NED Holdings
# Holdings: Graphics

(Latest Revision: 22 November 2017)

### Sky Density

The distribution of NED objects on the sky as of 2017 November. The data are plotted in
Galactic coordinates. The color bar shows the number density ranging from
0 (black) to 3.6 million (red) objects per square degree. The densest region in the current NED sky (centered at l = 223.59 deg and b = -54.39 deg) is within the Hubble Ultra Deep Field.

### Redshift Distribution

The spectroscopic and photometric redshift (look-back time) distributions of NED objects as of 2015 April.

#### Comparison to Model Predictions

We present here preliminary results (NED 2015, in prep.), comparing the NED spectroscopic redshift distribution at z<0.3
with a simple cosmological model. This gives an idea of the relative completeness of NED as a function of redshift.

- Top left
- Differential counts of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts (~1 million with z<0.3) in NED.
These are compared to model predictions of the galaxy redshift distribution, obtained by multiplying
the comoving volume element by an empirical estimate of the galaxy number density. We assume that galaxy
number density is redshift-independent at these low redshifts, and estimate its value by integrating over published Schechter
function fits to the observed galaxy luminosity function
(e.g., Blanton et al. 2003;
Zucca et al. 2012 ), with a lower luminosity
cutoff of L/*L=0.0001. We assume a cosmology with H0=68 km/s/Mpc, Ω(matter)=0.3, Ω(Lambda)=0.7, and Ω(k)=0.0.
The three model curves show the median and 1-sigma variation in published estimates of the average galaxy density in this redshift range. The size of the redshift bins is dz=0.0025.
- Top right
- Ratio of differential counts to model counts.
- Bottom left
- Cumulative counts of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts in NED.
- Bottom right
- Ratio of cumulative counts to model counts.
**Note:** The low fractional completeness (<0.1 at z<0.03) is characteristic of
modern spectroscopic surveys which either cover a small solid area on the sky, or target a selected subsample
of galaxies within their survey area. NED does its best to incorporate all available published redshifts, and we
will update these figures as new data are added.