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List of Main Abbreviations

ACA Atacama Compact Array (NAOJ/ALMA)

AGB Asymptotic Giant Branch (late stage of red giant stars)

AGN Active Galactic Nucleus

AIB Aromatic Infrared Bands

AKARI (Previously known as ASTRO-F, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science [ISAS], Japan)

ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array

APEX Atacama Pathfinder Experiment, is a collaboration between Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie (MPIfR), Onsala Space Observatory (OSO), and ESO

AST/RO Antarctic Submillimeter Telescope and Remote Observatory

ATCA Australia Telescope Compact Array

BIMA Berkeley Illinois Maryland Array

CARMA Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (Caltech, the BIMA partners [Maryland, Illinois, and Berkeley], and the National Science Foundation)

CCAT Cornell Caltech Atacama Telescope (25m-class sub-millimetre radiotelescope project)

CMB Cosmic Microwave Background

CSO Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (operated by Caltech under a contract from the NSF)

DIB Diffuse Interstellar Band

DLA Damped Lyman-alpha absorption system

ESO European Southern Observatory

FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (NASA)

EVLA Expanded VLA (NRAO)

FCRAO Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory (University of Massachussets and NSF)

FIR Far InfraRed

GBT Green Bank Telescope (NRAO)

GMC Giant Molecular Cloud

HST Hubble Space Telescope (NASA)

IRAM Institute for RadioAstronomy in the Mm-range (CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique France; MPG Max Planck Gesellschaft Germany; IGN Instituto Geográfico Nacional, Spain)

IRS InfraRed Spectrograph (Spitzer, NASA)

ISO Infrared Space Observatory (European Space Agency [ESA])


ISM InterStellar Medium

JCMT James Clark Maxwell Telescope [PPARC (UK), NRC (Canada) and NWO (Netherlands)]

JWST John Webb Space Telescope (NASA)

LIRG Luminous InfraRed Galaxy

LMC Large Magellanic Cloud

LMT-GTM Large Millimeter Telescope/Gran Telescopio Milimetrico (The Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica in Puebla, Mexico, and University of Massachusetts)

LTE Local Thermodynamical Equilibrium

LVG Large Velocity Gradient

MIR Mid-InfraRed

MW Milky Way

NANTEN Southern 4-meter radiotelescope (Nagoya University, Carnegie Inst. of Washington)

NAOJ National Astronomical Observatory of Japan

NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NSF facility operated by Associated Universities, Inc.)

NUGA NUclei of GAlaxies: the IRAM Survey of Low Luminosity AGN

OVRO Owens Valley Radio Observatory (Caltech)

PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon

PDR PhotoDissociation Region

QSO Quasi-Stellar Object (quasar)

SAFIR Single Aperture Far-Infrared observatory (project)

SCUBA (SCUBA2) The Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array at JCMT

SED Spectral Energy Distribution

SEST Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope

SFR Star Formation Rate

SKA Square Kilometer Array

SMA Submillimeter Array (the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory [SAO] and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics [ASIAA])

SMC Small Magellanic Cloud

SMG SubMillimetre Galaxy

SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (NASA and the DLR, German Aerospace Center)

SPICA Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (Inst. of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan)

SWS Short Wavelength Spectrometer (ISO, ESA)

ULIRG Ultra-Luminous InfraRed Galaxy

VLA Very Large Array (NRAO)

VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry

VLT Very Large Telescope (ESO)

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