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Article Contents

ABSTRACT

1.INTRODUCTION

2.BACKGROUND MATERIAL
2.1.Background Cosmology
2.2.Structure Formation
2.3.Halo Formation
2.3.1.Halo Mass Distribution
2.3.2.Halo Formation Distribution
2.4.Halo Structure

3.PRE-GALACTIC EVOLUTION OF BARYONS
3.1.Cold or Hot Accretion (Shocks)
3.2.Cooling
3.2.1.Atomic
3.2.2.Compton Cooling
3.2.3.Molecular Hydrogen Cooling
3.3.Heating
3.3.1.Photoheating
3.3.2.Heating from Feedback
3.3.3.Preheating
3.3.4.Thermal Conduction
3.4.Fate of Cooling Gas

4.GALAXY INTERACTIONS
4.1.Galaxy Orbits
4.2.Gravitational Interactions
4.2.1.Mergers
4.2.2.Tidal Destruction
4.2.3.Harassment
4.3.Hydrodynamical Interactions
4.3.1.Ram pressure

5.GALACTIC STRUCTURE
5.1.Disk Formation
5.1.1.Sizes
5.1.2.Stability
5.1.3.Bars/Spiral Arms
5.2.Spheroid Formation
5.2.1.Major Mergers
5.2.2.Secular Evolution
5.2.3.Sizes

6.STAR FORMATION, AGN AND FEEDBACK
6.1.Star Formation
6.2.Black Hole Formation
6.3.Feedback
6.3.1.Supernovae/Stellar Winds
6.3.2.AGN
6.4.Chemical Enrichment
6.5.Stellar Populations
6.5.1.Steller Population Synthesis
6.5.2.Dust Absorption and Re-emission
6.6.Absorption by the Intergalactic Medium

7.COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES
7.1.N-body/Hydro
7.2.Semi-Analytic
7.3.Halo Occupation Distributions

8.TOPICS OF CURRENT INTEREST
8.1.The First Galaxies
8.2.The Formation and Sizes of Galaxy Disks
8.3.The Overcooling Problem
8.4.Local Group Dwarf Satellites
8.5.The Origins of the Hubble Sequence

9.FUTURE DIRECTIONS

10.SUMMARY

REFERENCES