, Sussex, England

M.G. Edmunds


Department of Applied Mathematics and Astronomy, University College, Cardiff, Wales


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

THE SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD
Standard Abundance Distribution
Age-Metallicity Relation
Metallicity Distribution
Primordial Variations in Relative Abundances

LARGE-SCALE TRENDS WITHIN THE GALAXY
Abundance Gradients in Stars and the Interstella Medium
The Diffuse Interstellar Medium and the Galactic Center
The Galactic Halo

OTHER GALAXIES: ABUNDANCE INDICATORS
Individual Stars
Emission Nebulae
Integrated Light from Stellar Populations

OTHER GALAXIES: RESULTS
Irregular and Blue Compact Galaxies
Elliptical and SO Galaxies
Dwarf Spheroidal Systems
Spiral Galaxies
Quasars and Active Galaxies

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

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