Published in Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 57, p.227-303, 2019.


Mark R. Krumholz 1,2, Christopher F. McKee 3, and Joss Bland-Hawthorn 2,4,5

1 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia
2 Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in Three Dimensions (ASTRO-3D), Australia
3 Departments of Astronomy and of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
4 Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics A28, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
5 Miller Professor, Miller Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

Abstract: Star clusters stand at the intersection of much of modern astrophysics: the interstellar medium, gravitational dynamics, stellar evolution, and cosmology. Here we review observations and theoretical models for the formation, evolution, and eventual disruption of star clusters. Current literature suggests a picture of this life cycle with several phases:

In the next decade a new generation of space- and AO-assisted ground-based telescopes will enable us to test and refine this picture.

Keywords : star clusters, star formation, globular clusters, open clusters and associations, stellar abundances

The paper is in pdf format.