"Constructing the Universe with Clusters of Galaxies", IAP 2000 meeting, Paris, eds. F. Durret and D. Gerbal

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FROM MESSIER TO ABELL:
200 YEARS OF SCIENCE WITH GALAXY CLUSTERS

Andrea Biviano


Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste
via G.B. Tiepolo 11 - I-34131 Trieste, Italy
biviano@oat.ts.astro.it


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

THE DISTRIBUTION OF CLUSTERS
Early days
Surveys and catalogues
Superclusters and voids
Clusters and the Large Scale Structure of the Universe

THE CLUSTER COMPONENTS
The morphology-density relation
Luminosity segregation
Kinematical segregation
Star formation in cluster galaxies
Density and velocity dispersion profiles
The hot IC gas
Radio components

STRUCTURE
Subclustering
Mass
Luminosity
On the nature of the dark matter in clusters

EVOLUTION
The formation and evolution of galaxy clustering
The evolution of galaxies in clusters
The evolution of the IC gas
Cooling flows and the evolution of cD galaxies

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

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