Date and Time of the Query: 2022-01-21 T13:39:30 PST
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You have selected the following parameters to search on:

Parameters for Distances and Cosmology: Ho= 73.0; Ωmatter = 0.27; Ωvacuum = 0.73;
Derived Quantities use a Redshift corrected to a Reference Frame defined by the 3K CMB

NED results for object NGC 2357

1 objects found in NED.    


 Row          Object Name                 EquJ2000.0       Object  Velocity/Redshift    Mag./  Separ.               Number of                                 Row 
 No.     (* => Essential Note)       RA               DEC  Type     km/s       z   Qual Filter arcmin Refs Notes Phot Posn Vel/z Diam Assoc Images   Spectra  No. 
1    NGC 2357                       07h17m41.0s +23d21m24s G        2275  0.007589      14.0     ...    79     1   48   16    13    6     0 Retrieve Retrieve 1   

Detailed information for each object

Object No. 1 - NGC 2357

INDEX for NGC 2357
Essential Data (jump to sub-section of this query report):

   Essential Note    
   Basic Data   
   Quantities Derived from Redshift    
   Redshift-Independent Distances
   Quick-Look Photometry and Luminosities
   Quick-Look Angular and Physical Sizes
   Foreground Galactic Extinction    
   External Services
Detailed Data (NED queries):
  • Images
  • 48 Photometric data point(s) and SED   
  • Spectra   
    Redshift-Independent Distances
    79 Reference(s)   
    16 Position data point(s)
    13 Redshift data point(s)   
    6 Diameter data point(s)   
    1 Note(s)   
    UGC data    
    RC3 data    

    ESSENTIAL NOTE for NGC 2357 (Back to INDEX)

    Object Names Type Object Names Type
    NGC 2357G 2MASS J07174102+2321241 IrS
    UGC 03782 G IRAS 07146+2326 IrS
    CGCG 116-046 G AKARI J0717406+232127 IrS
    CGCG 0714.6+2327 G 2MIG 0959 G
    MCG +04-17-014 G LDCE 0496 NED002 G
    FGC 0619 G PGC1 0020592 NED001 G
    RFGC 1194 G HIPASS J0717+23 RadioS
    2MFGC 05811 G PGC 020592 G
    WISEA J071741.02+232124.7 IrS UZC J071741.0+232123 G
    2MASX J07174098+2321242 IrS NVSS J071741+232117 RadioS
    2MASXi J0717406+232130 IrS    

    COORDINATES for NGC 2357 (Back to INDEX)

    Position Reference:20032MASX.C.......:

    Reference    Frame     Longitude    Latitude        RA           DEC      Uncertainty Ellipse (arcsec)
                           (degrees)   (degrees)                              Semimajor Semiminor  PA(deg)
    Equatorial (B1950.0)  108.666334   23.447581  07h14m39.92s  +23d26m51.3s  1.25E+00  1.25E+00    0
    Equatorial (J2000.0)  109.420792   23.356750  07h17m40.99s  +23d21m24.3s  1.25E+00  1.25E+00    0
    Ecliptic   (B1950.0)  107.078514    1.101992                              1.25E+00  1.25E+00    0
    Ecliptic   (J2000.0)  107.777008    1.108022                              1.25E+00  1.25E+00    0
    Galactic              194.440915   15.910809                              1.25E+00  1.25E+00    0
    SuperGalactic          34.651397  -50.543300                              1.25E+00  1.25E+00    0
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    16 Position data point(s)


    24 Distances found in NED View 24 Individual Distance Measurement(s) for NGC 2357

    Summary Statistics computed by NED from 24 Distance(s) in the literature:
    NOTE: These summary statistics are provided for "quick-look" reference only;
    they are based exclusively on original values, as published.
    No homogenization or corrections have been applied.

    NGC 2357 Distance Modulus
    Metric Distance
    Mean 32.53 32.333
    Std. Dev. 0.24 3.541
    Min. 32.07 26.000
    Max. 33.05 40.700
    Median 32.51 31.800

    TypeAs PublishedNED HomogenizedFlagReference Code
    HierarchyGRGroup member, radial-velocity confirmed...1988NBGC.C....0000T
    KinematicsHI line widthHI line width...1997AJ....114..122G
    Luminosity Class6.0LC III-IV...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    Galaxy MorphologyScd:Scd?...1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    Distance IndicatorTully-FisherTully-Fisher...2000BSAO...50....5K
    37 Detailed Classification(s)

    Galactic Extinction from the Schlafly & Finkbeiner 2011, Appendix; 2011ApJ...737..103S (SF11) recalibration 
    of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis 1998, Appendix B; 1998ApJ...500..525S (SFD98) infrared-based dust map.
    The map is based on dust emission from COBE/DIRBE and IRAS/ISSA;
    the recalibration assumes a Fitzpatrick (1999PASP..111...63F) reddening law with Rv = 3.1 and different source spectrum than SFD98.

    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.35)B (0.43)V (0.54)R (0.64)I (0.80)u (0.36)g (0.47)r (0.62)i (0.75)z (0.89)J (1.25)H (1.66)K (2.19)L' (3.78)
    Aλ [mag]0.2870.2400.1820.1440.1000.2810.2190.1520.1130.0840.0470.0300.0200.010
    Show/Hide Aλ magnitudes in all 88 photometric bands based on SF11
    For completeness, we include the original SFD98 values:
    L a n d o l tS D S SU K I R T
    Filter [µm]U (0.34)B (0.44)V (0.54)R (0.65)I (0.81)u (0.35)g (0.49)r (0.63)i (0.78)z (0.93)J (1.27)H (1.67)K (2.22)L' (3.81)
    Aλ [mag]0.3570.2840.2180.1760.1270.3390.2490.1810.1370.0970.0590.0380.0240.010

    Galactic Extinction based on H I Column Densities and Galaxy Counts
    (Burstein & Heiles; 1982AJ.....87.1165B) assuming Rv = 3.1:
    AB = 0.420 mag
    See Notes on Galactic Extinction for important caveats.

    BASIC DATA for NGC 2357 (Back to INDEX)
    Helio. Radial Velocity     :      2275 +/-        2 km/s      
    Redshift                   :  0.007589 +/- 0.000007        2005ApJS..160..149S
    Major Diameter (arcmin)    :  4.26
    Minor Diameter (arcmin)    :  0.35
    Magnitude and Filter       : 14.0 
    Classifications            : Sc                  
    NOTE: This information is indicative only. With the exception of the
          redshift they are unreferenced and highly inhomogeneous as to
          their origin. The Radial Velocity (when available) is computed
          from the listed redshift. The remaining values are designed to
          orient the user with a quick-look, overall assessment of the
          general properties of the object in question. They are not
          averages nor are they standardized in any way.
    Additional detailed measurements with references are also available by clicking below:
    13 Redshift data point(s)      48 photometric data point(s)      6 Diameter data point(s)      

    Calculated and Corrected Velocities
    V (Heliocentric)           :    2275 +/-      2 km/s      2005ApJS..160..149S
    V (Kinematic LSR)          :    2264 +/-      2 km/s      1986MNRAS.221.1023K
    V (Galactocentric GSR)     :    2213 +/-      3 km/s      1991RC3.9.C...0000d
    V (Local Group)            :    2209 +/-      4 km/s      1996AJ....111..794K
    V (3K CMB)                 :    2433 +/-     11 km/s      1996ApJ...473..576F
    V (Virgo Infall only)      :    2342 +/-     10 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA only)        :    2433 +/-     12 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    V (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    2444 +/-     12 km/s      2000ApJ...529..786M
    Hubble Flow Distance and Distance Modulus (where Ho =   73.0 +/-   5 km/sec/Mpc)
    D (Galactocentric GSR)     :    30.3 +/-    2.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.41 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Local Group)            :    30.3 +/-    2.1 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.40 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (3K CMB)                 :    33.3 +/-    2.3 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.61 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo Infall only)      :    32.1 +/-    2.3 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.53 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA only)        :    33.3 +/-    2.3 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.61 +/- 0.15 mag
    D (Virgo + GA + Shapley)   :    33.5 +/-    2.3 Mpc      (m-M) = 32.62 +/- 0.15 mag
    Scale at Hubble Flow Distances
    Scale (Galactocentric GSR) :     147 pc/arcsec =  0.147 kpc/arcsec =   8.82 kpc/arcmin =   0.53 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Local Group)        :     147 pc/arcsec =  0.147 kpc/arcsec =   8.80 kpc/arcmin =   0.53 Mpc/degree
    Scale (3K CMB)             :     162 pc/arcsec =  0.162 kpc/arcsec =   9.70 kpc/arcmin =   0.58 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo Infall only)  :     156 pc/arcsec =  0.156 kpc/arcsec =   9.33 kpc/arcmin =   0.56 Mpc/degree
    Scale (Virgo + GA only)    :     162 pc/arcsec =  0.162 kpc/arcsec =   9.69 kpc/arcmin =   0.58 Mpc/degree
    Scale(Virgo + GA + Shapley):     162 pc/arcsec =  0.162 kpc/arcsec =   9.74 kpc/arcmin =   0.58 Mpc/degree
    To Search for Nearby Objects (Physical Companions): Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Environment Search" button
    Search for Objects within +/-arcmin where 100 kpc = 10.269 arcmin and Selected Redshift, defined by the Velocity Range: from to km/sec where V(Heliocentric) = 2275 km/sec
    Cosmology-Corrected Quantities [Ho = 73.00 km/sec/Mpc, Ωmatter = 0.27, Ωvacuum = 0.73] [Redshift 0.008117 as corrected to the Reference Frame defined by the 3K Microwave Background Radiation] Luminosity Distance : 33.5 Mpc (m-M) = 32.63 mag Angular-Size Distance : 33 Mpc (m-M) = 32.59 mag Co-Moving Radial Distance : 33.3 Mpc (m-M) = 32.61 mag Co-Moving Tangential Dist. : 33.3 Mpc (m-M) = 32.61 mag Co-Moving Volume : 0.000154 Gpc^3 Light Travel-Time : 0.108 Gyr Age at Redshift 0.008117 : 13.191 Gyr Age of Universe : 13.299 Gyr Scale (Cosmology Corrected): 160 pc/arcsec = 0.160 kpc/arcsec = 9.60 kpc/arcmin = 0.58 Mpc/degree Surface Brightness Dimming : Flux Density per Unit Area = 0.96818; Magnitude per Unit Area = 0.03511 mag
    To change Cosmological Input Parameters for Derived Quantities: Enter Your Preferred Values and click on "Submit Changed Hubble Parameters for this object" button
    Correct Redshift To the Reference Frame defined by: as Input for Calculation of the Distances and Cosmology-Corrected Quantities


    The brightest flux in each of the following spectral regions, when available:
    Gamma-Ray (ν > 2E19 Hz); X-Ray (2E19 Hz > ν > 2E16 Hz); Ultraviolet (2E16 Hz > ν > 9E14 Hz); Visual (9E14 Hz > ν > 3E14 Hz);
    Near-Infrared (3E14 Hz > ν > 6E13 Hz); Mid-Infrared (6E13 Hz > ν > 7.5E12 Hz); Far-Infrared (7.5E12 Hz > ν > 1E12 Hz);
    Sub-Millimeter (1E12 Hz > ν > 3E11 Hz); Millimeter (3E11 Hz > ν > 3E10 Hz); Radio (3E10 Hz > ν).

    Band Apparent Mag or Flux Refcode Absolute Mag or νLν [W] νLν [L(Bolometric)]
    Millimeter 0.00E+00 +/- -NaN [W] 0.00E+00 +/- -NaN
    NOTE: The above quantities are derived using an estimated Distance Modulus of (===!Lv='=,=E=-:=*=&=$ {=!=R=y=~=6=k=}=2==F== V=Z==$=W=5=Q= +/- E=-:=*=&=$ {=!=R=y=~=6=k=}=2==F== V=Z==$=W=5=Q=) mag corresponding to
    a Metric Distance of (= V=Z==$=W=5=Q= +/- =5=Q=) Mpc using the Average NED-D value.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction, and no K-Corrections have been applied.

    View details and SED for 48 Photometric data point(s) available in NED.


    The largest diameters in the Visual and Near-Infrared spectral regions, when available:

    Passband Apparent Major Axis
    (2a) [arcsec]
    Apparent Minor Axis
    (2b) [arcsec]
    Reference Level RefcodePhysical Major Axis
    (2a) [kpc]
    Physical Minor Axis
    (2b) [kpc]
    RC3 D_0 (blue) 233.40...... 25.0 B-mag arcsec^-2^ 1991RC3.9.C...0000d36.59...
    K_s (2MASS "total") 177.2031.90120 Diameter for "total" magnitude 20032MASX.C.......:20032MASX.C.......:27.785.00
    NOTE: Physical diameters are derived using a scale of 0.1568 kpc/arcsec based on Average NED-D Metric Distance of (32.333 +/- 3.541) Mpc.
    The quantities quoted above have not necessarily been corrected for foreground extinction.

    View details for 6 Diameter data point(s) available in NED.

    Resources for Object NamesSite/Service
    Query SIMBAD by primary NED object name -- NGC 2357SIMBAD (CDS, Strasbourg, France)
    Revised New General Catalogue -- NGC 2357VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Uppsala General Catalog -- UGC 03782 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Original Zwicky Catalog -- CGCG 116-046 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Query UZC Spectral Archive (60 arcsec search radius)Updated Zwicky Catalog Data (Harvard/SAO)
    Morphological Catalog of Galaxies -- MCG +04-17-014 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASX J07174098+2321242 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    2MASS Extended Source Images (JHKs) -- 2MASXi J0717406+232130 NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Catalogue of Principal Galaxies -- PGC 020592 VizieR Catalog Query (U.S. mirror, CfA/Harvard)
    Retrieve mean data from LEDA -- PGC 020592 The Lyon/Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA)
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    Query GALEX (NUV/FUV) Mission Archive (7.2 arcsec search radius) -- NGC 2357GALEX Mission Data Archive at MAST
    Explore IRSA resources with RADAR (10 arcsec search radius) -- NGC 2357NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Resources for position 07h17m41.0s, +23d21m24s (J2000)Site/Service
    Query Optical and UV Mission Archives (Default search radius)Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST)
    Query High Energy Mission Archives (Default search radius)HEASARC (NASA/GSFC)
    Query IRSA for WISE images (10 arcmin search radius)NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    Band(s): Size:
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
    NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (IRSA)
     Size:    Contours (PS)  JPEG  FITS File 
    NRAO/VLA Sky Survey (NVSS)
    The NRAO Data Archive System

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